Queens County, New York

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(templated probate)
(Add museum info)
Line 319: Line 319:
 
| width="40%" valign="top" |  '''Genealogical resources:''' history of 20th Century New York City
 
| width="40%" valign="top" |  '''Genealogical resources:''' history of 20th Century New York City
 
|}
 
|}
 +
 +
Museums<br>[http://queensfarm.org/ Queens County Farm Museum]<br>73-50 Little Neck Parkway<br>Floral Park, NY 11004-1129<br>Phone: (718) 347-3276<br>E-mail: info@queensfarm.org
 +
 +
Hours:<br>Daily-Year-round (outdoor visiting only): 10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.<br>Saturday and Sunday (Farmhouse Tours and shops): 12-4 January - March
  
 
===== Borough Registrar  =====
 
===== Borough Registrar  =====

Revision as of 18:39, 17 January 2012

United States Gotoarrow.png New York Gotoarrow.png New York City Gotoarrow.png Queens County

This page describes sources of genealogical data about Queens County, New York families, including links to smaller localities in the county. New York-related pages show useful statewide sources. United States pages explain the terminology and contents of genealogical records.

Officially the Borough of Queens is one of five boroughs of greater New York City since 1898. The county is coterminous with the Borough of Queens (meaning they have identical borders.)

Queens County, New York
Map
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
Location of New York in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1683
County Seat
Courthouse
Ny-queens-ch.jpg
Address 120-55 Queens Boulevard
Kew Gardens, NY 11424
Queens Borough Website

Contents

Historical Facts

Parent County

1683 The Elmhurst part of Queens was created part of the original Queens County from the West Riding of Yorkshire in the Province of New York, earlier part of New Netherland. The remainder of modern Queens County (including modern Nassau County) was created at the same time from the North Riding of Yorkshire.[1] [2] [3][[Image:Template:Queemap]]

Neighboring Counties

Bronx | Kings (Brooklyn) | Nassau | New York (Manhattan) | Westchester County, New York | New Jersey Counties: Middlesex | Monmouth[4]

Boundary Changes

1664 Yorkshire became the first large government unit (not actually a county) organized by New York after the English took control from the Netherlands. It was divided into three ridings including West Riding (Staten Island, Brooklyn, and the Elmhurst part of Queens), and North Riding (Westchester, Bronx, New York (Manhattan), Nassau and the rest of Queens counties).[2] [3]
1683 New York extinguished Yorkshire, creating Queens County (including later Nassau County) from part of Yorkshire.[2] [3]
1691 Brother Islands and Rikers Island attached to Queens.[3]
1768 Islands in Long Island Sound attached to Queens.[3]
1881 North Brother Island was lost to New York County.[3]
1884 Rikers Island was lost to New York County.[3]
1898 What became the five boroughs were consolidated into New York City, and her county governments were dissolved. Queens joined New York City as the Borough of Queens.[5]
1899 Part of Queens was used to create Nassau County.[3] [5]
1964 South Brother Island was lost to the Bronx.[3]

Towns. From 1683 until 1784, Queens County consisted of five towns: Flushing, Hempstead, Jamaica, Newtown, and Oyster Bay. On April 6, 1784, a sixth town, the Town of North Hempstead, was formed through secession by the northern portions of the Town of Hempstead.

The county seat was located first in Jamaica, but the courthouse was torn down by the British during the American Revolution to use the materials to build barracks. After the war, various buildings in Jamaica temporarily served as courthouse and jail until a new building was erected about 1787 (and later completed) in an area near Mineola (now in Nassau County) known then as Clowesville.

  • 1870: Long Island City split from Newtown, becoming a city consisting of Astoria and some unincorporated areas of Newtown.
  • Around 1874: the seat of county government was moved to Long Island City from Mineola.
  • 1885: Lloyd Neck, which was part of the Town of Oyster Bay and was earlier known as Queens Village, seceded from Queens and became part of the Town of Huntington in Suffolk County.

Record Loss

Resources

Bible Records

  • 1581–1917 New York, Family Bible Records at Ancestry– ($); Index. Database is a collection of genealogically important records taken from the Bibles of colony and state residents. Reveals the Bible's original owner, brief record of descendants,and a particular event such as birth or marriage as recorded in Bible.

Biography

Business Records and Commerce

Cemeteries

Cemetery records often reveal birth, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories
Findagrave.com* Family History Library* Findagrave.com*
Interment.net* WorldCat* Tombstone Transcription Project*
Cemetery Site*   NYGenWeb Cemeteries*
New York Gravestones*   epodunk*
NYGenWeb Cemeteries*   Billion Graves*
Billion Graves*   Names in Stone*
Names in Stone*    
Linkpendium*    
Ancestry*    
   *See the New York Cemeteries page for details about each site.


  • Cypress Hills Cemetery BillionGraves. Large cemetery bisected by Jackie Robinson Parkway. Individual page for this cemetery, with searchable database and photos of headstones.
  • The Mount Carmel Cemetery (Jewish Cemetery) has placed an Interment Search for their cemetery on-line. The first interment took place on December 28, 1906. To date they have more than 85,000 interments in Sections 1 through 4 of the cemetery. The Index provides, the First and Last Name, date of death, The Society, and the location of the grave.

The Mount Hebron Cemetery (Jewish Cemetery) has placed an Interment Search for their cemetery on-line. The first interment took place on April 14, 1909. Since then, over 217,000 burials have taken place.  The Index provides, the First and Last Name, date of death, The Society, and the location of the grave.

  • Glendale

Census

For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see New York Census.

  • The 1890 Census is lost. For a substitute, see Directories.
Federal

U.S. Census Mortality Schedules for New York, 1850-1880:

  • Available online at Ancestry ($).
  • Deaths are included for the 12 months prior to the census, 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, and 1879-80 beginning 1 June and ending 31 May of the census year.[6]
  • Basic contents of the records include: Name, sex, age, color, marital status, place of birth, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. 1870 also has parents' birthplace. 1880 lists how long a resident of the county.
  • Also on FHL Films 1415128–42 which can be ordered through any Family History Center.
State
Source 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Family History Library - - - - - - Yes - Yes Index Yes
FamilySearch Historical Records - - - - - - Yes - - -
New York State Library - - - - - - - - Yes Yes
Ancestry.com - - - - - - - - - -

Church Records

Church records are good substitutes for birth, marriage, and death information and are most often found on a local city/town or county level.  Published and manuscript church records can be found at public, university, and private libraries.

For a brief general history of denominations and a guide to finding various New York denomination's records, see New York Church Records Wiki page.

Ann Mensch's Local Catholic Church and Family History & Genealogical Research Guide is a free online resource that identifies the parishes of Queens, years when parishes were created, contact information, as well as links to online records and research tips. Queens parishes fall under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Brooklyn.

Court Records

Ancestors may have also been involved in municipal, state, or federal court cases. See also New York Court Records and United States Court Records.

Crime and Criminals

Directories

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups

Gazetteers

Genealogy

History

Jewish Records

The Museum of Family History has compiled a list of synagogues that operated in Queens. Synagogue names and addresses are included.[8]

Land and Property

  • Van Wyck, Frederick. Select Patents of New York Towns. Digital version at World Vital Records ($).

Additional resources

Additional resources for Queens County, New York land records may be found in the Queens County, New York – Land Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Maps

Migration

Military

  • Civil War service men in Queens County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Queens County:[9]
- 139th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 158th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 163rd Regiment, New York Infantry
- 165th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 192nd Regiment, New York Infantry

Naturalization and Citizenship

Indexes

The Family History Library has also acquired this comprehensive index for the years 1792 through 1906 on microfilm: FHL Film 1419807 (1st of 294 films). The courts this index covers are:

  • City Court of Brooklyn, 1836-1894
  • Kings County Court, 1806-1906
  • New York City Marine Court, 1806-1849
  • New York County Common Pleas Court, 1792-1895
  • New York County Superior Court, 1828-1895
  • New York City and County Supreme Court, 1868-1906
  • Queens County Court, 1799-1906
  • Queens County Surrogate Court, 1888-1898
  • Richmond County Court, 1869-1906
  • U.S. Circuit Court Southern District, 1846-1876
  • U.S. District Court Eastern District, (Kings, Queens, Nassau and Suffolk counties), 1865-1906
  • U.S. District Court Southern Court Southern District, (New York, Bronx and also Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Richmond, Rockland, Sullivan and Westchester counties), 1824-1906[10]

Newspapers

The Queens Public Library holds an extensive collection of historical newspapers for the county of Queens.

Online Digital Newspapers

Obituaries

Periodicals

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Probate Records

Probate records including original estates and wills for New York are held in the office of the Queens County, New York County Surrogate Court beginning in 1787, or when the county was formed. Prior to 1787, most are housed at the New York State Archives. See New York Probate Records for more information about using probate records.
Content:  Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types:  Wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distribution.
Probate Petitions

In 1830, state law required the Surrogate Court clerk to issue a probate petition for a deceased individual with property. This petition, unique to New York, usually lists the deceased's death date. It also lists the heirs, their relationship to the deceased, and their residence. [11] [12]

These petitions are often found in the estate files and can be obtained from the Queens County Surrogate Court.
The petitions for Queens County, New York are also available on microfilm at the Family History Library and its centers:

Online Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Additional Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Additional probate indexes or abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Queens County, New York probate wills in online catalogs like:

Repositories

Cornell University, Guide to Historical Resources in Queens County, New York Repositories. ([Ithaca, New York]: New York Historical Resources Center, Olin Library, Cornell University, 1988). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.724 A3g. Includes index. Includes references to some family histories and genealogies.

Archives, Libraries and Museums
Queens Genealogy Workshop
1820 Flushing Avenue
Ridgewood, NY 11385
718-456-1776
Queens Borough Public Library
89-11 Merrick Blvd.
Jamaica, NY 11432
718-456-1776

Genealogical resources: Censuses, city and telephone directories, immigrant lists, newspapers, periodicals, family histories.

LaGuardia Community College/CUNY
Fiorello H.LaGuardia & Wagner Archives
31-10 Thomason Avenue, Room E-238
Long Island City, New York 11101
Phone: 718-626-5078 or 718-482-5065
Fax: 718-482-5069
 Genealogical resources: history of 20th Century New York City

Museums
Queens County Farm Museum
73-50 Little Neck Parkway
Floral Park, NY 11004-1129
Phone: (718) 347-3276
E-mail: info@queensfarm.org

Hours:
Daily-Year-round (outdoor visiting only): 10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.
Saturday and Sunday (Farmhouse Tours and shops): 12-4 January - March

Borough Registrar

New York City Registrar
Borough of Queens[13]
Queens Business Center
144-06 94th Avenue
Jamaica, NY 11435

  • Official record of real estate and personal property transfers, recording deeds and mortgages
City Clerk's Office

City Clerk's Office
Dora Young, Deputy City Clerk[14]
Queens Office
Borough Hall Building
120-55 Queens Boulevard
Kew Gardens, New York 11424
Phone: 718-286-2846

  • Marriages from 1866 to 1907
  • After 1907 if bride's residence or licenses of nonresidents was obtained in Queens
County Historian

Stanley Cogan[14]
35-37 211th Street
Bayside, New York 11361
Phone: 718-224-9592

Courthouses

The Queens County Clerk has divorce and naturalization records as well as the state census. The Surrogate Court has probate records. For further information about where the records for Queens County are held, see the Queens County Courthouses page.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FHC for Queens County, New York is the Queens New York Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.

Societies

Bayside Historical Society
208 Totten Avenue
Fort Totten, New York 11359
Mailing:
PO Box 133
Bayside, New York 11361
Phone: 718-352-1548
Fax: 718-352-3904
Email: archivist@baysidehistorical.org

  • It is free to research at their facility regardless of membership. Email first to set up an appointment or to inquire about their collection. Their quarterly publication is the Society News

Broad Channel Historical Society
Broad Channel Branch Library
1626 Crossbay Boulevard
Broad Channel, New York 11693
Phone: 718-474-1127
Email: abtoborg@verizon.net

  • Annual publication: Broad Channel Historical Calendar

Douglaston and Little Neck Historical Society
328 Manor Road
Douglaston, New York 11363
Phone: 718-225-4403
Fax: 718-229-6189
Email

Greater Astoria Historical Society
Quinn Memorial Building
35-20 Broadway, Fourth Floor
Long Island City, New York 11103-1193
Phone: 718-278-0700
Fax: 718-278-9335
Email: info@astorialic.org

Queens Historical Society (QHS)
Kingsland Homestead
Weeping Beech Park
143-35 37th Avenue
Flushing, New York 11354
Phone: 718-939-0647 ext. 17
Fax: 718-539-9885
Email: info@queenshistoricalsociety.org or qhs@juno.com
Mary Cornell, Genealogy Research Analyst

  • There collection includes the history of Queens in photographs, manuscripts, maps and artworks. Family manuscript collections include(soon to be put online): the Mitchell Family Papers, the King Family Papers, the Clara Driscoll/Walcott Family Papers and the Diary of William King Murray. The Quarterly publication is the AHS Newsletter.

The Richmond Hill Historical Society
86-22 109th Street
Richmond Hill, New York 11418
Phone: 718-704-9317
Email: richmond.hill.historical@gmail.com

Social Groups Online

Taxation

  • 1699–1734 Tax assesment rolls New York Public Library; Family History Library's Film 484033. These rolls are a great finding aid to locate someone that was a city resident and finding the ward they belonged to; includes renters and owners. There is a break in the years from 1710 to 1720. The rolls from 1721 to 1734 include Queens, Richmond, and Westchester as well as New York City. [15]

Town Records

Town records in New York may include early births, marriages, deaths, divorces, local histories, selected military records, and town meeting minutes. For further details, try the links to individual town Wiki pages found in Places. See also:

  • Gordon L. Remington, New York Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002). NEHGS online edition; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 D27r. Alphabetical list including date founded, if a town history exists, church and cemetery sources, and if a Civil War register (TCR) exists.


Vital Records

Vital records of birth, marriage or death were first recorded at the local level in the village clerk, town clerk, or city clerk’s ledger book. If you know where a birth, marriage or death took place, a copy of the certificate or record may be obtained by writing to the town, village or city clerk. See also How to order New York Vital Records or order electronically online.

See the heading Places on this wiki page for links to local community wiki pages and their available records. See New York Vital Records for a discussion about beginning dates and availability of vital records in New York.

Use substitute records for birth, marriage, and death information. These substitute records include Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.

Birth

Early births were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording births in 1881. Births were not recorded on the county level.

A digital version of the Family History Library's guide to New York City birth records is available online.

Birth Substitutes

  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for birth information.
  • 1858-1878 Hood, Anthony. Queens County Sentinel, Queens County, New York, Index of Birth, Marriage and Death Announcements 1858-1878. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1991. FHL Book 974.7243 V22h.
Marriage

Early marriages were sometimes recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) In 1880, town clerks were to record the marriage and a copy was sent to the New York State Department of Health (state level). Town clerks continue to record marriages. Marriages were recorded by the Queens County, New York clerk starting in {{{1}}} and go until {{{2}}}.[16]

A digital version of the Family History Library's guide to New York City marriages is available online.

Marriage Substitutes

  • 1800–1855 New York Marriage Notices at Ancestry– ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage notices published in newspapers around the state. Contains name of bride and groom, marriage date, marriage location, residence, and newspaper found in.
  • 1839-1864 Stevens, Marian F. An Index to the Long Islander, 1839-1864, Marriages-Deaths. Huntington, N.Y.: Huntington American Revolution Bicentennial Committee Huntington Historical Society, 1974. FHL Book 974.721 B32s.
  • 1839-1864 Stevens, Marian F. An Index to the Long Islander, 1839-1864, Marriages-Deaths. Huntington, New York : Huntington American Revolution Bicentennial Committee Huntington Historical Society, 1974. FHL Book 974.721 B32s.
  • 1858-1878 Hood, Anthony. Queens County Sentinel, Queens County, New York, Index of Birth, Marriage and Death Announcements 1858-1878. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1991. FHL Book 974.7243 V22h.

Pre–1787

All divorces were granted by the governor or legislature and were very rare.

1787–1847

All divorces were granted by the court of chancery. These records are found in the New York State Archives or for the New York City area at the New York County Clerk's office.These divorces were granted only on the grounds of adultery.

1847–present

All divorces are handled by the county Supreme Court where the divorce was granted. Divorce files in New York are sealed for 100 years. Contact the County Clerk for information about divorce records.

Divorce judgment papers often include date and place of the marriage and the names and birthdates of any children. Local newspapers may publish notices of divorce actions.

Death

Early deaths were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording deaths in 1881. Deaths were not recorded on the county level.

A digital version of the Family History Library's guide to New York City death records is available online.

  • 1871-1897 Early Brooklyn & Queens Death Database at German Genealogy Group - free; includes Newtown, College Point, Long Island City, Town of Jamaica, Village of Jamaica, Rockaway Beach, Village of Far Rockaway, Town of Far Rockaway, Village of Flushing, Village of Whitestone, Town of Flushing, and Richmond Hill.
  • 1892-1902 Deaths Reported in the City of New York. New York, USA: Department of Health. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Death Substitutes

  • 1839-1864 Stevens, Marian F. An Index to the Long Islander, 1839-1864, Marriages-Deaths. Huntington, N.Y.: Huntington American Revolution Bicentennial Committee Huntington Historical Society, 1974. FHL Book 974.721 B32s.
  • 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 See Mortality Schedule information in the Federal Census section of Census for death information.
  • 1858-1878 Hood, Anthony. Queens County Sentinel, Queens County, New York, Index of Birth, Marriage and Death Announcements 1858-1878. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1991. FHL Book 974.7243 V22h.
  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for death information.

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Queens County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the New York, Queens– Vital Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Voting Registers

Websites

Places

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 491. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Wikipedia contributors, "York Shire (Province of New York)" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/York_Shire_(Province_of_New_York) (accessed 7 January 2012).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Kathryn Ford Thorne, New York Atlas of Historical County Boundaries (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1993), 153-55. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 E7t.
  4. Handybook, 478.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Wikipedia contributors, "Queens" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queens (accessed 6 January 2012).
  6. Arlene Eakle, and Johni Cerni, The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1984), 103. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27ts.
  7. The guide to Protestant Episcopal Churches, Queens at NYGenWeb, see http://www.olivetreegenealogy.com/, helped locate these Olive Tree Genealogy collections.
  8. "Former Synagogues of NYC," UpFront with NGS: Blog of the National Genealogical Society, http://upfront.ngsgenealogy.org/2011/12/former-synagogues-of-nyc.html, accessed 29 December 2011.
  9. Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912). Internet Archive digital copy; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Film 1486494-96; Fiche 6083559-64; Book 974.7 M2p.
  10. Family History Library Catalog, FamilySearch, accessed 6 December 2011, http://www.familysearch.org.
  11. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 479. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  12. Henry B. Hoff, "Navigating New York Probate," American Ancestors 12 (Fall 2011): 57.
  13. Bentley, Genealogist's, 459. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D24ben 2009.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Elizabeth Petty Bentley, Genealogy Address Book (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2009), 459.
  15. Harry Macy Jr., “New York City Assessment Rolls 1699-1734”,The NYGB Newsletter 3(Fall 1996): 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.71 D25n v.7 Updated version at the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society on the Society’s Website. This is listed under “Research Aid Articles”.
  16. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 488-493. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.