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Forts dotted Ohio as settlers, Native Americans and Europeans each struggled for their place on Ohio’s lands. These log forts played an instrumental part of Ohio’s early development and each has it’s own unique tale to tell.
Revolutionary War (1775-1783)
Although Ohio did not exist as a state during the time of the Revolutionary War, a man born between 1730 and 1765 who lived in Ohio later may have been granted Ohio land for his service for another state or for the Continental Army.
- United States, Revolutionary War Compiled Service Records, 1775-1783. Fold3 provided the free index for this collection on FamilySearch. Fees may apply for the links to Fold3's images.
- White, Virgil D. Genealogical Abstracts of the Revolutionary War Pension Files. Four Volumes. (Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1990.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 M28g.May give a veteran's name, age, birth date, marriage date, residence, names of relatives, unit, and service dates and places.
- United States, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications. The FamilySearch index is free but fees may apply to view images on Fold3. Also available on FHL film 970001 (first of 2670 films) and Ancestry.com ($)
- Revolutionary War Pensions (Access Genealogy)
- [.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4691 Revolutionary War Pension Index] at Ancestry.com ($)
The 1835 Pension Roll
On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see Revolutionary War Pension Records. The 1835 Pension Roll for Ohio, which includes Revolutionary War pensioners and heirs of War of 1812 casualties is available online:
- Report from the Secretary of War... Vol. III (Google Books)
- The Pension Roll of 1835, Vol. IV (Ancestry) ($)
- United States, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Applications
- Bounty Land Warrants for the U.S. Military District of Ohio
- Ohio Land and Property page is a good source for this information.
Rosters Specific to Ohio
- Daughters of the American Revolution, Ohio, Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in the State of Ohio. Three Volumes (Columbus, Ohio: F.J. Heer Printing, 1929-59.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL films 385013 and 928143 items 7–8; fiche 6046713; book 977.1 M23ad Digital version for all three volumes available through FHL catalog entry.
- Dailey, Mrs. Orville D. The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Who Lived in the State of Ohio: Volume 2, A-Z. (Columbus, Ohio: State Society DAR, State of Ohio, 1938?.) FHL film 195451.
- Daughters of the American Revolution of the State of Ohio, comp. Official Roster III, Soldiers of the American Revolution Who Lived in the State of Ohio. (Painesville, Ohio: Painesville Publishing, 1959.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL film 213051; book 977.1 M2of
War of 1812 (1812-1815)
- United States, War of 1812 Index to Service Records, 1812-1815
- Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War of 1812. 1916 
- United States, War of 1812 Index to Pension Application Files, 1812-1910
- War of 1812 Pension Application Files Index, 1812-1815 at Ancestry.com ($)
- Index to the Grave Records of Soldiers of the War of 1812 Buried in Ohio 
- Miller, Phyllis Brown, editor. Index to the Grave Records of Servicemen of the War of 1812, State of Ohio. Brockville, Ohio: Dillon’s Princely, 1988. (FHL book 977.1 V22u 1988; film 0496718 item 5.) (1969 edition FHL film 0496718 item 15.) This index includes the name, rank, unit, birth and death dates of each soldier and his wife, sources of information, and year of entry of the graves registration form into Daughters of 1812 records. This source indexes 5,197 grave registration forms submitted between 1937 and 1987 by members of the United States Daughters of 1812 in the state of Ohio.
- War of 1812, Prisoner of War Records, 1812-1815 at Ancestry.com ($)
- War of 1812 Papers, 1789-1815 at Ancestry.com ($)
Mexican War (1846-1848)
- Broglin, Jana Sloan and Ohio Genealogical Society, Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War with Mexico, 1846-1848. (Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1991.) Reprint of 1897 publication. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 977.1 M2or.
- WPA, Alphabetical index to Ohio official roster, Mexican War 1845, vol. 12 of Civil War edition Volume 12. (Akron, Ohio: Werner, 1886-1895.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL film 195488
- Index to Mexican War (1846) Records at the Ohio State Archives. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959.) FHL film 223771. Consists of microfilm of a card file at the Ohio State Archives which gives the name of each soldier's military unit.
- Ryan, Daniel J. "Ohio in the Mexican War." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society Publications. 1912, Volume 21, pages 277-295. Includes a section that tells when and where a company was raised and lists many of the officers in those companies. The Library does not have volume 21. Digitized version available at Internet Archive
Civil War (1861-1865)
See Ohio in the Civil War for information about Ohio Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Ohio regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.
The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.
By 1890, about 40 percent of the Civil War veterans were members of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR). The descriptive books of each GAR post usually indicate each member's name, age, rank, birthplace, residence, occupation, and enlistment and discharge information. Records of GAR posts and of other veteran organizations may be found in various libraries and archives throughout Ohio.
Spanish-American War (1898)
Muster-in and muster-out rolls are on 31 microfilms at the Family History Library.
- WPA The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899. (Columbus, Ohio: Edward T. Miller, 1916.) FHL film 195489.
- Broglin, Jana Sloan. Index to Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899. (Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1989.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 977.1 M22b.
- Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio. Muster In and Muster Out Rolls in the Spanish American War: . . . (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959, 1962.) FHL film 223766 (first film)
- Graden, Debra, comp. Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-99 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. Ancestry.com ($) Original data: Compiled under the direction of Frank B. Willis, Governor, Charles Q. Hildebrant, Secretary of State, and Benson W. Hough, Adjutant General. The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-99. Ft. Leavenworth, KS, USA: C.A.R.L. Library, 1916.
World War I (1917-1918)
Draft Registration Cards
- United States, Selective Service System. Ohio, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On 239 Family History Library films beginning with 1819504) These cards have been digitized and are searchable online at [RecordSearch|1968530|FamilySearch Historical Records.] See WWI Draft Records for more information.
- Service cards for Navy (eight films), Marine Corps (three films), out-of-state (four films), and regular service (76 films) are on films at the Family History Library.
- Service records for World War I and later wars are at the Adjutant General's Office (State House, Columbus, OH 43215
- Ohio Adjutant General's Office. The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the World War, 1917-1918. 22 Volumes. (Columbus, Ohio: F.J. Heer Printing, 1926-29.) FHL films 195413-35.
World War II (1941-1945)
U.S. World War II Army Enlistment Records, 1938-1946 at Ancestry.com ($)
- A series of books entitled "Young American Patriots", published shortly after the war, documented the service of soldiers from different states including Ohio. The series of books included photos and a short biography of some of the soldiers from the state.
Prisoners of War
- World War II Prisoners of the Japanese, 1941-1945 at Ancestry.com ($)
- World War II Prisoners of War, 1941-1946 at Ancestry.com ($)
Lists of dead and missing soldiers who served during World War II, arranged alphabetically by county.
- United States. War Department. World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing - State of Ohio, June 1946. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1960.) FHL film 213049.
- World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing Army and Army Air Forces Personnel from Ohio.
- Adjutant General's Office. World War II Honor List of Dead and Missing - State of Ohio. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1958.) FHL films 182702–93. A concerted effort has been made to locate the Ohio gravesites of veterans from all pre-1945 wars. The cards are arranged alphabetically.
- World War II Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Casualties, 1941-1943 at Ancestry.com ($)
- World War II and Korean Conflict Veterans Interred Overseas
- Roster of Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard, 1874-1917. 
- The History of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home at Xenia, Ohio This does not include the records.
Military service records are also found in the office of each county auditor and county recorder. The Family History Library has microfilms of discharge papers, dating from the Civil War to 1920 (some to 1970), for about half the counties in Ohio.
Information about prominent Ohio veterans and major military actions is in:
- Two Hundred Years: The Military History of Ohio. 
Many more useful sources are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:
- OHIO - MILITARY RECORDS
- OHIO - MILITARY RECORDS - [WAR]
- OHIO - MILITARY HISTORY
- OHIO - MILITARY HISTORY - [WAR]
- OHIO, [COUNTY] - MILITARY RECORDS
Online Military information for Ohio is located at:
- Revolutionary War Documents from Footnote
- Civil War Documents from Footnote
- Civil War Genealogy
- Civil War Records
- How to Trace Your US Military Ancestors
- Military Abbreviations Found on U.S. Grave Markers
- Military Records
- Military Tombstones
- National Archives
- Ohio Military Men 1917-1918
- Online Searchable Military Records & Databases for the USA.
- ↑ Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War of 1812. 1916. Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. (Family History Library book 977.1 M2r 1968; index, published list, and originals on films 195485-87; fiche 6104621 and 6051388.)
- ↑ Deifenbach, Josephine Conrad Zartman, comp. Index to the Grave Records of Soldiers of the War of 1812 Buried in Ohio. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1992. (Family History Library book 977.1 V22d; fiche 6100370.)
- ↑ Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. Roster of Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard, 1874-1917. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959. (Family History Library films 195453-66.)
- ↑ Hughes, Edward Wakefield. The History of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home at Xenia, Ohio. Ohio: Association of Ex-Pupils, 196? (Family History Library book 977.174/X1 J3h.)
- ↑ Two Hundred Years: The Military History of Ohio. New York, New York: H.H. Hardesty, 1886-7. (Family History Library book Q 977.1 M25ha or Q 977.1 M2m; film 874293.)