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Roanoke County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Roanoke County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Roanoke County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1838
County Seat Salem
Courthouse
United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Roanoke County

Southwest Virginia county in the Shenandoah Valley region.

Contents

County Courthouse

County Courthouse
P.O. Box 1126
Second Floor, Room 200
305 East Main Street
Salem, VA 24153
540-387-6205

 

Beginning Dates for Roanoke County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1838 1853 1840 1838 1838

History

The county takes its name from the Roanoke River.

The county is named after the Roanoke River.[1]

Parent County

1838--Roanoke County was created 30 March 1838 from Botetourt and Montgomery Counties.
County seat: Salem [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost census: 1890

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

African American

Roanoke County, Virginia cohabitation records are available online.


Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:


Cemeteries

Census

For tips on accessing Roanoke County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.


Historical populations
Census Pop.
18405,499
18508,47754.2%
18608,048−5.1%
18709,35016.2%
188013,10540.2%
189030,101129.7%
190015,837−47.4%
191019,62323.9%
192022,39514.1%
193035,28957.6%
194042,89721.6%
195041,486−3.3%
196061,69348.7%
197067,3399.2%
198072,9458.3%
199079,3328.8%
200085,7788.1%

1785

  • Burton, Charles T. Botetourt County, Va., 1785 Enumeration. Troutville, Va.: Burton?, 1972. FHL Collection; digital version at Ancestry ($). [All of part of present-day county of Roanoke is included.]

1840

  • Douthat, James L. 1840 Mountain Empire of Virginia Census. Signal Mountain, Tenn.: Mountain Press, 2001. FHL Collection 975.5 X2d 1840. Free online surname index and purchase details at Mountain Press website. [Includes Roanoke County.]

1890 Union Veterans

Church

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Catawba (1780)[3]
  2. Salem (1784)[3]

Roanoke County fell within the bounds of the New River Association.

Court

Genealogy

Several genealogies have been published about Roanoke County families. To view a list, visit Roanoke County, Virginia Genealogy.

Land

Grants and Patents

Local Histories

  • Jack, George S. History of Roanoke County. Roanoke, Va.: Stone, c1912. Available at FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($); Google Books.
  • McCauley, William. History of Roanoke County, Salem, Roanoke City, Virginia, and Representative Citizens, 1734-1900. Chicago: Biographical Pub. Co., 1902. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Prillaman, Helen R. Places Near the Mountains: From the Community of Amsterdam, Virginia Up the Road to Catawba, on the Waters of the Catawba and Tinker Creeks, along the Carolina Road as it Aproached Big Lick and Other Areas, Primarily North Roanoke [Botetourt and Roanoke Counties, Virginia]. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Roanoke, Story of County and City. unknown: unknown, 1942. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Salem and the Roanoke Valley: A Circular of Information, Location, Railroad Facilities, Business Interests, Manufacturing Prospects, Water Power, Mineral wealth, Fertile Lands, Healthful Climate, Social, Moral, Religious and Educational Advantages. Salem, Va.: Times-Register Power Press Print, 1884. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).

Maps

Military

Revolutionary War
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Roanoke County on page 136.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Roanoke County, pp. 100-101. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]

Newspapers

 

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Salem silversmiths.]

Probate

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Roanoke County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 21, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1977):285-286. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).

Taxation

  • [1882] Big Lick District Personal Property Tax List, 1882, Virginia Appalachian Notes. Roanoke VA: Nov 1982. Vol. 6 Iss. 4.

Vital Records

Indexes to Roanoke County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records


Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Web Sites

References

  1. Wikipedia Contributors, "Roanoke County, Virginia," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roanoke_County,_Virginia, accessed 13 January 2012.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 349. Digital version at Google Books.

 

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