Oneida County, New York

From FamilySearch Wiki

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==== Land and Property  ====
 
==== Land and Property  ====
  
Original deeds in {{PAGENAME}} county began in 1791. Deeds 1791–1885 are housed at the [http://ocgov.net/oneida/historicalrecords B–1 Records Center ]in Utica. &nbsp;Deed records 1886–present are housed at the [[Oneida County, New York Courthouse|County Clerk's Office]].<br>{{NYLand|Oneida|618227}}  
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Original deeds in {{PAGENAME}} county began in 1791. Deeds 1791–1885 are housed at the [http://ocgov.net/oneida/historicalrecords B–1 Records Center ]in Utica. &nbsp;Deed records 1886–present are housed at the [[Oneida County, New York Courthouse|County Clerk's Office]].<br>{{NYLand}}<br>
  
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''Online Land Databases''
 
*''George Washington: His Land Purchases Made the Empire State''. Utica, N.Y.: n.p., 1931?. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=13093 Ancestry] ($).
 
*''George Washington: His Land Purchases Made the Empire State''. Utica, N.Y.: n.p., 1931?. Digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=13093 Ancestry] ($).
  
{{NY FHLC Land|618227}}
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''Original Land Records''
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{{NYLandB|Oneida+county|618227}}
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====

Revision as of 00:00, 6 January 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png New York Gotoarrow.png Oneida County

This page describes sources of genealogical data about Oneida County, New York families, including links to smaller localities in the county. New York-related pages show useful statewide sources. United States pages explain the terminology and contents of genealogical records.

Oneida County, New York
Map
Map of New York highlighting Oneida County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
Location of New York in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 15, 1798
County Seat Utica
Courthouse
Ny-oneida-ch-rome.jpg
Address 800 Park Avenua
Utica, New York 13501
Oneida County Website

Contents

Historical Facts

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Oneida County, New York

Parent County

15 March 1798: Created from Herkimer County. [1]

Neighboring Counties

Herkimer | Lewis | Madison | Onondaga | Oswego | Otsego[2]

Boundary Changes

  • 1801: Part taken to add to Clinton County.
  • 1804: Part taken to add to Chenango County
  • 28 March 1805: Jefferson and Lewis counties set off.
  • 1 March 1816: Oswego County set off
  • 1836: A part taken from Madison County to add to the county.

Record Loss

Resources

Bible Records

  • 1581–1917 New York, Family Bible Records at Ancestry– ($); Index. Database is a collection of genealogically important records taken from the Bibles of colony and state residents. Reveals the Bible's original owner, brief record of descendants,and a particular event such as birth or marriage as recorded in Bible.

Biography

Business Records and Commerce

Cemeteries (Rural)

For cemeteries within or nearest to these populated places, please refer to them.

Cemetery records often reveal birth, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories
Findagrave.com* Family History Library* Findagrave.com*
Interment.net* WorldCat* Tombstone Transcription Project*
Cemetery Site*   NYGenWeb Cemeteries*
New York Gravestones*   epodunk*
NYGenWeb Cemeteries*   Billion Graves*
Billion Graves*   Names in Stone*
Names in Stone*    
Linkpendium*    
Ancestry*    
   *See the New York Cemeteries page for details about each site.

Census

For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see New York Census.

Federal

U.S. Census Mortality Schedules for New York, 1850-1880:

  • Available online at Ancestry ($).
  • Deaths are included for the 12 months prior to the census, 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, and 1879-80 beginning 1 June and ending 31 May of the census year.[3]
  • Basic contents of the records include: Name, sex, age, color, marital status, place of birth, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. 1870 also has parents' birthplace. 1880 lists how long a resident of the county.
  • Also on FHL Films 1415128–42 which can be ordered through any Family History Center.
State
Source 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Family History Library - Yes Index - Yes Index Yes P-Index Yes P-Index - - Yes Yes
FamilySearch Historical Records - - - - Yes Yes - Yes - -
New York State Library - - - - - - - - Yes Yes
Ancestry.com - - - - - - - - - -
  • P-Index is only partial index

New York State 1865 and 1875 Census Marriage, Mortality; and 1865 Soldier Mortality records:

  • Images available online at New York State Census, 1865 and New York State Census, 1875. Click on the link to go to the page, then click on the ‘Browse through images’ link and select your county, then select an ancestor's town and browse to the end of the population schedule until you find the Marriage, Mortality, and 1865 soldier mortality schedules.
  • Includes marriages and deaths for the 12 months prior to the census, ending 1 June of the census year.
  • Marriage entry content: Husband's name, wife's name, ages and previous marital status, month and day and place of marriage, and church or civil ceremony.
  • Death entry content: Name, age, sex, color, marital status, month and day of death, native state or country, occupation and cause of death.
  • 1865 deaths of officers and enlisted men entry content: Name, age, marital status, citizenship status, enlistment date, original regiment, original rank, regiment at death, rank at death, promotions, death date and place, manner of death, surviving associates, and burial place.
  • Also on microfilm. See the Family History Library line in the above State Census Chart. These can be ordered through any Family History Center.

Church Records

Church records are good substitutes for birth, marriage, and death information and are most often found on a local city/town or county level.  Published and manuscript church records can be found at public, university, and private libraries.

For a brief general history of denominations and a guide to finding various New York denomination's records, see New York Church Records Wiki page.

The NYGenWeb references mentioned below are found on their website categorized as either Birth, Marriage, Death, Miscellaneous, or Town records.

Court Records

Ancestors may have also been involved in municipal, state, or federal court cases. See also New York Court Records and United States Court Records.

Crime and Criminals

Directories

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups

Gazetteers

Genealogy

History

Land and Property

Original deeds in Oneida County, New York county began in 1791. Deeds 1791–1885 are housed at the B–1 Records Center in Utica.  Deed records 1886–present are housed at the County Clerk's Office.
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New York Land and Property for more details, especially about the papers generated in New York State by large speculative land companies.

Online Land Databases

  • George Washington: His Land Purchases Made the Empire State. Utica, N.Y.: n.p., 1931?. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Original Land Records


Additional land records can sometimes be found using these catalogs:

Maps

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Oneida County for European settlers included:[4]

Military

Civil War

Town registers. The New York town clerks kept a bound register of all soldiers from their town serving in the Civil War 1861-1865. Registers are arranged by county, and town. Some town registers are missing. The registers include an index at the start of each town.

Content. Many register entries include full name, residence, date and place of birth, parents names, marital status, date of enlistment and muster and rank, discharges, death, or promotion.

Access. The original registers are at the New York State Archives in Albany, New York. Microfilm copies are found at the Family History Library (FHL Film 1993401-37) and can be ordered for viewing at your local Family History Center. They are also indexed and available at Ancestry.com ($).

Available towns. Registers are available for: Annsville · Augusta · Bridgewater · Florence · Floyd · Marcy · Marshall · Remsen · Rome · Sangerfield · Steuben · Trenton · Vernon · Verona · Vienna · Westmoreland · Whitestown.

Regiments Service men in Oneida County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Oneida County:[6]

- 117th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 141st Regiment, New York Infantry
- 146th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 161st Regiment, New York Infantry
- 164th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 189th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 192nd Regiment, New York Infantry
- Oneida Independent Company, New York Cavalry

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Grimes, Marilla R. Some Newspaper References to Irish Immigrants in Oneida Co. New York. Death notices of Irish Immigrants in various newspapers within Oneida Co. New York State. covering years 1825-1865 The Irish Ancestor, vol.VI. no.2. 1974, page97-98. Family History Library Ref. 941.5 B2i v5-6

Obituaries

Periodicals

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Probate Records

Probate Petitions

In 1830, state law required the Surrogate Court clerk to issue a probate petition for a deceased individual with property. This petition, unique to New York, usually lists the deceased's death date. It also lists the heirs, their relationship to the deceased, and their residence. [7] [8]

These petitions are often found in the estate files and can be obtained from the Oneida County Surrogate Court.
The petitions for Oneida County, New York are also available on microfilm at the Family History Library and its centers:

Abstracts

  • 1798-1848 - Barber, Gertrude A. Abstracts of Wills of Oneida County, N.Y.: Copied from the Original Records at the Surrogate's Office, Utica, N.Y. 6 vols. 1939. Digital version at Ancestry ($); NYGenWeb (free).

Indexes

  • 1798-1900 - SAMPUBCO Browsable index of testators of wills.

Repositories

Cornell University, Guide to Historical Resources in Oneida County, New York Repositories. ([Ithaca, New York]: New York Historical Resources Center, Olin Library, Cornell University, 1983). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.762 A3g. Includes index. Includes references to some family histories and genealogies.

Archives, Libraries and Museums

Utica Public Library
303 Genesee St.
Utica, NY 13501
315-735-2279
Mon, Wed, Thu 2-4; Tue, Fri 12-2

Genealogical resources: Ancestry.com, censuses, obituaries, cemeteries, city directories, newspapers, telephone directories, published family histories. A look-up service for Oneida County obituaries is available for a fee.

Jervis Public Library
613 North Washington Street
Rome, New York 13440-4296
Phone: 315–336-4570

Genealogical resources: Ancestry.com, censuses, obituaries, cemeteries, city directories, newspapers, telephone directories, published family histories. A look-up service for Rome and Oneida County records is available for a fee. Local Records Inventory

Waterville Public Library
206 White Street
Waterville, NY 13480
Phone: 315–841–4651
Hours: Monday, Wednesday and Friday: 10am-5:30pm;Tuesday and Thursday: 2pm - 8pm; Saturday: 10am-2pm
E–mail: director@watervillepubliclibrary.org

Genealogical resources: Ancestry.com, censuses, obituaries, cemeteries, city directories, newspapers, telephone directories, published family histories. Online resources including Waterville Times Obituary Index 1856–1895.

MidYork Library System

Links to Oneida County libraries included in the system

Courthouses

The Oneida County Clerk's office has divorce, court, and land records. The Surrogate Court has probate records. For further information about where the records for Oneida County are held, see the Oneida County Courthouse page.


Family History Centers

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FHC for Oneida County, New York is the Utica New York Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.

Societies

Central New York Genealogical Society[10]
Box 104, Calvin Station
Syracuse, New York 13205
E-mail: CNYSG@yahoo.com

Member queries; surname research list; online resources; six meetings/year; publishes Tree Talks (At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 B2t) quarterly with annual index.
Counties served: Albany, Allegany, Broome, Cattaraugus, Cayuga, Chautauqua, Chemung, Chenango, Clinton, Columbia, Cortland, Delaware, Erie, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Genesee, Greene, Hamilton, Herkimer, Jefferson, Lewis, Livingston, Madison, Monroe, Montgomery, Niagara,Oneida, Onondaga, Ontario, Orange, Oreleans, Oswego, Otsego, Rensselaer, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Schenectady, Schoharie, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tioga, Tompkins, Washington, Wayne, Warren, Wyoming, and Yates.

Oneida County Historical Society
1608 Genesee Street
Utica, NY 13502
Phone: 315-735-3642
Summer Hours of Operation: Monday - 1pm - 8pm, and Tuesday –Friday 10am – 4pm. Closed Saturday and Sunday

Rome Historical Society
200 Church St
Rome, NY 13440
Phone: 315-336-5870
Hours: Tuesday–Thursday 10 a.m.–4 p.m., Firday 10 a.m.–3 p.m., Closed Saturday–Monday.

William E. Scripture Memorial Library of the Rome Historical Society
The library offers a wealth of historical and genealogical information with extensive information about local people and businesses. Hard-to-find and out-of-print books line the shelves and focus on the early history of the region as well as more recent accounts of life in and around Rome.

Social Groups Online

Taxation

Town Records

Town records in New York may include early births, marriages, deaths, divorces, local histories, selected military records, and town meeting minutes. For further details, try the links to individual town Wiki pages found in Places. See also:

  • Gordon L. Remington, New York Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002). NEHGS online edition; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 D27r. Alphabetical list including date founded, if a town history exists, church and cemetery sources, and if a Civil War register (TCR) exists.


Vital Records

Vital records of birth, marriage or death were first recorded at the local level in the village clerk, town clerk, or city clerk’s ledger book. If you know where a birth, marriage or death took place, a copy of the certificate or record may be obtained by writing to the town, village or city clerk. See also How to order New York Vital Records or order electronically online.

See the heading Places on this wiki page for links to local community wiki pages and their available records. See New York Vital Records for a discussion about beginning dates and availability of vital records in New York.

Use substitute records for birth, marriage, and death information. These substitute records include Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.

Birth

Early births were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording births in 1881. Births were not recorded on the county level.

Birth Substitutes

Marriage

Early marriages were sometimes recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) In 1880, town clerks were to record the marriage and a copy was sent to the New York State Department of Health (state level). Town clerks continue to record marriages. Marriages were recorded by the Oneida County clerk starting in 1908 and go until 1935.

  • 1847–1849 Licenses FHL film 381743. Also includes one license in 1870, 1878, and 1887.

Marriage Substitutes

  • 1800–1855 New York Marriage Notices at Ancestry– ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage notices published in newspapers around the state. Contains name of bride and groom, marriage date, marriage location, residence, and newspaper found in.
  • 1808–1850 Fred Q.Bowman, 7000 Hudson-Mohawk Valley, (NY), Vital Records, 1808-1850 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1997). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.7 V2bo. Abstracts from newspapers filed at the New York State Library in Albany.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Marriage Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for marriage information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.

Pre–1787

All divorces were granted by the governor or legislature and were very rare.

1787–1847

All divorces were granted by the court of chancery. These records are found in the New York State Archives or for the New York City area at the New York County Clerk's office.These divorces were granted only on the grounds of adultery.

1847–present

All divorces are handled by the county Supreme Court where the divorce was granted. Divorce files in New York are sealed for 100 years. Contact the County Clerk for information about divorce records.

Divorce judgment papers often include date and place of the marriage and the names and birthdates of any children. Local newspapers may publish notices of divorce actions.

Death

Early deaths were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording deaths in 1881. Deaths were not recorded on the county level.

Death Substitutes

  • 1808–1850 Fred Q.Bowman, 7000 Hudson-Mohawk Valley, (NY), Vital Records, 1808-1850 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1997). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.7 V2bo. Abstracts from newspapers filed at the New York State Library in Albany.
  • 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 See Mortality Schedule information in the Federal Census section of Census for death information.
  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for death information.

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Oneida County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the New York, Oneida– Vital Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Voting Registers

Places

Web Sites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 490. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook, 478.
  3. Arlene Eakle, and Johni Cerni, The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1984), 103. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27ts.
  4. Handybook, 847-61.
  5. Compare the more northerly route in Handybook, 849, with the more southerly route described in Wikipedia contributors, "New York State Route 5" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_State_Route_5 (accessed 28 June 2011).
  6. Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912). Internet Archive digital copy; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Film 1486494-96; Fiche 6083559-64; Book 974.7 M2p.
  7. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 479. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  8. Henry B. Hoff, "Navigating New York Probate," American Ancestors 12 (Fall 2011): 57.
  9. About Abstracts of Wills, Admins. and Guardianships in NY State, 1787-1835 at New York Ancestors, accessed 8 December 2011, http://newyorkancestors.org/.
  10. Central New York Genealogical Society at http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nycnygs/index.htm (accessed 1 November 2011).