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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Tennessee  Gotoarrow.png  Polk County

East Tennessee county. Established 1839.

Location of Polk County
Polk County Boundary Map

Contents

Quick Dates

Polk County's civil records start the following years:[1]

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1908 1894  1908  1880  1894 1873 

County Courthouse

Polk County Courthouse, Benton, Tenn.
Polk County Courthouse
6239 Highway 411
Benton, TN 37307
Phone: 1-423-338-4522


Polk County Clerk
Marriage and probate records
P.O. Box 158
6239 Hwy 411, #102
Benton, TN 37307
Phone: 1-423-338-4526

Polk County Register of Deeds
Land records
P.O. Box 293
6239 Hwy 411
Benton, TN 37307
Phone: 1-423-338-3100

Polk County Clerk of Court
Court records
P.O. Box 256
6239 Highway 411
Benton, TN 37307
Phone: 1-423-338-4524

Hours:
Mon.-Fri. 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.  

History

President James Knox Polk (1795-1849)

The county is named after President James Knox Polk (1795-1849).[2]

Parent County

1839--Polk County was established 28 November 1839 from McMinn and Bradley Counties. Early records may be found under McMinn and Bradley Counties.
County seat: Benton [3]

County Pronunciation

Hear it spoken Sound.png[4]

Did we get the accent right? If not, contact Nathan W. Murphy, murphynw@familysearch.org.

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1895, 1935--Fires damaged records

  • Lost census: 1890
  • Lost deeds: 1839 to 1893
  • Lost marriages: 1839 to 1893
  • Lost probate: 1839 to 1872

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Apalachia Coletown Maggies Mill Postelle
Archville Columbus (hist.) McAllister Hill Probst
Austral Conasauga McFarland Reesetown
Ball Play Copperhill McGeetown Reliance
Belltown Delano McHarg Rymers
Belltown Hill Ducktown Newtown Servilla
Benton Farner Oak Grove Staffordtown
Benton Springs Fetzerton (hist.) Ocoee Stewardtown
Benton Station Grassy Creek Old Patty Sylco
Boonville (hist.) Grief (hist.) Oldfort Towee
Camp Ocoee Hambright Parksville Turtletown
Caney Creek Harbuck Patterson Mill Wetmore
Chable (hist.) Isabella Patty Willis Springs
Chanceytown Linsdale Pine Ridge

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Research Guides

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.  Both should be used:

Cemeteries

Tennessee cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation. 


  • Find A Grave can be searched by the name of a person or family to find where a person is buried.  Usually gives birth and death dates often with a picture of the tombstone.  May give obituaries, names of family members and links to their information in Find A Grave.
  • Polk Co. TN Cemetery Records, part of the TNGenWeb Cemetery Database, lists many cemeteries in the county, often with indexes and transcripts of the burials.
  • Information on Polk County cemeteries, originally published in the Polk County Historical and Genealogical Quarterly, is available online, courtesy: TNGenWeb.
  • Inscriptions of Polk County, Tennessee Cemeteries. Free Lookups Available!

Census

1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population censuses of Polk County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

1840

1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners

1850

1850 Agricultural Census

  • Green, Linda L. Tennessee 1850 Agricultural Census. 2 vols. Woodbridge, Va.: L.L. Green, 2000. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2g v. 1 ff. [Polk County is included in Vol. 1.]

1860

1870

1880

  • Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. 1880 Census, Polk County, Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: Byron Sistler & Associates, 1991. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8875 X2s 1880. Free Lookups Available!

1900

  • Polk County Historical & Genealogical Society. Polk County, Tennessee 1900 U.S. Census. Benton, Tenn.: Polk County Historical and Genealogical Society, 2000. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8875 X2p 1900.

1910

  • Polk County Historical & Genealogical Society. Polk County, Tennessee 1910 U.S. Census. Benton, Tenn.: Polk County Historical and Genealogical Society, 2000. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8875 X2p 1910.

1920

1930

  • Presswood, Marian Bailey and Jo Ann Finnell. Polk County 1930 U.S. Census. Benton, Tenn.: Polk County Historical and Genealogical Society, 2003. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8875 X2p 1930.

Church

Church records include baptisms, marriages and burials, as well as information about family members and clues about family migration.  For additional information about church records, religions, and religious archives in Tennessee, see Tennessee Church Records.

  • Polk County Church Records
- Family History Library Catalog - Polk County Church Records
  • Church histories tell when a church started in the area, who the early members were, give data about church leaders, etc.
- Family History Library Catalog - Polk County Church History
  • If the records you need are not through the Family History Library, contact the church(es) in the area where your ancestor lived.  Two sites that give information about churches in Polk County are:
- List of Polk County churches with addresses and phone numbers (Yellowbook)
- List of Polk County churches (TN HomeTownLocator)

Baptist

  • [1879-1943] Old Friendship Baptist Church Records. Polk County, 1879-1943TSLA Reel #348 FHL 840019
  • [1879-1900] Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. Vital Statistics from 19th Century Tennessee Church Records. Nashville: Sitler and Associates, 1979. FHL 976.8 K29s vol.1   Index to original Old Friendship Baptist Church Records. Polk County, 1879-1943.

Court

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Polk County residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.

Family Histories

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]

General

  • The Heritage of Polk County, Tennessee, 1839-1997. Benton, Tenn.: Polk County Historical and Genealogical Society (Tennessee), 1997. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8875 H2h.

Bibliography

  • [Baily] Baily Family Bible Records, ca. 1838-1958. MSS., FHL US/CAN Film 1697633 Item 8.
  • [Barnes] See Longley.
  • [Cantrell] See Longley.
  • [Curd]
  • [Hildebrand] Clemmer, Sudie, J.D. Clemmer, and George F. Mellen. Nancy Ward and the Hildebrand Family of Polk County, Tennessee: Reprinted Newspaper Clippings from the J.D. Clemmer Scrapbooks. Benton, Tenn.: Polk County News, 1962. FHL US/CAN Film 908921 Item 7.
  • [Hood] Hood, Dellmann Osborne. The Tunis Hood Family. Portland, OR: Metropolitan Press, 1960. Available at FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 H761h; digital version at Heritage Quest Online ($).
  • [Land] Land, Barbara and Gary Land. The Land's & the Staige's. 2 vols. [Ukiah, Calif.: B. & G. Land], 1994. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 L299L ff.
  • [Langley] See Longley.
  • [Longley] Matthews, Addah Longley. Genealogy, Curd-Longley, Cantrell-Barnes. North Newton, KS: Mennonite Press, 1966. Available at FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 C922g; digital version at Heritage Quest Online ($).
  • [Quintrell] Quintrell: Family Bible Records, 1830-1941. MSS., FHL US/CAN Film 1307616 Item 61.
  • [Ward] Bell, Annie W.B. Military and Genealogical Records of the Famous Indian Woman Nancy Ward. Typescript, 1961. FHL US/CAN Film 875418 Item 2.
  • [Ward] Clemmer, Sudie, J.D. Clemmer, and George F. Mellen. Nancy Ward and the Hildebrand Family of Polk County, Tennessee: Reprinted Newspaper Clippings from the J.D. Clemmer Scrapbooks. Benton, Tenn.: Polk County News, 1962. FHL US/CAN Film 908921 Item 7.
  • [Ward] Holland, Hubert G. Nancy Ward A/K/A Cherokee Rose and Beloved Woman. Typescript, FHL US/CAN Film 1750757 Item 14.
  • [Whitson] McDuffee, Ted Ransom. Duff to McDuffee on One Leaf: The Family History James H. Duff-McDuffee and Nancy Ann Whitson with Ancestors and Descendants. Knoxville, Tenn.: Tennessee Valley Pub., 1999. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 D873m.
  • [Young] Stein, Carl F. Some Descendents of James Pickens Young 1815: of Polk, Rhea, Hamilton, Blount, & Knox Counties, Tenn., Cherokee, & Gaston Counties, North Carolina. Family Group Sheets. FHL US/CAN Film 2055385 Item 2.

Land

Early Polk County Deed Books are lost. In 1970, TSLA microfilmed surviving Deed Books 1 to 10 (1897 to 1911), Trust Deed Books 1 to 4 (1894-1911) and a General Index (1897-1938). FHL copies: FHL US/CAN Films 1012141-1012149.

Law and Legislation

  • Tennessee State Library and Archives, Acts of Tennessee 1796-1850: Index to Names. January 25, 2005. [In addition to creating new laws, legislative acts were often required to obtain a divorce, grant legitimacy to a child, or for appointments to or grant payments for public service.] TSLA has created an index to names that appear in these acts covering the years 1796 to 1850. To read more about this valuable resource Click here. The searchable index is available at TSLA; another version is available at World Vital Records.

Local Histories

Maps

Military

Revolutionary War

The following Polk County Revolutionary War records are available online through TNGenWeb:

Additional resources include:

War of 1812

  • Embry, Hermione D. "War of 1812 - Tennessee Pensioners on List - January 2, 1883," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Apr. 1961):49-52. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2a v. 8 (1961); digital version at journal website. [Includes Polk County pensioners (p. 50).]

Civil War

Newspapers

A local volunteer through Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness is willing to do free obituary lookups in Polk County newspapers.

Many Tennessee newspapers are filmed and available at TSLA. Most of these newspapers may be accessed by interlibrary loan to libraries within Tennessee, although there are some newspapers which are not available in or outside of Tennessee. For further information regarding interlibrary loan policies and newspapers not available for interlibrary loan click here. For a list of newspapers available at the archives for Polk County click on the following cities or towns:

Occupations

  • Miller, Alan N. East Tennessee's Forgotten Children: Apprentices from 1778 to 1911. Baltimore, Md.: Printed for Clearfield Company, Inc., by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2000. FHL US/CAN 976.8 U2m. Digital version at World Vital Records ($). Purchase at Genealogical.com. [Includes Polk County.]

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers who are new to their area would not likely discover. This type of material may be found in local, regional, or statewide genealogical society journals. The following periodicals cover this county:

Ansearchin' News
Genealogical articles with abstracts of records of Polk County, Tennessee have been published in Ansearchin' News, the quarterly magazine of the Tennessee Genealogical Society. To view a list of these articles, visit their county index. To read digitized versions of the first 36 years of articles (Vols. 1-36), browse their archive or conduct a surname search. The Family History Library has a complete collection of the Ansearchin' News quarterly FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2a.
East Tennessee Roots
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Polk County, Tennessee records have been published in East Tennessee Roots (10 vols.). A subject index to these articles is available online. Surname indexes to Volumes 9 and 10 are also available online. The Family History Library has collected most issues of East Tennessee Roots FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 D25e.
The Pellissippian
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Polk County, Tennessee records were published in the The Pellissippian (25 vols., 1980-2004), the quarterly of the Pellissippi Genealogical and Historical Society. The society has posted tables of contents for all 25 volumes on their website. They also have back issues available for purchase. The Family History Library has acquired the first 20 volumes FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 D25p.
Polk County Historical and Genealogical Society Quarterly and Newsletter
This quarterly has been in publication since 1995. For more information, visit the society's website. Most issues are available at the Family History Library: FHL US/CAN Book 976.8875 D25p.
Index found in PERIodical Source Index (PERSI)
Digital version of volume 12 available at BYU Family History Archives.

Prisons

Learn if your Polk County ancestors went to prison!

Probate

Taxation

The original Polk County Tax Books 1893-1902 were microfilmed by TSLA in 1970. Copies of their films are also available at the Family History Library: FHL US/CAN Films 1012150-1012151.

Vital Records

Marriage

The original Polk County marriage records are kept at the County Courthouse. In 1970, TSLA microfilmed Marriage Books 1 to 18 (1894-1970). FHL copies: FHL US/CAN Films 840021-840023, 1013614, 1012138-1012139.

Polk County's marriage records have been abstracted multiple times. As a guide to lead you back to the original sources, Blankenship's book surpasses the others for the early years, as she cites original volume and page numbers. The following is a list of these publications:

  • [1894-1907] Jones, Viola H. Marriage Records, Polk County, Tennessee, 1894 through 1907: Recorded in Volumes 1, 2, 3. Louisville, Tenn.: V.H. Jones, 1987. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8875 V2j. [Abstracts names of brides, grooms, and officiators, along with marriage dates.]
  • [1894-1907] Blankenship, Nelly M. Polk County Marriages: Vol. 4 Sept. 1894 - Sept. 1907, v. 1 - 4. Murfreesboro, Tenn.: F.M. Blankenship, 1992. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8875 V28b. [Abstracts names of brides, grooms, officiators, and bondsmen, dates of marriage, along with volume and page numbers and "extra" information.]
  • [1894-1970] Poteet-Pitts, Jennie Vee. Polk County, Tennessee Marriages 1894 through 1970. Louisville, Tenn.: V.H. Jones, 1995. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8875 V28p. Free Lookups Available! [Abstracts names of brides, grooms, and officiators, along with marriage dates for early marriages; greater detail for more recent marriages, including volume and page numbers.]
Divorce

In 1940 and 1941, W.P.A. workers pinpointed the location of Polk County divorce papers in diverse County Courthouse records, see:

  • W.P.A. Guide to Public Vital Statistics in Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: The Tennessee Historical Records Survey, 1941. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 A3gp.
Death

For deaths of Methodists in Polk County between the 1830s and the 1920s, try:

Societies and Libraries

A local volunteer, through Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness, offers to do genealogy lookups and make photocopies at Polk County's public library.

Polk County Historical & Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 636
Benton, TN 37307

East Tennessee Historical Society
601 S. Gay St.
P.O. Box 1629
Knoxville, Tennessee 37901-1629
Phone: 1-865-215-8824
E-mail: eths@east-tennessee-history.org

Benton Public Library
Hwy 411
Benton, TN 37307
Phone: 1-423-338-4536

Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Polk County, Tennessee

References

  1. Guide to Public Vital Statistics in Tennessee. Nashville, Tenn.: The Tennessee Historical Records Survey (W.P.A.), 1941; "Earliest County Records," Tennessee State Library and Archives.
  2. "List of counties in Tennessee", Wikipedia.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002), 643.
  4. Voice of Gene Black, FamilySearch employee, former resident of Bristol, Tenn. (2010).

 

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