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The U.S. Military Records Research Page provides more information on federal military records and search strategies.

Contents

Forts

Forts dotted Ohio as settlers, Native Americans and Europeans each struggled for their place on Ohio’s lands. These log forts played an instrumental part of Ohio’s early development and each has it’s own unique tale to tell.

Revolutionary War (1775-1783)

Although Ohio did not exist as a state during the time of the Revolutionary War, a man born between 1730 and 1765 who lived in Ohio later may have been granted Ohio land for his service for another state or for the Continental Army.

Service Records

Pension Files

  • White, Virgil D. Genealogical Abstracts of the Revolutionary War Pension Files. Four Volumes. (Waynesboro, Tennessee: National Historical Publishing, 1990.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 973 M28g.May give a veteran's name, age, birth date, marriage date, residence, names of relatives, unit, and service dates and places.

The 1835 Pension Roll

On June 5, 1834, the U.S. Senate required the Secretary of War to submit a statement showing the names of pensioners who were on the pension rolls or had previously been on the pension rolls. For more information on the 1835 Pension Roll see Revolutionary War Pension Records. The 1835 Pension Roll for Ohio, which includes Revolutionary War pensioners and heirs of War of 1812 casualties is available online:

Land Warrants

Rosters Specific to Ohio

War of 1812 (1812-1815)

Service Records

Pension Records

Burial Records

  • Deifenbach, Josephine Conrad Zartman, comp. Index to the Grave Records of Soldiers of the War of 1812 Buried in Ohio. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1992.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL fiche 6100370; book 977.1 V22d
  • Miller, Phyllis Brown, editor. Index to the Grave Records of Servicemen of the War of 1812, State of Ohio. Brockville, Ohio: Dillon’s Princely, 1988. (FHL book 977.1 V22u 1988; film 0496718 item 5.) (1969 edition FHL film 0496718 item 15.) This index includes the name, rank, unit, birth and death dates of each soldier and his wife, sources of information, and year of entry of the graves registration form into Daughters of 1812 records. This source indexes 5,197 grave registration forms submitted between 1937 and 1987 by members of the United States Daughters of 1812 in the state of Ohio.

Other Records

Mexican War (1846-1848)

Rosters

  • Broglin, Jana Sloan and Ohio Genealogical Society, Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio in the War with Mexico, 1846-1848. (Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1991.) Reprint of 1897 publication. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 977.1 M2or.
  • WPA, Alphabetical index to Ohio official roster, Mexican War 1845, vol. 12 of Civil War edition Volume 12. (Akron, Ohio: Werner, 1886-1895.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL film 195488
  • Index to Mexican War (1846) Records at the Ohio State Archives. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959.) FHL film 223771. Consists of microfilm of a card file at the Ohio State Archives which gives the name of each soldier's military unit.
  • Ryan, Daniel J. "Ohio in the Mexican War." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society Publications. 1912, Volume 21, pages 277-295. Includes a section that tells when and where a company was raised and lists many of the officers in those companies. The Library does not have volume 21. Digitized version available at Internet Archive

Pension Records

Civil War (1861-1865)

127th Ohio Volunteer Infantry

See Ohio in the Civil War for information about Ohio Civil War records, web sites, etc. with links to articles about the Ohio regiments involved in the Civil War. The regimental pages often include lists of the companies with links to the counties where the companies started. Men in the companies often lived in the counties where the companies were raised. Knowing a county can help when researching more about the soldiers and their families.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System allows name searching for soldiers. The result set gives the regiments for the soldiers. Then you can check the Wiki regiment pages to determine counties. Often knowing the counties that had men in a regiment will help you determine if a soldier was your ancestor.

By 1890, about 40 percent of the Civil War veterans were members of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR). The descriptive books of each GAR post usually indicate each member's name, age, rank, birthplace, residence, occupation, and enlistment and discharge information. Records of GAR posts and of other veteran organizations may be found in various libraries and archives throughout Ohio.

Spanish-American War (1898)

Rosters

Muster-in and muster-out rolls are on 31 microfilms at the Family History Library.

  • WPA The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899. (Columbus, Ohio: Edward T. Miller, 1916.) FHL film 195489.
  • Broglin, Jana Sloan. Index to Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-1899. (Mansfield, Ohio: Ohio Genealogical Society, 1989.) At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL book 977.1 M22b.
  • Official Roster of the Soldiers of the State of Ohio. Muster In and Muster Out Rolls in the Spanish American War: . . . (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959, 1962.) FHL film 223766 (first film)
  • Graden, Debra, comp. Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-99 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2000. Ancestry.com ($) Original data: Compiled under the direction of Frank B. Willis, Governor, Charles Q. Hildebrant, Secretary of State, and Benson W. Hough, Adjutant General. The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers in the War with Spain, 1898-99. Ft. Leavenworth, KS, USA: C.A.R.L. Library, 1916.

World War I (1917-1918)

Draft Registration Cards

  • United States, Selective Service System. Ohio, World War I Selective Service System Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1987-1988. (On 239 Family History Library films beginning with 1819504) These cards have been digitized and are searchable online at [RecordSearch|1968530|FamilySearch Historical Records.] See WWI Draft Records for more information.

Service Records

  • Service cards for Navy (eight films), Marine Corps (three films), out-of-state (four films), and regular service (76 films) are on films at the Family History Library.
Ohio Military Records

Roster

  • Ohio Adjutant General's Office. The Official Roster of Ohio Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines in the World War, 1917-1918. 22 Volumes. (Columbus, Ohio: F.J. Heer Printing, 1926-29.) FHL films 195413-35.

World War II (1941-1945)

Registration Records

Biographies

  • A series of books entitled "Young American Patriots", published shortly after the war, documented the service of soldiers from different states including Ohio. The series of books included photos and a short biography of some of the soldiers from the state.

Prisoners of War

Casualties

Additional Records

  • Ohio. Adjutant General's Office. Roster of Soldiers of the Ohio National Guard, 1874-1917. (Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1959.) FHL films 195453–66.
  • Edward Wakefield. The History of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home at Xenia, Ohio. (Ohio: Association of Ex-Pupils, 196?) At various libraries (WorldCat); {{FHL|707990|item|disp=FHL book 977.174/X1 J3h.) This does not include the records.
  • Military service records are also found in the office of each county auditor and county recorder. The Family History Library has microfilms of discharge papers, dating from the Civil War to 1920 (some to 1970), for about half the counties in Ohio.
  • Many more useful sources are listed in the Family History Library Catalog under:
OHIO - MILITARY RECORDS
OHIO - MILITARY RECORDS - [WAR]
OHIO - MILITARY HISTORY
OHIO - MILITARY HISTORY - [WAR]
OHIO, [COUNTY] - MILITARY RECORDS

Websites

Online Military information for Ohio is located at:

References



 

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