Occaneechi Path

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(77 20)
(merge splits)
Line 9: Line 9:
 
The Occaneechi Path was well enough designed to be roughly followed by railroads and parts of Interstate Highways 85, 77, and 20.<ref name="TP" />  
 
The Occaneechi Path was well enough designed to be roughly followed by railroads and parts of Interstate Highways 85, 77, and 20.<ref name="TP" />  
  
As roads developed in America, settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.
+
As roads developed in America, settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.  
  
 
=== Route  ===
 
=== Route  ===
Line 18: Line 18:
 
*'''''North Carolina:&nbsp;''''' [[Granville County, North Carolina|Granville]], [[Durham County, North Carolina|Durham]], [[Orange County, North Carolina|Orange]], [[Alamance County, North Carolina|Alamance]], [[Guilford County, North Carolina|Guilford]], [[Randolph County, North Carolina|Randolph]], [[Davidson County, North Carolina|Davidson]], [[Rowan County, North Carolina|Rowan]], [[Cabarrus County, North Carolina|Cabarrus]], [[Mecklenburg County, North Carolina|Mecklenburg]]
 
*'''''North Carolina:&nbsp;''''' [[Granville County, North Carolina|Granville]], [[Durham County, North Carolina|Durham]], [[Orange County, North Carolina|Orange]], [[Alamance County, North Carolina|Alamance]], [[Guilford County, North Carolina|Guilford]], [[Randolph County, North Carolina|Randolph]], [[Davidson County, North Carolina|Davidson]], [[Rowan County, North Carolina|Rowan]], [[Cabarrus County, North Carolina|Cabarrus]], [[Mecklenburg County, North Carolina|Mecklenburg]]
  
:'''''A fork:''''' Southwest of the Catawba River the '''Occaneechi Path''' forked. The west fork ([[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]]) went to Cherokee villages. The south fork headed toward present-day Augusta, Georgia.
+
:'''''A fork:''''' West of the Catawba River the '''Occaneechi Path''' forked. The west fork ([[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]]) went to Cherokee villages. The south fork headed toward present-day Augusta, Georgia.
  
 
*'''''South Carolina:&nbsp;''''' [[York County, South Carolina|York]], [[Chester County, South Carolina|Chester]], [[Lancaster County, South Carolina|Lancaster]], [[Kershaw County, South Carolina|Kershaw]], [[Fairfield County, South Carolina|Fairfield]], [[Richland County, South Carolina|Richland]], [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]], [[Aiken County, South Carolina|Aiken]]  
 
*'''''South Carolina:&nbsp;''''' [[York County, South Carolina|York]], [[Chester County, South Carolina|Chester]], [[Lancaster County, South Carolina|Lancaster]], [[Kershaw County, South Carolina|Kershaw]], [[Fairfield County, South Carolina|Fairfield]], [[Richland County, South Carolina|Richland]], [[Lexington County, South Carolina|Lexington]], [[Aiken County, South Carolina|Aiken]]  
 
*'''''Georgia:&nbsp;''''' [[Columbia County, Georgia|Columbia]], [[Richmond County, Georgia|Richmond]]
 
*'''''Georgia:&nbsp;''''' [[Columbia County, Georgia|Columbia]], [[Richmond County, Georgia|Richmond]]
  
'''Trail merges and splits.''' The '''Occaneechi Path''' joins the [[Fall Line Road]] at Petersburg, VA, and follows the same path to Rock Hill, SC.
+
'''Trail merges and splits.''' The '''Occaneechi Path''' is joined by the [[Fall Line Road]] at Petersburg, VA, and follows the same path south to near the Virginia border. There the path splits more west to the Occaneechi village near Clarksville, VA. Near there the Occaneechi Path picks up the same route as the [[Upper Road]] and they stay together all the way south past Charlotte, NC. The [[Lower Cherokee Traders' Path]], the [[Upper Road]], and the west fork of the Occaneechi Path head west from there. Meanwhile, back at Salisbury, NC the Occaneechi Path is joined by the south fork of the [[Great Valley Road]] and the two follow the same route to Augusta, GA. Their route at Camden, SC is joined a second time by the [[Fall Line Road]] which continues on to Augusta. The [[Camden-Charleston Path]] also forks off at Camden. On the way from Camden to Augusta the Occaneechi and associated trails cross the [[Old South Carolina State Road]] and the [[Fort Moore-Charleston Trail]]. For a detailed map see [[South Carolina Emigration and Immigration#Settlement_Patterns|South Carolina Emigration and Immigration]].  
  
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===
 
=== Settlers and Records  ===

Revision as of 06:57, 27 January 2011

United States  Gotoarrow.png  Migration  Gotoarrow.png  Trails and Roads  Gotoarrow.png  Occaneechi Path

The Occaneechi Path or "Trading Path," also called the "Indian Trading Path," "Catawba Path," "Catawba Road," "Indian Road," or "Warriors' Path" was a corridor of roads and trails (not just one path) connecting the Piedmont region including Chesapeake Bay (Petersburg, VA), Occaneechi Village (Clarksville, VA), the Waxhaws (Charlotte, NC), and Cherokee villages of the Carolinas and Georgia (Augusta, GA). Along the way several other significant pathways eventually merged with or forked off this path including parts of the Upper Road, the Fall Line Road, the Great Valley Road (South Fork), and the Lower Cherokee Traders' Path. Pack caravans plied the Occaneechi Path with guns, gunpowder, knives, jewelry, blankets, and hatchets in trade for furs and deerskins.[1] The length of the Occaneechi Path from the Petersburg, Virginia to Augusta, Georgia was roughly 510 miles (820 km).

Contents

Historical Background

The path was named after the Occaneechi (also Occoneechee, Akenatzy), a small but important tribe who acted as trading middlemen, and who lived primarily on a four-mile long island on the Dan and Roanoke rivers near present-day Clarksville, Virginia. At first the Occaneechi served as contacts between Europeans and Cherokee and other interior tribes. Because of their trade contacts their language was widely used and understood by the leaders of many nations.[2]

The Occaneechi Path was well enough designed to be roughly followed by railroads and parts of Interstate Highways 85, 77, and 20.[1]

As roads developed in America, settlers were attracted to nearby communities because the roads provided access to markets. They could sell their products at distant markets, and buy products made far away. If an ancestor settled near a road, you may be able to trace back to a place of origin on a connecting highway.

Route

Counties

A fork: West of the Catawba River the Occaneechi Path forked. The west fork (Lower Cherokee Traders' Path) went to Cherokee villages. The south fork headed toward present-day Augusta, Georgia.

Trail merges and splits. The Occaneechi Path is joined by the Fall Line Road at Petersburg, VA, and follows the same path south to near the Virginia border. There the path splits more west to the Occaneechi village near Clarksville, VA. Near there the Occaneechi Path picks up the same route as the Upper Road and they stay together all the way south past Charlotte, NC. The Lower Cherokee Traders' Path, the Upper Road, and the west fork of the Occaneechi Path head west from there. Meanwhile, back at Salisbury, NC the Occaneechi Path is joined by the south fork of the Great Valley Road and the two follow the same route to Augusta, GA. Their route at Camden, SC is joined a second time by the Fall Line Road which continues on to Augusta. The Camden-Charleston Path also forks off at Camden. On the way from Camden to Augusta the Occaneechi and associated trails cross the Old South Carolina State Road and the Fort Moore-Charleston Trail. For a detailed map see South Carolina Emigration and Immigration.

Settlers and Records

No lists of settlers who used the Occaneechi Path are known to exist. However, local and county histories along the road may reveal that many of the first pioneer settlers arrived from places to the northeast along the route.

Internet Sites

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wikipedia contributors, "Trading Path," Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trading_Path (accessed 26 January 2011).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Occaneechi," Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occaneechi (accessed 26 January 2011).

{{Navbox |name = Virginia |state = autocollapse |style = width: 100%; |title = Links to Virginia-related articles |titlestyle = text-align: center; |basestyle = background: #EEEEEE; |groupstyle = font-size: 85%; padding:0.22em 0; line-height:1.3em; |liststyle = background: #f3f3f3; font-size: 85%; padding:0.22em 0; line-height:1.3em;

|group1 = Topics

|list1 =

Introduction · African Americans · American Indians · Archives and Libraries · Bible Records · Biography · Cemeteries · Census · Church Records · Court Records · Digital Collections · Directories · Emigration and Immigration · Gazetteers · Genealogy · Heraldry · History · Land and Property · Law and Legislation · Maps · Military Records · Naturalization and Citizenship · Newspapers · Occupations · Online Records · Periodicals · Probate Records · Public Records · Schools · Societies · Taxation · Vital Records · Voting Registers · For Further Reading

|group2 = Counties |list2 = Accomack · Albemarle · Alleghany · Amelia · Amherst · Appomattox · Arlington · Augusta · Bath · Bedford · Bland · Botetourt · Brunswick · Buchanan · Buckingham · Campbell · Caroline · Carroll · Charles City · Charlotte · Chesterfield · Clarke · Craig · Culpeper · Cumberland · Dickenson · Dinwiddie · Essex · Fairfax · Fauquier · Floyd · Fluvanna · Franklin · Frederick · Giles · Gloucester · Goochland · Grayson · Greene · Greensville · Halifax · Hanover · Henrico · Henry · Highland · Isle of Wight · James City · King and Queen · King George · King William · Lancaster · Lee · Loudoun · Louisa · Lunenburg · Madison · Mathews · Mecklenburg · Middlesex · Montgomery · Nelson · New Kent · Northampton · Northumberland · Nottoway · Orange · Page · Patrick · Pittsylvania · Powhatan · Prince Edward · Prince George · Prince William · Pulaski · Rappahannock (New) · Richmond · Roanoke · Rockbridge · Rockingham · Russell · Scott · Shenandoah · Smyth · Southampton · Spotsylvania · Stafford · Surry · Sussex · Tazewell · Warren · Washington · Westmoreland · Wise · Wythe · York

|group3 = Independent
Cities
|list3 = Alexandria · Bedford · Bristol · Buena Vista · Charlottesville · Chesapeake · Clifton Forge · Colonial Heights · Covington · Danville · Emporia · Fairfax · Falls Church · Franklin · Fredericksburg · Galax · Hampton · Harrisonburg · Hopewell · Lexington · Lynchburg · Manassas Park · Martinsville · Newport News · Norfolk · Norton · Petersburg · Poquoson · Portsmouth · Radford · Richmond · Roanoke · Salem · Staunton · Suffolk · Virginia Beach · Waynesboro · Williamsburg · Winchester

|group4 = Extinct
Counties
and Cities
|list4 =

Alexandria County  · Dunmore · Elizabeth City · Fincastle · Illinois · Kentucky · Manchester · Nansemond · Norfolk · Norfolk (Lower) · Norfolk (New) · Norfolk (South) · Norfolk (Upper) · Princess Anne · Rappahannock (Old) · South Boston · Warwick · West Augusta · Yohogania

|group5 = Counties
gone to
Kentucky
|list5 = Bourbon · Fayette · Jefferson · Kentucky (extinct) · Lincoln · Madison · Mason · Mercer · Nelson · Woodford

|group6 = Counties
gone to
West Virginia
|list6 = Barbour · Berkeley · Boone · Braxton · Brooke · Cabell · Calhoun · Clay · Doddridge · Fayette · Gilmer · Greenbrier · Hampshire · Hancock · Hardy · Harrison · Jackson · Jefferson · Kanawha · Lewis · Logan · Marion · Marshall · Mason · McDowell · Mercer · Monongalia · Monroe · Morgan · Nicholas · Ohio · Pendleton · Pleasants · Pocahontas · Preston · Putnam · Raleigh · Randolph · Ritchie · Roane · Taylor · Tucker · Tyler · Upshur · Wayne · Webster · Wetzel · Wirt · Wood · Wyoming

|group7 = Colonial
Parishes

|list7 =

Abingdon · Accomac · Accomack · Albemarle · Amherst · Antrim · Appomattox · Argall's Gift · Augusta · Bath · Beckford · Berkeley · Blisland · Blount Point · Botetourt · Boutracy · Bristol · Bromfield · Brunswick · Bruton · Camden · Cameron · Charles City · Charles · Charles River · Chickacoan · Chickahominy · Chippokes · Chiskiack · Chotank · Christ Church (Lancaster Co.) · Christ Church (Middlesex Co.) · Chuckatuck · Cople · Cornwall · Cumberland · Dale · Denbigh · Dettingen · Drysdale · East · Elizabeth City · Elizabeth River · Fairfax · Fairfield · Farnham · Flowerdew Hundred · Fluvanna · Frederick · Fredericksville · Hamilton · Hampton · Hanover · Harrop · Henrico · Hog Island · Hungars · James City · Jordan's Journey · Kecoughtan · Kingston · King William · Lancaster · Lawnes Creek · Lee · Leeds · Lexington · Littleton · Lower (Elizabeth City Co.) · Lower (Isle of Wight Co.)  · Lower (Lancaster Co.)  · Lower (Nansemond Co.) · Lower (Northampton Co.) · Lower (Stafford Co.) · Lower (Upper Norfolk Co.) · Lower Suffolk · Lunenburg · Lynnhaven · Machodick · Manchester · Marston · Martin's Brandon · Martin's Hundred · Meherrin · Middle Plantation · Middletowne · Montgomery · Mulberry Island · New Poquoson · Newport · Nomini · Norborne · Northampton · North Farnham · Nottoway (Prince Edward Co.) · Nottoway (Southampton Co.) · Nutmeg Quarter · Occohannock · Overwharton · Patrick · Petsworth · Piankatank · Piscataway · Poropotank · Portsmouth · Potomac · Raleigh · Richmond · Rockbridge · Rockingham · Russell · St. Andrew's · St. Anne's (Albemarle Co.) · St. Anne's (Essex and Caroline Cos.) · St. Asaph's · St. Brides · St. David's · St. George's (Accomack Co.)  · St. George's (Spotsylvania Co.) · St. James Northam · St. James Southam · St. James's (Goochland Co.) · St. James's (Mecklenburg Co.) · St. John's · St. Luke's · St. Margaret's · St. Mark's · St. Martin's · St. Mary's · St. Mary's Whitechapel · St. Patrick's · St. Paul's (Hanover Co.) · St. Paul's (King George Co.) · St. Peter's · St. Stephen's (King and Queen Co.) · St. Stephen's (Northumberland Co.) · St. Thomas · Shelburne · Sittenburne · Smith's Hundred · South · Southampton · South Farnham · Southwark · Stafford · Stanley Hundred · Stratton Major · Suffolk · Tillotson · Trinity (Lancaster Co.) · Trinity (Louisa Co.) · Truro · Upper (Elizabeth City Co.) · Upper (Isle of Wight Co.) · Upper (Lancaster Co.) · Upper (Nansemond Co.) · Upper (Northampton Co.) · Upper (Stafford Co.) · Upper Suffolk · Varina · Wallingford · Ware · Warrosquyoake · Warwick · Washington (Westmoreland Co.) · Washington (Washington Co.) · Waters Creek · West · West and Shirley · Westbury · Westover · Weyanoke · Wicomico · Wilmington · York · Yorkhampton

|group8 = Major

|list8 =

Library of Virginia · Virginia Historical Society · Virginia Theological Seminary · Bristol Public Library · Earl Gregg Swem Library at the College of William and Mary · Handley Regional Library · Germanna Foundation · John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library at Colonial Williamsburg · Jones Memorial Library · Mary Ball Washington Museum and Library · Portsmouth Public Library · Roanoke County Public Library · University of Virginia Library · Library of Congress  · National Archives and Records Administration  · National Archives at College Park, Maryland  · National Archives at Philadelphia  · New York Public Library  · Santa Cruz Public Library Downtown