Rockingham County, VirginiaEdit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

Revision as of 22:03, 5 October 2012 by Murphynw (Talk | contribs)

United States  go to  Virginia  go to  Rockingham County


Rockingham County, Virginia genealogy and family history research page. Guide to Rockingham County (established 1666) genealogy, history, and courthouse sources including birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, wills, deeds and land records, Civil War records, Revolutionary War records, family histories, cemeteries, churches, tax records, newspapers, and obituaries.


Rockingham County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Rockingham County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Rockingham County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1666
County Seat Harrisonburg
Courthouse

Contents

County Courthouse

Rockingham County Courthouse, Harrisonburg, Va.

 

Rockingham County Courthouse
Circuit Court
Harrisonburg, Virginia 22801
Phone: 540-564-3111

Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1862-1894,
death records 1890-1894, marriage, probate,
court and land records from 1778 and divorce
records from 1833.  Some records burned in 1864[1]

Beginning Dates for Rockingham County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1853 1778 1853 1810 1778 1778

History

2nd Marquess of Rockingham

The county is named after Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham (1730-1782), who served two terms as Prime Minister of Great Britain.

Parent County

1777--Rockingham County was created 20 October 1777 from Augusta County.
County seat: Harrisonburg [2]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890
  • Some wills and other records burned in 1864[2][3]

Visit the Library of Virginia's website to determine exactly what records have been lost and their Lost Records Localities Database to find additional resources.

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Rockingham County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1981):54-57. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
  • Good, Rebecca H. and Rebecca A. Ebert. Finding Your People in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia: A Genealogical Guide. Bowie, Md.: Heritage Books, 1998. 4th ed. FHL Book 975 D27e 1998

African American

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:


Biography

  • Wayland, John W. Men of Mark and Representative Citizens of Harrisonburg and Rockingham County, Virginia. Staunton, Va.: McClure Co., 1943. FHL; digital versions at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).

Cemeteries

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.
17907,449
180010,37439.3%
181012,75322.9%
182014,78415.9%
183020,68339.9%
184017,344−16.1%
185020,29417.0%
186023,40815.3%
187023,6681.1%
188029,56724.9%
189031,2995.9%
190033,5277.1%
191034,9034.1%
192030,047−13.9%
193029,709−1.1%
194031,2895.3%
195035,07912.1%
196040,48515.4%
197047,89018.3%
198057,03819.1%
199057,4820.8%
200067,72517.8%

For tips on accessing Rockingham County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.


1784 Enumeration

1890 Union Veterans

1900

  • United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Rockingham County, Virginia, Census, 1900. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1900. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Church Records

A map identifying the locations of early churches is available for Rockingham County: Where the River Flows: Finding Faith in Rockingham County, Virginia, 1726-1876. The Family History Library has a copy: FHL Map 975.5922 H2h, 975.5922 H2h supp..

Baptist

Early Baptist churches (with years constituted):

  1. Lost River (1784)[4].
  2. Lynville's Creek aka Linville Creek (1756)[4]. Minute books begin in 1756: FHL Film 441485 Item 2. Another copy: FHL Film 32271. Some records have been published: FHL Book 975.5922 K2w.[5] Cemetery records are online. Church records are online in Pennsylvania, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985 at Historical Society of Pennsylvania – $, free to members of the society; Also available at Ancestry.com.
  3. Pleasant Run (by 1806). Membership rolls (1806-1809) were published in the Seattle Genealogical Society Bulletin, Vol. 16, No. 3 (Mar. 1967). FHL Book 979.777 B2b v. 16-17 (1966-1968).
  4. Smith's Creek (1756), New Market, Va. A history has been published: FHL Book 975.5 A1 no. 307. Some records have been published: FHL Book 975.5922 K2w.[5]

The 10,000 name petition (dated 16 October 1776) has been digitized at the Library of Congress website. It was signed by people from all over Virginia who wanted an end to persecution of Baptists by the Established Church. Baptists and Baptist sympathizers alike signed the petition. To find your ancestor in this record, first check Hall's transcription in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy (Vols. 35-38, with annotations in Vol. 39), which is available online at Ancestry ($). It is also available in book form at the Family History Library: FHL Book 975.5 B2vs v. 35-39. Then proceed to the Library of Congress website to see the original images.


Rockingham County fell within the bounds of the Culpeper Association.

German Reformed
  • Braun, Johannes, Klaus Wust and Joseph H. Meyerhoeffer. Shenandoah Valley Family Data, 1799-1813: From the Memorandum Book of Pastor Johannes Braun. Edinburg, Va.: Shenandoah History Publishers, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 K2bjo.
Quaker

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Smith's Creek Monthly Meeting (1736-1810) aka Broadway[6]

Court

Genealogy

More than 250 genealogies have been published about Rockingham County families. To view a list, visit Rockingham County, Virginia Genealogy.

Immigration

Land and Property

  • Kaylor, Peter Cline. Abstract of Land Grant Surveys of Augusta and Rockingham Counties, Virginia, 1761-1791. Dayton, VA: Shenandoah Press, 1938. Available at FHL; digital version at World Vital Records ($).

Local Histories

Maps

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Rockingham County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on pp. 273-274.]

Military

French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Rockingham County veterans; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Rockingham County, Virginia residents' participation in the Revolutionary War.[7]

  • "A Page from Court Orders of Rockingham County, VA" [Showing Public Claims Enabling Descendants to Join Revolutionary Societies], The American Genealogist, Vol. 11 (1934):4. Available at American Ancestors ($).
  • Revolutionary Soldiers, Rockingham County, Virginia. Harrisonburg, Va.: The Historical Society?, 1976. Available at FHL; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Western District, Rockingham County on page 136.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812

Rockingham County men served in the 58th and 116th Regiments.[8]

  • Switzer, Frank C. and Dorothy A. Boyd-Rush Rosters, Rockingham Units, War of 1812. Rockingham Historical Society, 1987. Leaves 12. FHL Book 975.5 A1
  • Yankey, Lewis H. and Patricia T Ritchie. Brocks Gap Miscellaneous Research. FHL Book 975.5922 D2
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Rockingham County, p. 101-102. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Rockingham County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Rockingham County, Virginia:


  • Information about the following regiments can be found:

(1) FHL book 975.5922 M2s Rockingham County Men in Gray.
(2) FHL book 975.5 M2vr v. 29 A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865

- 1st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate).
- 6th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company C (Rockingham Cavalry, River Rangers).[9]
- 7th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate). Companies A, B, and C.
- 7th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Ashby's) (Confederate). Company B (2nd) (Letcher Brock's Gap Rifles), Company H (1st) (Brock's Gap Sharpshooters), Company H (2nd) (Captain John C. Shoup), and Company I (Captain E.A. Shands).[10]
- 9th Battalion, Virginia Reserves (Confederate). Companies A, B, C, and D.
- 10th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company B (Rockingham Rifles), Company C (2nd) (Mauck's Company), Company D (Bridgewater Greys), Company E (Peaked Mt. Grays), Company G (Valley Guards), Company H (Chrisman's Infantry), and Company I (Riverton Invincibles).[11]
- 10th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (1st Cavalry Regiment, Wise Legion (Confederate). Company H (Valley Rangers).[12]
- 11th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry. Company C (The Brock's Gap Sharpshooters or The Brock's Gap Rifles).[13]
- 12th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company H.[14]
- 23rd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company B.[15]
- 25th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Heck's) (Confederate). Company I (Mount Crawford Cavalry aka Valley Rifles).[16]
- 31st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). 1st Company B (Pendleton County Minutemen).[17]
- 33rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company I (Rockingham Confederates).[18]
  • Men from Rockingham County were also members of the following regiments: 35th Battlion Virginia Cavalry, 58th Virginia Militia, 3rd Battalion Virginia Reserves, 97th Virginia Militia, 136th Virginia Militia, 146th Virginia Militia

Records and histories are available, including:

Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battles were fought in Rockingham County.

Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865

Naturalization

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers

 

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Harrisonburg silversmiths.]

Private Papers

Probate Records

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1777] "Augusta County Tithables, 1777," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 42 Iss. 4 (Nov. 2004):307-310. Available at FHL. [Covers area of present-day eastern Rockingham and Page counties.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Rockingham County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1787] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1976):269-274. Available at FHL; digital version at American Ancestors ($). [These records often identify migrants who left the county and their intended destinations. Rockingham County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on pp. 273-274.]
  • [1788] Boyd-Rush, Dorothy. "Three Tax-Militia Lists: Heads of Families and Male Members Thereof Over Sixteen Years of Age of Rockingham County, Virginia, 1788," The Rockingham Recorder, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr. 1982):66-68. Available at FHL
  • [1789, 1801] Images of the 1789 and 1801 Personal Property Tax Lists of Rockingham County, Virginia  are available to browse online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1790] Boyd-Rush, Dorothy. "1790 Poling List, Rockingham County, Virginia," The Rockingham Recorder, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Apr. 1982):69. Available at FHL.
  • [1792] Strickler, Harry M. Tenth Legion Tithables (Rockingham Division) Rockingham County, Virginia Tithables for 1792: A List of All the White Males Above 16 Years of Age in the County and All the Slaves Above 12 in the County in 1792. Luray, Virginia: H.M. Strickler, 1930. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.592 R4sand FHL US/CAN Film 1425662 Item 7 ; digital version at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).
  • [1795-1813]Heinegg, Paul. "Rockingham County Personal Property Tax, 1795-1813," Free African Americans.com. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1798] Tax list of house owners, 1798, Rockingham Recorder. Dayton VA: Apr 1945. Vol. 1 Iss. 1.
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [The source for this publication is 1815 land tax. Rockingham County is included in Vol. 4.]
  • [1815] Boyd-Rush, Dorothy A. "1815 Rockingham County Tax List," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 40, No. 2 (May 2002):89-102; Vol. 40, No. 3 (Aug. 2002):200-206; Vol. 40, No. 4 (Nov. 2002):317-326; Vol. 41, No. 1 (Feb. 2003):55-68; Vol. 41, No. 2 (May 2003):149-166; Vol. 42, No. 2 (Feb. 2005):97-104; Vol. 43, No. 1 (Feb. 2005):70-74. Available at FHL; digital version of Volume 40 at Ancestry ($).
  • [1815] Boyd-Bragg, Dorothy A. "A List of the Free Negroes, Rockingham County [1815]," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 45, No. 1 (Feb. 2007):63-64. Available at FHL
  • [1816] Boyd-Bragg, Dorothy A. "Rockingham County Tax Book for the Year 1816," Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 42, No. 3 (Aug. 2004):189-202; Vol. 42, No. 4 (Nov. 2004):265-284; Vol. 43, No. 2 (May 2005):153-168. Available at FHL.

Vital Records

Indexes to Rockingham County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records


Birth

Beth Fridley has published the following abstracts of Rockingham County, Virginia birth records online at Ancestry:

  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1853-56 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1857-59 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1860-65 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1866-84 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1885-87 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1888-90 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1891-93 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Births, 1894-96 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
Marriage
Death

Beth Fridley has published the following abstracts of Rockingham County, Virginia death records online at Ancestry:

  • Rockingham County, Virginia Deaths, 1853-61 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Deaths, 1862-77 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Deaths, 1878-85 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
  • Rockingham County, Virginia Deaths, 1886-95 [database on-line]. Available at Ancestry ($).
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.


Societies and Libraries

Rockingham County Historical Society

310 S Main Street

Dayton, Virginia 22812

Family History Centers

Websites


Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.


References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rockingham County, Virginia. Page 720 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Dorothy Boyd-Rush, "The Estate of Margaret Sipe of Rockingham County, Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1985):268-271. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 29 (1985).
  4. 4.0 4.1 Robert Baylor Semple and George William Beale, A History of the Rise and Progress of the Baptists in Virginia (Pitt and Dickinson, 1894), 229-230. Digital version at Google Books.
  5. 5.0 5.1 F. Edward Wright, Early Church Records of Rockingham County, Virginia (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1998). FHL Book 975.5922 K2w.
  6. Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  7. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 43-44. Digitized by Internet Archive.
  8. Stuart Lee Butler, A Guide to Virginia Militia Units in the War of 1812 (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Pub. Co., 1988), 190. FHL Book 975.5 M2bs.
  9. Michael P. Musick, 6th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 66.
  10. Richard L. Armstrong, 7th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 88.
  11. Terrence V. Murphy, 10th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 55.
  12. Robert J. Driver, 10th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 87.
  13. Richard L. Armstrong, 11th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 52.
  14. Dennis E. Frye, 12th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, c1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 42.
  15. Richard B. Kleese, 23rd Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 118.
  16. Richard L. Armstrong, 25th Virginia Infantry and 9th Battalion Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1990). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 71.
  17. John M. Ashcraft, 31st Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1988). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 48.
  18. Lowell Reidenbaugh, 33rd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 35.
  19. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 16 August, 2012)
  20. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).


 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).