Occaneechi Path

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'''Counties'''  
 
'''Counties'''  
  
*'''''Virginia: '''''[[Prince George County, Virginia|Prince George]], [[Dinwiddie County, Virginia|Dinwiddie]], [[Brunswick County, Virginia|Brunswick]], [[Lunenburg County, Virginia|Lunenburg]], [[Mecklenburg County, Virginia|Mecklenburg]]  
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*'''''Virginia: ''''' [[Prince George County, Virginia|Prince George]], [[Dinwiddie County, Virginia|Dinwiddie]], [[Brunswick County, Virginia|Brunswick]], [[Lunenburg County, Virginia|Lunenburg]], [[Mecklenburg County, Virginia|Mecklenburg]]  
*'''''North Carolina: ''''' [[Granville County, North Carolina|Granville]], [[Durham County, North Carolina|Durham]], [[Orange County, North Carolina|Orange]], [[Alamance County, North Carolina|Alamance]], [[Guilford County, North Carolina|Guilford]], [[Randolph County, North Carolina|Randolph]], [[Davidson County, North Carolina|Davidson]], [[Rowan County, North Carolina|Rowan]], [[Cabarrus County, North Carolina|Cabarrus]], [[Mecklenburg County, North Carolina|Mecklenburg]]  
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*'''''North Carolina: ''''' [[Granville County, North Carolina|Granville]], [[Durham County, North Carolina|Durham]], [[Orange County, North Carolina|Orange]], [[Alamance County, North Carolina|Alamance]], [[Guilford County, North Carolina|Guilford]], [[Randolph County, North Carolina|Randolph]], [[Davidson County, North Carolina|Davidson]], [[Rowan County, North Carolina|Rowan]], [[Cabarrus County, North Carolina|Cabarrus]], [[Mecklenburg County, North Carolina|Mecklenburg]]
*'''''South Carolina: '''''  
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*'''''Georgia: '''''
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:'''''A fork:''''' Southwest of the Catawba River the '''Occaneechi Path''' forked. The west fork ([[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]]) went to Cherokee villages. The south fork headed toward present-day Augusta, Georgia.
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*'''''South Carolina: ''''' [[York County, South Carolina|York]], [[Chester County, South Carolina|Chester]], [[Lancaster County, South Carolina|Lancaster]], [[Kershaw County, South Carolina|Kershaw]], [[Fairfield County, South Carolina|Fairfield]], [[Richland County, South Carolina|Richland]], [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]], [[Aiken County, South Carolina|Aiken]]
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*'''''Georgia: ''''' [[Columbia County, Georgia|Columbia]], [[Richmond County, Georgia|Richmond]]
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'''Trail merges and splits.''' The '''Occaneechi Path''' joins the [[Fall Line Road]] at Petersburg, VA, and follows the same path to Rock Hill, SC.
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===

Revision as of 06:10, 27 January 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Occaneechi Path

The Occaneechi Path or "Trading Path," also called the "Indian Trading Path," "Catawba Path," "Catawba Road," "Indian Road," or "Warriors' Path" was a corridor of roads and trails (not just one path) connecting the Piedmont region including Chesapeake Bay (Petersburg, VA), Occaneechi Village (Clarksville, VA), the Waxhaws (Charlotte, NC), and Cherokee villages of the Carolinas and Georgia (Augusta, GA). Along the way several other significant pathways eventually merged with or forked off this path including parts of the Upper Road, the Fall Line Road, the Great Valley Road (South Fork), and the Lower Cherokee Traders' Path. Pack caravans plied the Occaneechi Path with guns, gunpowder, knives, jewelry, blankets, and hatchets in trade for furs and deerskins.[1] The length of the Occaneechi Path from the Petersburg, Virginia to Augusta, Georgia was roughly 510 miles (820 km).

Contents

Historical Background

The path was named after the Occaneechi (also Occoneechee, Akenatzy), a small but important tribe who acted as trading middlemen, and who lived primarily on a four-mile long island on the Dan and Roanoke rivers near present-day Clarksville, Virginia. At first the Occaneechi served as contacts between Europeans and Cherokee and other interior tribes. Because of their trade contacts their language was widely used and understood by the leaders of many nations.[2]

The Occaneechi Path was well enough designed to be roughly followed by railroads and Interstate Highway 85.[1]

As roads developed in America, settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Route

Counties

A fork: Southwest of the Catawba River the Occaneechi Path forked. The west fork (Lower Cherokee Traders' Path) went to Cherokee villages. The south fork headed toward present-day Augusta, Georgia.

Trail merges and splits. The Occaneechi Path joins the Fall Line Road at Petersburg, VA, and follows the same path to Rock Hill, SC.

Settlers and Records

No lists of settlers who used the Occaneechi Path are known to exist. However, local and county histories along the road may reveal that many of the first pioneer settlers arrived from places to the northeast along the route.

Internet Sites

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wikipedia contributors, "Trading Path," Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trading_Path (accessed 26 January 2011).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Occaneechi," Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occaneechi (accessed 26 January 2011).