Roanoke County, Virginia

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''[[United States|United States&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[Virginia|Virginia&nbsp;]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] &nbsp;[[Roanoke_County,_Virginia|Roanoke County]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[Virginia]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]'' '''Roanoke County'''  
  
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southwest_Virginia Southwest Virginia] county in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shenandoah_Valley Shenandoah Valley] region.  
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Guide to '''Roanoke County Virginia genealogy.''' Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.  
  
[[Image:{{VARoanokemap}}]]
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{{VADC}}  
  
[[Image:{{VARoanokeboundary}}]]
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{{Infobox U.S. County
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| county = Roanoke County
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| adoption_sign =
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| custom_text =
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| boundary_map = Roanoke_County_Boundary_Map.JPG
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| county_map = Location_of_Roanoke_County,_Virginia.png
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| state = Virginia
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| state_map = Virginia.png
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| founded year = 1838
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| founded date =
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| seat wl = Salem
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}}  
  
== County Courthouse  ==
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== Roanoke County, Virginia Courthouse  ==
  
{{RAOGKcourthouse}}
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[http://www.roanokecountyva.gov/ Roanoke County Courthouse]<br>P.O. Box 1126<br>Second Floor, Room 200<br>305 East Main Street<br>Salem, VA 24153<br>Phone: 540-387-6205
  
Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness courthouse lookup volunteer is listed under Bedford County, Virginia.  
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Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, <br>probate, court and land records from 1838<ref name="HBG">''Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America'', 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Richmond County, Virginia. Page 720 {{WorldCat|50140092|disp=At various libraries (WorldCat)}}; {{FHL|1049485|item|disp=FHL Book 973 D27e 2002}}.</ref>
  
== History  ==
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{{RAOGKcourthouse}}
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"
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|-
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| width="100%" bgcolor="#ffcc99" align="center" colspan="6" | <center>'''Beginning Dates for {{PAGENAME}} Government Records'''</center>
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Birth]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Marriage]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Vital_Records|Death]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Census|Census]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Land_and_Property|Land]]'''
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | '''[[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate_Records|Probate]]'''
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|-
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1838
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1853
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1840
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1838
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| width="16.6%" align="center" | 1838
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|}
  
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== Roanoke County, Virginia History  ==
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<div style="float: left; width: 147%">
 
[[Image:{{RoanokeRiverVirginia}}]]  
 
[[Image:{{RoanokeRiverVirginia}}]]  
  
The county is named after the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roanoke_River Roanoke River].<ref>"Roanoke County, Virginia," Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roanoke_County,_Virginia.</ref>  
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The county is named after the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roanoke_River Roanoke River].<ref>Wikipedia Contributors, "Roanoke County, Virginia," in ''Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia,'' http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roanoke_County,_Virginia, accessed 13 January 2012.</ref>  
  
 
==== Parent County  ====
 
==== Parent County  ====
  
'''1838'''--Roanoke County was created 30 March 1838 from [[Botetourt County, Virginia|Botetourt]] and [[Montgomery County, Virginia|Montgomery]] Counties.<br>'''County seat:''' Salem <ref name="Handybook">The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
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'''1838'''--Roanoke County was created 30 March 1838 from [[Botetourt County, Virginia|Botetourt]] and [[Montgomery County, Virginia|Montgomery]] Counties.<br>'''County seat:''' Salem <ref name="Handybook">''The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,'' 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).</ref>  
  
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
 
==== Boundary Changes  ====
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*Lost census: 1890
 
*Lost census: 1890
  
== Places/Localities  ==
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== Roanoke County, Virginia Places/Localities  ==
  
 
==== Populated Places  ====
 
==== Populated Places  ====
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==== Neighboring Counties  ====
 
==== Neighboring Counties  ====
  
{| class="FCK__ShowTableBorders" width="99%"
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{| width="99%" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
 
|-
 
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== Resources  ==
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== Roanoke County, Virginia Genealogy Resources  ==
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[[Image:Varoanoke.jpg|thumb|right|400px|Varoanoke.jpg]]
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==== African American  ====
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{{VAcohab}}
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==== Bible Records  ====
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{{VABible}}
  
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
 
==== Cemeteries  ====
  
 
{{RAOGKcemetery}}  
 
{{RAOGKcemetery}}  
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*[http://www.usgwtombstones.org/virginia/roanoke.html Tombstone Transcription Project Roanoke County ]- cemetery transcriptions - USGenWeb
  
 
==== Census  ====
 
==== Census  ====
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{{VAcensus}} {{USCensusPop
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|1840=5499
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|1850=8477
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|1860=8048
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|1870=9350
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|1880=13105
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|1890=30101
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|1900=15837
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|1910=19623
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|1920=22395
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|1930=35289
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|1940=42897
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|1950=41486
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|1960=61693
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|1970=67339
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|1980=72945
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|1990=79332
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|2000=85778
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}}
  
 
'''1785'''  
 
'''1785'''  
  
*Burton, Charles T. ''Botetourt County, Va., 1785 Enumeration''. Troutville, Va.: Burton?, 1972. {{FHL|64750|item}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10615 Ancestry] ($). [All of part of present-day county of Roanoke is included.]
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*Burton, Charles T. ''Botetourt County, Va., 1785 Enumeration''. Troutville, Va.: Burton?, 1972. {{FHL|64750|item}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10615 Ancestry] ($). [All of part of present-day county of Roanoke is included.]
  
 
'''1840'''  
 
'''1840'''  
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*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
 
*Turner, Ronald Ray. ''[http://www.pwcvabooks.com/documents/VirginiaCivilWarVets.doc Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890]''. Available online, courtesy: [http://www.pwcvabooks.com/index.htm Prince William County Virginia] website. [Includes residents of this county.]
  
==== Church  ====
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==== Church Records ====
  
==== Court  ====
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Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):
  
==== Genealogy  ====
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#Catawba (1780)<ref name="baptist">Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, ''A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia'' (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 349. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t6RhTC8ziQQC Google Books].</ref>
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#Salem (1784)<ref name="baptist" />
  
It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:
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Roanoke County fell within the bounds of the New River Association.  
  
*Locate publications about direct ancestors
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==== Court  ====
*Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
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*Identify publications, to quote [[Elizabeth Shown Mills|Elizabeth Shown Mills]], about an ancestor's "FAN Club" ['''F'''riends, '''A'''ssociates, and '''N'''eighbors]
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===== General =====
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==== Genealogy ====
  
As of November 2010, a query for [http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=Search&includedb=&lang=en&ti=&surname=&stype=Exact&given=&bplace=Roanoke+Virginia&byear=&brange=0&dplace=&dyear=&drange=0&mplace=&myear=&mrange=0&father=&mother=&spouse=&skipdb=&period=All&submit.x=Search individuals born in Roanoke, Virginia] at ''[[World Connect|World Connect]]'', results in more than 30,000 entries.  
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Several genealogies have been published about Roanoke County families. To view a list, visit [[Roanoke County, Virginia Genealogy]].  
  
===== Bibliography =====
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==== Land and Property ====
  
*'''[Brown]''' Martin, John Robert. ''Berryman Brown of Roanoke County, Virginia and Clinton, Dade and Ozark Counties in Missouri''. St. Joseph, Mo.:&nbsp;J.R. Martin, 1957. {{FHL|33256|item}}&nbsp;929.273 B812mjr&nbsp;
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Early settlers maps are available for Roanoke County. Hildebrand plots the locations of pioneers from original land grants, farm owners (1825-1875), etc. The Family History Library has copies: {{FHL|505629|item|disp=FHL Map 975.5792 E7hi}}, {{FHL|505641|item|disp=FHL Map 975.5792 E7hj}}, and {{FHL|505546|item|disp=FHL Map 975.5792 E7h}}.
*'''[Peyton] '''Peyton, John Lewis. ''Memoir of William Madison Peyton, of Roanoke: Together with Some of His Speeches in the House of Delegates of Virginia, and His Letters in Reference to Secession and the Threatened Civil War in the United States, etc., etc.''. London: J. Wilson, 1873. {{FHL|172100|item}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10592 Ancestry] ($).
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*'''[Reynolds]''' Adair, Ethel Marr. ''Family Group Records Collection; Patrons Section; Reynolds and Related Families of Roanoke Co., Virginia Miscellaneous Family Group Records''. Microfilmed 1956. {{FHL|49376|item}} 284730
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==== Land  ====
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'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
 
'''''Grants and Patents'''''  
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{{vapatent}}
  
 
*Hudgins. [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm 231 patents dated 1742-1855 in what is now Roanoke County, Virginia placed on a map]. DeedMapper. 2005. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/ DeedMapper]&nbsp;product.]
 
*Hudgins. [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/pool.htm 231 patents dated 1742-1855 in what is now Roanoke County, Virginia placed on a map]. DeedMapper. 2005. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's [http://www.directlinesoftware.com/ DeedMapper]&nbsp;product.]
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==== Local Histories  ====
 
==== Local Histories  ====
  
*Jack, George S. ''History of Roanoke County''. Roanoke, Va.: Stone, c1912. Available at {{FHL|121468|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10589 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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*Jack, George S. ''History of Roanoke County''. Roanoke, Va.: Stone, c1912. {{FHL|121468|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital versions at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10589 Ancestry] ($); [http://books.google.com/books?id=904SAAAAYAAJ Google Books].<br>  
*McCauley, William. ''History of Roanoke County, Salem, Roanoke City, Virginia, and Representative Citizens, 1734-1900''. Chicago: Biographical Pub. Co., 1902. Available at {{FHL|635518|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10588 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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*McCauley, William. ''History of Roanoke County, Salem, Roanoke City, Virginia, and Representative Citizens, 1734-1900''. Chicago: Biographical Pub. Co., 1902. {{FHL|635518|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10588 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
*Prillaman, Helen R. ''Places Near the Mountains: From the Community of Amsterdam, Virginia Up the Road to Catawba, on the Waters of the Catawba and Tinker Creeks, along the Carolina Road as it Aproached Big Lick and Other Areas, Primarily North Roanoke [Botetourt and Roanoke Counties, Virginia]''. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. Available at {{FHL|760166|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49296 Ancestry] ($).  
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*Prillaman, Helen R. ''Places Near the Mountains: From the Community of Amsterdam, Virginia Up the Road to Catawba, on the Waters of the Catawba and Tinker Creeks, along the Carolina Road as it Aproached Big Lick and Other Areas, Primarily North Roanoke [Botetourt and Roanoke Counties, Virginia]''. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. {{FHL|760166|item|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=49296 Ancestry] ($).  
*''Roanoke, Story of County and City''. unknown: unknown, 1942. Available at {{FHL|121480|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10590 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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*''Roanoke, Story of County and City''. unknown: unknown, 1942. {{FHL|121480|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10590 Ancestry] ($).<br>  
*''Salem and the Roanoke Valley: A Circular of Information, Location, Railroad Facilities, Business Interests, Manufacturing Prospects, Water Power, Mineral wealth, Fertile Lands, Healthful Climate, Social, Moral, Religious and Educational Advantages''. Salem, Va.: Times-Register Power Press Print, 1884. Available at {{FHL|635666|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10612 Ancestry] ($).<br>
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*''Salem and the Roanoke Valley: A Circular of Information, Location, Railroad Facilities, Business Interests, Manufacturing Prospects, Water Power, Mineral wealth, Fertile Lands, Healthful Climate, Social, Moral, Religious and Educational Advantages''. Salem, Va.: Times-Register Power Press Print, 1884. {{FHL|635666|item|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10612 Ancestry] ($).<br>
  
 
==== Maps  ====
 
==== Maps  ====
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==== Military  ====
 
==== Military  ====
  
===== '''''Revolutionary War''''' =====
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===== Revolutionary War  =====
  
*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital versions at [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf U.S. Census Bureau] and [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books] ''et. al''. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item}} 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Roanoke County on page 136.]
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*''A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]''. 1841. Digital version at [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ Google Books]. 1967 reprint: {{FHL|282860|item|disp=FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840}}. [See Virginia, Western District, Roanoke County on page 136.]
  
===== '''''War of 1812''''' =====
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===== War of 1812  =====
  
 
*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Roanoke County, pp. 100-101. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
 
*''List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance...'' Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. {{FHL|286899|item}} 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at [http://books.google.com/books?id=t7oqAAAAMAAJ Google Books] and [http://www.archive.org/details/listpensionerso02buregoog Internet Archive]. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Roanoke County, pp. 100-101. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
  
==== Newspapers ====
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===== Civil War =====
  
{{RAOGKobituary}}  
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{{VAciv}}  
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:- [[14th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|14th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company F (2nd) and Company G (Border Rangers).<ref>Robert J. Driver, ''14th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). {{FHL|370000|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 47}}.</ref>
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:- [[25th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)|25th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)]]. Company F.<ref>Dobbie E. Lambert, ''25th Virginia Cavalry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). {{FHL|566442|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 106}}.</ref>
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:- [[28th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|28th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company F (Botetourt Springs Rifles) and Company K (Roanoke Grays).<ref>Frank E. Fields, ''28th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). {{FHL|257424|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 15}}.</ref>
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:- [[42nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|42nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company E (Dixie Grays).<ref>John Chapla, ''42nd Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1983). {{FHL|342443|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 5}}.</ref>
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:- [[54th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)|54th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)]]. Company K (The Roanoke Guards).<ref>George L. Sherwood and Jeffrey C. Weaver, ''54th Virginia Infantry'' (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1993). {{FHL|645812|item|disp=FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 91}}.</ref>
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==== Newspapers  ====
  
Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness lookup volunteer is listed under Bedford County, Virginia.
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{{VAnews}}
  
 
==== Occupations  ====
 
==== Occupations  ====
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*Cutten, George Barton. ''The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850.'' Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at {{FHL|78198|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes a section on Salem silversmiths.]
 
*Cutten, George Barton. ''The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850.'' Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at {{FHL|78198|title-id|disp=FHL}}. [Includes a section on Salem silversmiths.]
  
==== Probate  ====
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==== Probate Records ====
  
 
==== Research Guides  ====
 
==== Research Guides  ====
  
*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Roanoke County," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1977):285-286. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.newenglandancestors.org/database_search/VA_Genealogist.asp New England Ancestors] ($).
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*"A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Roanoke County," ''The Virginia Genealogist'', Vol. 21, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1977):285-286. Available at {{FHL|33159|title-id|disp=FHL}}; digital version at [http://www.americanancestors.org/search.aspx?Ca=098&Da=285 American Ancestors] ($).
  
 
==== Taxation  ====
 
==== Taxation  ====
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==== Vital Records  ====
 
==== Vital Records  ====
  
== Societies and Libraries  ==
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{{VAbmd}}
  
== Web Sites ==
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===== Birth =====
  
*USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.  
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*'''1853-1885''' - Roanoke County Birth Index 1853-1885. Batch {{IGI|C868665}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr">Genealogical Society of Utah, ''Parish and Vital Records List'' (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.</ref>
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*'''1853-1914''' - Roanoke County Birth Index 1853-1914. Batch {{IGI|C868657}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
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===== Marriage  =====
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*'''1740-1850''' - [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3723 Virginia Marriages 1740-1850] (Ancestry) ($).
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*'''1838-1853''' - [http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varoanok/marr.html Roanoke County, Virginia Marriages 1838-1853] (VAGenWeb) - free.
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*'''1838-1843''' - [http://newrivernotes.com/va/roanmarr.htm Roanoke County, Virginia, Marriages 1838-1843] (New River Notes) - free.
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*'''1838-1919''' - Roanoke County Marriage Index 1838-1919. Batch {{IGI|M868664}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
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*'''1853-1906''' - Roanoke County Marriage Index 1853-1906. Batch {{IGI|M868657}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
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===== Death  =====
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*'''1853-1881''' - Roanoke County Death Index 1853-1881. Batch {{IGI|B868665}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
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*'''1853-1917''' - Roanoke County Death Index 1853-1917. Batch {{IGI|B868658}} at FamilySearch - free.<ref name="vr" />
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===== Vital Record Substitutes  =====
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{{Tip|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see [[{{PAGENAME}}#Bible Records|Bible Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Cemeteries|Cemeteries]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Church History and Records|Church History and Records]], [[{{PAGENAME}}#Newspapers|Newspapers]], and [[{{PAGENAME}}#Probate Records|Probate Records]].}}
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== Roanoke County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries  ==
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==== Family History Centers<br>  ====
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*[[Introduction to LDS Family History Centers]]
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*[[Roanoke Virginia Family History Center]] (Salem)
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== Roanoke County, Virginia Genealogy Websites  ==
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*[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~varoanok/ Roanoke Co., VAGenWeb]. Part of the [http://usgenweb.org/ USGenWeb Project]. Maps, name indexes, history.  
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Roanoke|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
 
*{{FHL|Virginia%2C+Roanoke|subject|disp=Family History Library Catalog}}
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
  
<references />
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<references />  
  
 
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
{{Virginia|Virginia}}  
 
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</div>{{-}}
 
[[Category:Roanoke_County,_Virginia]]
 
[[Category:Roanoke_County,_Virginia]]

Revision as of 20:01, 3 May 2013

United States go to Virginia go to Roanoke County

Guide to Roanoke County Virginia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Virginia
Online Records


Roanoke County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Roanoke County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Roanoke County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1838
County Seat Salem
Courthouse

Contents

Roanoke County, Virginia Courthouse

Roanoke County Courthouse
P.O. Box 1126
Second Floor, Room 200
305 East Main Street
Salem, VA 24153
Phone: 540-387-6205

Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce,
probate, court and land records from 1838[1]

 

Beginning Dates for Roanoke County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1838 1853 1840 1838 1838

Roanoke County, Virginia History

The county takes its name from the Roanoke River.

The county is named after the Roanoke River.[2]

Parent County

1838--Roanoke County was created 30 March 1838 from Botetourt and Montgomery Counties.
County seat: Salem [3]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost census: 1890

Roanoke County, Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Roanoke County, Virginia Genealogy Resources

Varoanoke.jpg

African American

Roanoke County, Virginia cohabitation records are available online.

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Roanoke County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.
18405,499
18508,47754.2%
18608,048−5.1%
18709,35016.2%
188013,10540.2%
189030,101129.7%
190015,837−47.4%
191019,62323.9%
192022,39514.1%
193035,28957.6%
194042,89721.6%
195041,486−3.3%
196061,69348.7%
197067,3399.2%
198072,9458.3%
199079,3328.8%
200085,7788.1%

1785

  • Burton, Charles T. Botetourt County, Va., 1785 Enumeration. Troutville, Va.: Burton?, 1972. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($). [All of part of present-day county of Roanoke is included.]

1840

  • Douthat, James L. 1840 Mountain Empire of Virginia Census. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2001. FHL Collection 975.5 X2d 1840. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. [Includes Roanoke County.]

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Catawba (1780)[4]
  2. Salem (1784)[4]

Roanoke County fell within the bounds of the New River Association.

Court

Genealogy

Several genealogies have been published about Roanoke County families. To view a list, visit Roanoke County, Virginia Genealogy.

Land and Property

Early settlers maps are available for Roanoke County. Hildebrand plots the locations of pioneers from original land grants, farm owners (1825-1875), etc. The Family History Library has copies: FHL Map 975.5792 E7hi, FHL Map 975.5792 E7hj, and FHL Map 975.5792 E7h.

Grants and Patents

Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.

Local Histories

  • Jack, George S. History of Roanoke County. Roanoke, Va.: Stone, c1912. FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($); Google Books.
  • McCauley, William. History of Roanoke County, Salem, Roanoke City, Virginia, and Representative Citizens, 1734-1900. Chicago: Biographical Pub. Co., 1902. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Prillaman, Helen R. Places Near the Mountains: From the Community of Amsterdam, Virginia Up the Road to Catawba, on the Waters of the Catawba and Tinker Creeks, along the Carolina Road as it Aproached Big Lick and Other Areas, Primarily North Roanoke [Botetourt and Roanoke Counties, Virginia]. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Roanoke, Story of County and City. unknown: unknown, 1942. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Salem and the Roanoke Valley: A Circular of Information, Location, Railroad Facilities, Business Interests, Manufacturing Prospects, Water Power, Mineral wealth, Fertile Lands, Healthful Climate, Social, Moral, Religious and Educational Advantages. Salem, Va.: Times-Register Power Press Print, 1884. FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

Maps

Military

Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Book 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Roanoke County on page 136.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Roanoke County, pp. 100-101. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Roanoke County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Roanoke County, Virginia:

- 14th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company F (2nd) and Company G (Border Rangers).[5]
- 25th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company F.[6]
- 28th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company F (Botetourt Springs Rifles) and Company K (Roanoke Grays).[7]
- 42nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company E (Dixie Grays).[8]
- 54th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company K (The Roanoke Guards).[9]

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Roanoke County, Virginia newspapers.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Salem silversmiths.]

Probate Records

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Roanoke County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1977):285-286. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).

Taxation

  • [1882] Big Lick District Personal Property Tax List, 1882, Virginia Appalachian Notes. Roanoke VA: Nov 1982. Vol. 6 Iss. 4.

Vital Records

Indexes to Roanoke County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth
  • 1853-1885 - Roanoke County Birth Index 1853-1885. Batch C868665 at FamilySearch - free.[10]
  • 1853-1914 - Roanoke County Birth Index 1853-1914. Batch C868657 at FamilySearch - free.[10]
Marriage
  • 1838-1919 - Roanoke County Marriage Index 1838-1919. Batch M868664 at FamilySearch - free.[10]
  • 1853-1906 - Roanoke County Marriage Index 1853-1906. Batch M868657 at FamilySearch - free.[10]
Death
  • 1853-1881 - Roanoke County Death Index 1853-1881. Batch B868665 at FamilySearch - free.[10]
  • 1853-1917 - Roanoke County Death Index 1853-1917. Batch B868658 at FamilySearch - free.[10]
Vital Record Substitutes

Roanoke County, Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Roanoke County, Virginia Genealogy Websites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Richmond County, Virginia. Page 720 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia Contributors, "Roanoke County, Virginia," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roanoke_County,_Virginia, accessed 13 January 2012.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. 4.0 4.1 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 349. Digital version at Google Books.
  5. Robert J. Driver, 14th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 47.
  6. Dobbie E. Lambert, 25th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 106.
  7. Frank E. Fields, 28th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1985). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 15.
  8. John Chapla, 42nd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1983). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 5.
  9. George L. Sherwood and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 54th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1993). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 91.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/3/37/Igivirginia.pdf.