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East Tennessee county in the Great Smoky Mountains region. Established 1794. From 1784 to 1788, this land was claimed by the abortive, and short-lived State of Franklin.

Location of Sevier County
Sevier County Boundary Map

Contents

Quick Dates

Sevier County's civil records start the following years:[1]

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1914 1856 1881 1830 1845 1849

County Courthouse

Location of Sevier County Courthouse, Sevierville, Tenn.
Sevier County Courthouse
125 Court Ave.
Sevierville, TN 37862
Phone: 1-865-453-4654


Sevier County Clerk
Marriage and probate records
125 Court Ave., Suite 202E
Sevierville, TN 37862
Phone: 1-865-453-5502

Sevier County Register of Deeds
Land records
125 Court Ave., Suite 209W
Sevierville, TN 37862
Phone: 1-865-453-2758

Sevier County Circuit Court Clerk
Court records
125 Court Ave., Room 204E
Sevierville, TN 37862
Phone: 1-865-774-3693

Hours:
Mon.-Thurs. 8 a.m.-4 p.m.
Fri. 8 a.m.-6 p.m.  

History

Governor John Sevier(1745-1815)
In the 1780s, this county's land fell within the bounds of the State of Franklin.

Sevier County is named after Revolutionary War General Gov. John Sevier (1745-1815).[2]

North Carolina first organized the land that would eventually become Sevier County as part of Washington District in 1776, then as part of Washington County in 1777, and then as part of Greene County in 1783.

In August 1784 delegates of three western North Carolina counties, Washington, Sullivan, and Greene (all now in Tennessee), declared their Independence from North Carolina because of perceived neglect, and misuse by North Carolina’s legislature. By May 1785 they had petitioned to be admitted to the United States as the new State of Franklin. The Franklin statehood request was denied.[3] In March 1786 the Franklin legislature created several new counties including Sevier (all in present-day Tennessee).[4] By 1789 Franklin's hopes of statehood had faded.

However, in 1789 North Carolina ratified the Constitution, was admitted the union, and ceded her westermost counties to the United States. The United States used them to form the Southwest Territory. The new counties created by the Franklin government were not recognized by North Carolina, the Southwest Territory, or by Tennessee. When they were reconstituted, no mention was made of their Franklin predecessor county governments. The Southwest Territory reconstituted Sevier County in 1794 from part of Jefferson County.[5]

In 1796 the land of all these counties became part of the new State of Tennessee.

Parent County

1794--Sevier County was established 28 September 1794 from Jefferson County. Early records may be found under Jefferson County.
County seat: Sevierville [6]

County Pronunciation

  1. Hear it spoken[7] (female)
  2. Hear it spoken[8] (female)

Boundary Changes

"Rotating Formation Tennessee County Boundary Maps" (1777-1985) may be viewed for free at the My Tennessee Genealogy website. They rely on AniMap 3.0 software.

Record Loss

Fire.png
1856--Fire damaged records
  • Lost censuses: 1800, 1810, 1820, 1890
  • Lost marriage records: 1794 to 1855
  • Lost probate records: 1794 to 1848

The Foxes published a book that attempts "to help compensate for the loss of the records in the courthouse":

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Alder Branch Fox (hist.) McMahan Seaton Spring
Allensville (hist.) French Broad (hist.) Middle Creek Schroder (hist.)
Boyds Creek Gatlinburg Millican Grove Sevierville
Cartertown Glade New Era Seymour
Catlettsburg Greenbrier (hist.) Newell Station Shady Grove
Caton Harrisburg Oak City Starkeytown
Cedar Bluff Hatchertown Oldham Sugarlands(hist.)
Chalet Village Henderson Springs Part Settlement Texas Settlement (hist.)
Cove Creek Cascades Henry Crossroads Pigeon Forge Trundle Crossroad
Cusick Hornet Pine Grove Union Grove
Doyle Springs Jones Cove Pinnacle Union Valley
Dupont Knob Creek Pitner (hist.) Waldens Creek
Dupont Springs Kodak Pittman Center Walnut Grove
East Fork Laurel Pleasant Hill Wear Valley
Elkmont Line Spring Powder Springs (hist.) Zion Grove
Ewing (hist.) Little Cove Richardson Cove
Fort Harry McCookville Rocky Grove

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Getting Started

Use the free Search for Surnames at Mountain Press's website to quickly search a variety of published Sevier County biographies, land, and marriage records. To determine which books are being searched, or to search each publication's index individually, click here. You are now equipped with a checklist of books to pull off the shelves at a genealogy library, or a wish list for your personal book collection.

Research Guides

African American

United States African Americans Gotoarrow.png Tennessee African Americans

Cemeteries

Tennessee cemetery records often identify birth, death, relationship, and military information, as well as religious affiliation. 

The Smoky Mountain Historical Society published records of more than 350 Sevier County cemeteries in the following book:

The Tennessee Cemeteries page provides explanations of the following online resources:

Bibliography Online Gravestone Transcriptions Cemetery Gazetteers
FHLC Find A Grave Find A Grave list

USGenWeb Tombstone Transcription Project ePodunk

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 3,619
1800 3,419 −5.5%
1810 4,595 34.4%
1820 4,772 3.9%
1830 5,717 19.8%
1840 6,442 12.7%
1850 6,920 7.4%
1860 9,122 31.8%
1870 11,028 20.9%
1880 15,541 40.9%
1890 18,761 20.7%
1900 22,021 17.4%
1910 22,296 1.2%
1920 22,384 0.4%
1930 20,480 −8.5%
1940 23,291 13.7%
1950 23,375 0.4%
1960 24,251 3.7%
1970 28,241 16.5%
1980 41,418 46.7%
1990 51,043 23.2%
2000 71,170 39.4%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.

1830, 1840, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 federal population schedules of Sevier County are available online. For tips on accessing census records online, see Tennessee Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in online indexes, try checking printed indexes. Created by local experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide online indexes.

See Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book for more information about statewide printed indexes.

See Sevier County, TN census assignments, including links to transcribed files and scanned images of census microfilm. [The USGenWeb Census Project®].

1800 - Lost, but a substitute is available, see Taxation.

1810 - Lost, but a substitute is available:

  • Sherrill, Charles A. The Reconstructed 1810 Census of Tennessee: 33,000 Long-lost Records from Tax Lists, Court Minutes, Church Records, Wills, Deeds and Other Sources. Mt. Juliet, Tenn.: C.A. Sherrill, 2001. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2s 1810.

1820 - Lost[9]

1820 Manufactures

The original manufactures schedules for the Eastern and Western Districts of Tennessee are kept at the National Archives, Washington, D.C. FHL copies: FHL US/CAN Films 1024517-1024518.

The following book is a useful aid for finding the original records. A free online index, provided by Lineages, which cites the original document numbers, will help researchers determine if this resource can be of assistance: 

These records have also been abstracted:

  • 1820 Census of Manufactures: Sevier County, East Tennessee Roots, Vol. 5, No. 2 ():84. For availability, see Periodicals.

1830

1840

  • Fox, George and Juanita Fox. Sevier County, Tennessee: 1830-1840 Federal Censuses, 1814-1837-1838 Tax Lists. n.p.: G.&J. Fox, 2004. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8893 X2f.

1840 Revolutionary War Pensioners

1850

  • Creekmore, Pollyanna and Blanche C. McMahon. Population Schedule of the United States Census of 1850, Seventh Census, for Sevier County, Tennessee. Knoxville, Tenn.: P. Creekmore, 1953. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8893 X2p 1850.

1850 Agricultural Census

  • Green, Linda L. Tennessee 1850 Agricultural Census. 2 vols. Woodbridge, Va.: L.L. Green, 2000. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2g v. 1 ff. [Sevier County is included in Vol. 2.]

1860

  • Greene, Elmer A. Population Schedule of the United States Census of 1860 (Eighth U.S. Census) for Sevier County, Tennessee. Kingsport, Tenn.: E.A. Greene, 1971. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8893 X2g 1860.

1880

1890 - Lost, but substitutes are available:

  • Reed, Sue S. Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891. 8 vols. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2r v. 1 1891. [Sevier County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • Sistler, Byron H. and Barbara Sistler. 1890 Civil War Veterans Census, Tennessee. Evanston, Ill.: Byron Sister and Associates, 1978. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 X2s 1890.

Church

Methodist Episcopal

Court

DNA

DNA Double Helix.png
DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Sevier County residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.

Genealogy 

It is anticipated that this bibliography will eventually identify all known family histories published about residents of this county. Use this list to:

  • Locate publications about direct ancestors
  • Find the most updated accounts of an ancestor's family
  • Identify publications, to quote Elizabeth Shown Mills, about an ancestor's "FAN Club" [Friends, Associates, and Neighbors]

General

Gordon Aronhime (1911-1983) collected information on hundreds of Southwest Virginia and East Tennessee pioneers. His note cards, which reference more than 4,000 early settlers of the Holston-Clinch River area and East Tennessee (1770s-1790s), are held at the Library of Virginia. The cards have been digitized and made available online.[10]

As of August 2010, a query for persons born in Sevier, Tennessee at World Connect, results in more than 135,000 entries!

  • East Tennessee Historical Society. First Families of Tennessee: A Register of Early Settlers and Their Present-day Descendants. Knoxville, Tenn.: East Tennessee Historical Society, 2000. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 H2ff. [Identifies families that had settled in Tennessee before it achieved statehood in 1796.]
  • Karr, Beulah. The History and Folks of English Mountain: Sevier County, Tennessee. 2004. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8893 D2k.
  • Reagan, Donald B. Smoky Mountain Clans. 3 vols. Knoxville, Tenn.: D.B. Reagan, 1978-1983. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273R22b 1978. [Discusses the Bradley, Conner, Emert, Huskey, McCarter, Reagan, Shultz, Trentham, Watson, and Whaley families.]
  • Russell, Gladys Trentham. Call Me Hillbilly: A Personal Account of Growing Up in the Smokies near Gatlinburg. Alcoa, Tenn.: Russell Pub., [1988]. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8893 D2r.
  • Russell, Gladys Trentham. Smoky Mountain Family Album. Alcoa, Tenn.: Russell Pub., 1984. FHL US/CAN Book 976.889 D2r.
  • Sevier County Heritage Book Committee. Sevier County, Tennessee, and Its Heritage. [Waynesville, N.C.]: Walsworth Pub. Co., 1994. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8893 H2s.

Bibliography

Historic Residences

  • Jones, Robbie D. The Historic Architecture of Sevier County, Tennessee. Sevierville, Tenn.: Smoky Mountain Historical Society, 1996. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8893 J7j.

Immigration

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 11 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Sevier County.[11]

Land

Deeds

Sevier County's early Deed Books do not survive. The Foxes published a substitute for lost Sevier County land records, see Record Loss. Extant Deed Books are kept at the County Courthouse. In the 1970s, TSLA microfilmed surviving Deed Books H to 3 (1845-1909), Trust Deed Book 2 (1883-1890), and an accompanying Index to both (1845-1911). FHL copies: FHL US/CAN Films 969973-969987.

Local Land Entries Issued by North Carolina

The original Sevier County land entries issued by North Carolina are kept at the North Carolina State Archives in Raleigh. On their website, users can bring up a list of land entries issued in Sevier County, both before and after its land became a part of the state of Tennessee. Year covered: 1799.

Instructions:

  1. Follow this link to conduct a "Call Number Search" using the MARS Catalog on their site.
  2. Using the pull down window, change "Call Numbers starting" to "A MarsID matching."
  3. Type 12.14.2 (Windows Vista users may need to include a period after the last digit, for example 12.14.2.) and click Search. This is the specific MarsID for Sevier County.
  4. Click on the entry that is returned: "Tennessee, Sevier County."
  5. In the window that pops up, click Show List of Child Records and a list of Sevier County land entries will be produced. Browse to find abstracts of the original records.[12]

N.B. You can also search by name through the Basic Search, but it lacks soundex capabilities.

Law and Legislation

  • Tennessee State Library and Archives, Acts of Tennessee 1796-1850: Index to Names. January 25, 2005. [In addition to creating new laws, legislative acts were often required to obtain a divorce, grant legitimacy to a child, or for appointments to or grant payments for public service.] TSLA has created an index to names that appear in these acts covering the years 1796 to 1850. To read more about this valuable resource Click here. The searchable index is available at TSLA; another version is available at World Vital Records.

Local Histories

Maps

  • [1794] Reeves, Charles A. Sevier County [Tennessee] - Created September 27, 1794 from Jefferson County. Published 2000. Purchase at ReevesMaps.com; website includes a scaled-down version of the map.
  • [1926] U.S. Geological Survey. Proposed Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Originally published 1926. Purchase at ReevesMaps.com; website includes a scaled-down version of the map.
  • [1934] U.S. Park Service. Preliminary Base Map, Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Originally published 1934. Purchase at ReevesMaps.com; website includes a scaled-down version of the map.

Military

Revolutionary War

The following Sevier County Revolutionary War records are available online through TNGenWeb:

Additional resources include:

War of 1812

  • Embry, Hermione D. "War of 1812 - Tennessee Pensioners on List - January 2, 1883," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Apr. 1961):49-52; Vol. 8, No. 3 (Jul. 1961):95-98. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2a v. 8 (1961); digital version at journal website. [Includes Sevier County pensioners 8(2):52, 9(3):95.]
  • War of 1812 Militia Companies, Smoky Mountain Historical Society Newsletter, Vol. 14, No. 1 (Spring 1988).

Civil War

Newspapers

Many Tennessee newspapers are filmed and available at TSLA. Most of these newspapers may be accessed by interlibrary loan to libraries within Tennessee, although there are some newspapers which are not available in or outside of Tennessee. For further information regarding interlibrary loan policies and newspapers not available for interlibrary loan click here. For a list of newspapers available at the archives for Sevier County click on the following cities or towns:

Occupations

  • Miller, Alan N. East Tennessee's Forgotten Children: Apprentices from 1778 to 1911. Baltimore, Md.: Printed for Clearfield Company, Inc., by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2000. FHL US/CAN 976.8 U2m. Digital version at World Vital Records ($). Purchase at Genealogical.com. [Includes Sevier County.]

Periodicals

Tap into the minds of local experts. Editors of genealogical periodicals publish unique sources that researchers who are new to their area would not likely discover. This type of material may be found in local, regional, or statewide genealogical society journals. The following periodicals cover this county:

Ansearchin' News
Genealogical articles with abstracts of records of Sevier County, Tennessee have been published in Ansearchin' News, the quarterly magazine of the Tennessee Genealogical Society. To view a list of these articles, visit their county index. To read digitized versions of the first 36 years of articles (Vols. 1-36), browse their archive or conduct a surname search. The Family History Library has a complete collection of the Ansearchin' News quarterly FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 B2a.
East Tennessee Roots
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Sevier County, Tennessee records have been published in East Tennessee Roots (10 vols.). A subject index to these articles is available online. Surname indexes to Volumes 9 and 10 are also available online. The Family History Library has collected most issues of East Tennessee Roots FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 D25e.
Smoky Mountain Historical Society Newsletter
Genealogical articles with abstracts of Sevier County, Tennessee records were published in the Smoky Mountain Historical Society Newsletter (33 vols., 1977-2007), the journal of the Smoky Mountain Historical Society. Tables of contents for most issues are available online. Back issues are available for purchase. The Family History Library has acquired a complete collection FHL US/CAN Book 976.889 B2s, as well as Journal Contents and Index of Names: 1977 thru 1996 FHL US/CAN Book 976.889 B2s index.

Prisons

Learn if your Sevier County ancestors went to prison!

Probate

Early Sevier County Will Books do not survive. In the 1970s, TSLA microfilmed Will Books 1 to 2 (1849-1922). FHL copy: FHL US/CAN Film 969971. See also FHL US/CAN Film 464146 Items 1-2.

The following Sevier County probate records have been abstracted and/or indexed:

  • [1849-1861] Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. Index to Tennessee Wills & Administrations 1779-1861. Nashville, Tenn. Byron Sistler & Associates, Inc., 1990. FHL US/CAN 976.8 P22s. [Includes an index to this county's wills.] Free Lookups Available!

Taxation

The original Sevier County Tax Books 1864-1872 are kept at the County Courthouse. In the 1970s, TSLA microfilmed these records. FHL copy: FHL US/CAN Film 969988.

A list of Sevier County tax assessors 1912-1992 was published in Smoky Mountain Historical Society Journal and Newsletter, Vol. 26, No. 2 (Summer 2000).

The following Sevier County tax records have been abstracted and/or indexed:[13]

  • [1799] Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. Index to Early Tennessee Tax Lists. Evanston, Ill.: B. & B. Sistler, 1977. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8 R4s. [Includes 1799 tax list.]
  • [1803] Unpaid Taxes -- 1803 (Blount, Cocke, Sevier Cos.), Smoky Mountain Historical Society Newsletter, Vol. 10, No. 3 (1984). For FHL access, or to purchase back issues, see Periodicals; digital version by Duay O'Neil, at Sevier County, Tennessee, Genealogy & History. [Abstract of The Knoxville Gazette, Aug. 8, 1803.]
  • [1814] "Direct Federal Tax-Delinquent Property Owners Listed for 1814," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 43, No. 3 (Fall 1996):115-120. For possible FHL and online access, as well as indexes, see Periodicals. [Includes Sevier County.]
  • [1814, 1837-1838] Fox, George and Juanita Fox. Sevier County, Tennessee: 1830-1840 Federal Censuses, 1814-1837-1838 Tax Lists. n.p.: G.&J. Fox, 2004. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8893 X2f.
  • [1817] "U.S. Holds 1817 Public Sale of Federal Tax-Delinquent Properties in Tennessee," Ansearchin' News, Vol. 43, No. 2 (Summer 1996):63-68. For possible FHL and online access, as well as indexes, see Periodicals. [Includes Sevier County.]
  • [1820, 1822] Edwards, Olga Jones. The Montgomery Papers, 1817-1913. Tacoma, Washington: O.J. Edwards, 1964. FHL FAM HIST Book 929.273 M766e. [Includes a partial transcripts of 1820 and 1822 tax lists.]
  • [1837] Linn, Beulah D. "1837 Sevier County Tax List," Smoky Mountain Historical Society Newsletter, Vol. 11, No. 4 (1985); Vol. 12, No. 1 (1986). For FHL access, or to purchase back issues, see Periodicals
  • [1864] "1864 Tax List - Partial Transcription," available online, courtesy: Sevier County, Tennessee Genealogy & History.

Vital Records

Marriage

The original Sevier County Marriage Books are kept at the County Courthouse. Early marriage books are lost. In the 1970s and 1980s, TSLA microfilmed Marriage Books 1 to 29 (1856-1951). FHL copies: FHL US/CAN Films 969965-969970, 1928819-1928825.

The following databases may be searched online at the Sevier County TNGenWeb site. 

The following Sevier County marriage records have been abstracted:

  • [1856-1873] Historical Records Project. Marriage Records, 1856-1873, Sevier County, Tennessee. Typescript, TSLA, microfilmed in 1940. FHL US/CAN Film 24816.
  • [1856-1873] Sistler, Byron and Barbara Sistler. Early East Tennessee Marriages. 2 vols. Nashville, Tenn.: Byron Sistler & Associates, Inc., 1987. FHL US/CAN 976.8 V2s v. 1. [Indexes names of brides and grooms, and marriage dates for weddings in this county for the specified years.] Free Lookups Available!
  • [1920-1934] Parton, Robert J., Larry D. Fox, and Smoky Mountain Historical Society. Sevier County, Tennessee Marriage Records 1920-1934. [Sevierville, Tennessee]: Smoky Mountain Historical Society, 1998. FHL US/CAN Book 976.8893 V2p.
Death

For deaths of Methodists in Sevier County between the 1830s and the 1920s, try:

Societies and Libraries 

Smoky Mountain Historical Society
PO Box 5078
Sevierville, TN 37864-5078
E-mail: smhs@SmokyKin.com

East Tennessee Historical Society
601 S. Gay St.
P.O. Box 1629
Knoxville, TN 37901-1629
Phone: 1-865-215-8824
E-mail: eths@east-tennessee-history.org

Sevier County Public Library System
321 Court Ave.
Sevierville, TN 37862
Phone: 1-865-453-3532

King Family Library
408 High St.
Sevierville, TN 37862
Hours:
Mon. 9 a.m.-7 p.m.
Tues. 11 a.m.-6 p.m.
Wed. 9 a.m.-4 p.m.
Thurs. 11 a.m.-7 p.m.
Fri. 9 a.m.-5 p.m.
Sat. 11 a.m.-4 p.m.

The Sevier County History Center
321 Court Ave.
Sevierville, TN 37862
Hours: Mon. 3 p.m.-7 p.m.
Tues.-Fri. 12 p.m.-4 p.m.
Genealogy resources include court records, land records, history and more.
To see what is available at the center and online accessibility of some records click here.

Anna Porter Public Library
158 Proffitt Road, out Highway 321 at the Gatlinburg Community Center
Phone: 1-865-436-5588
E-mail: kt@annaporterpl.org
Hours: Mon., Tues., Wed., Fri. 10 a.m.-5 p.m.
Thurs. 10 a.m.-8 p.m.
Sat. 10 a.m.-1 p.m.
The Anna Porter Library houses a collection of items relating to Gatlinburg, the Great Smoky Mountains and southern Appalachia. This includes oral history audio tapes recorded over 30 years ago.

Family History Centers

401 Hardin Ln
Sevierville, TN
Phone: 1-865-428-8550

This is not a mailing address. Due to limited staff, Family History Centers are unable to respond to mail inquiries.

Web Sites

Wikipedia
Wikipedia has more about this subject: Sevier County, Tennessee

References

  1. "Earliest County Records," Tennessee State Library and Archives.
  2. "John Sevier," Wikipedia.
  3. “State of Franklin” in North Carolina History Project at http://www.northcarolinahistory.org/encyclopedia/99/entry (accessed 27 June 2010).
  4. “State of Franklin” in The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture at http://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/imagegallery.php?EntryID=F061 (accessed 27 June 2010).
  5. Robert M. McBride, "Lost Counties of Tennessee," East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications 38 (1966): 6.
  6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), 643. (FHL Collection Ref Book 973 D27e 2002). WorldCat entry.
  7. Voice of Lynnae Weller, Kingsport, Tenn. (2010).
  8. Voice of Louise Lynch, Archivist, Williamson County, Tennessee Archives (2010).
  9. Mary Barnett Curtis, Early East Tennessee Tax Lists: a compiled list of residents of the area covered in 22 east Tennessee counties for which there is (sic) no census records prior to 1830 (Fort Worth, Texas: Arrow Printing, 1964) [FHL 976.8 R4c].
  10. "Original Virginia Records Imaged and Indexed Online," Arlene Eakle's Virginia Genealogy Blog, 12 October 2008.
  11. Kenneth Scott. British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979, 372-378 (see East Tennessee). FHL US/CAN 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  12. J. Mark Lowe, "The Land Grant Processes of North Carolina and Tennessee," Lecture, Federation of Genealogical Societies Conference, Knoxville, Tenn., August 21, 2010.
  13. The Heritage Quest Online version of PERSI aided in the compilation of this list.

 

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