South Carolina CensusEdit This Page

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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png South Carolina Gotoarrow.png Census

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  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online South Carolina indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New York 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - - - - - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link] Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1860-1880

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New York 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link

1790-1850

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of New York 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
partial 1850 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1810 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1800 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1790 indexes Link - Tran-
script
Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.

Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1900 and Soundex 1850 1810
1930 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1840 1800
1920 and Soundex 1870 1830 1790
1910 and Soundex 1860 1820


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1900 T623 and Soundex T1070 1850 M432 1810 M252
1930 T626 1880 T9 and Soundex T771 1840 M704 1800 M32
1920 T625 and Soundex M1586 1870 M593 1830 M19 1790 M637
1910 T624 and Soundex T1275 1860 M653 1820 M33

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of South Carolina, South Carolina Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for South Carolina

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Family Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[1] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[1] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners - BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

1850-1880 Mortality 1850-1880 Agriculture 1850-1880 Industry
1840 Pensioners 1820 Manufacturers 1890 Union Veterans and Widows

For a list of non-population schedules available at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, click here.

For 1890 Union veterans and widows of Union veterans of the Civil War at the National Archives M123, click here

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of South Carolina, South Carolina Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book.

State and colonial censuses

South Carolina took censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

South Carolina state and colonial censuses
Date Population Schedules
No State Census found after 1875.[2]
1875 Agricultural and population returns complete in Clarendon, Newberry, and Marlboro counties; partially complete in Abbeville, Beaufort, Fairfield, Lancaster, and Sumter counties.[3]
1869 State population returns. Missing in Clarendon, Oconee, and Spartanburg counties.[3]
1868 Agricultural returns only.[3]
1861 City of Charleston.[4]
1848 City of Charleston.[5]
1839 State census only for Beaufort, Chesterfield, Kershaw, and Lexington districts.[3][6]
1829 State census only for Fairfield and Laurens districts.[3]

For a list of state censuses available at the South Carolina Department of Archives and History, click here.

Family History Library collection
  • "1829 Census of Laurens District," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Spring 1976):103-113; Vol. 4, No. 3 (Summer 1976):139-151. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 4
  • "The 1839 State Census of Lexington District," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 25, No. 3 (Summer 1997):137-143. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 25
  • "The 1839 State Census of Beaufort District," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Summer 2008):139-143; Vol. 36, No. 4 (Fall 2008):193-195; Vol. 37, No. 1 (Winter 2009):29-31; Vol. 37, No. 2 (Spring 2009):89-91; Vol. 38, No. 2 (Spring 2009):89-91. FHL Books 975.7 B2sc v. 36-v. 38 [Abstract of SCDAH microfilm CN 656B.]

Census substitutes

Hendrix's publication can be used as a census substitute for the late 1770s:

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing South Carolina censuses, South Carolina Censuses Existing and Lost.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

United States Census for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  2. Henry J. Dubester, WorldCat 37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States] (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 57-58, 72.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Ann S. Lainhart, WorldCat 26517040 State Census Records] (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 102.
  4. Charleston (S.C.). City Council, Census of the City of Charleston, South Carolina for the Year 1861 (Charleston: City Council, 1861) Digitized by Google Books.
  5. J. L. Dawson, and H. W. De Saussure, WorldCat 6048323 Census of the city of Charleston, South Carolina, for the year 1848 : exhibiting the condition and prospects of the city, illustrated by many statistical details] (Charleston, South Carolina : J.B. Nixon, 1849)[FHL Book 975.791/C1 X2p 1848; Film 823835 Item 2].
  6. "The 1839 State Census of Beaufort District," The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research, Vol. 36, No. 3 (Summer 2008):139-143. FHL Book 975.7 B2sc v. 36
  7. Name Search at Genealogical.com is a comprehensive name index to 638 books and CDs published or reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company (now Genealogical.com). For a complete list of the works included, see Publications in Name Search at Genealogical.com


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.



 

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