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[[Portal:United States Census|Portal:United States Census ]]>[[Tennessee|Tennessee]]  
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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Tennessee|Tennessee ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]]  [[Tennessee_Census|Census]]'' {{Adoption TNGenWeb}}
  
== Availability  ==
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|-
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| width="44%" | __TOC__
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| valign="middle" | <center><font size="+1">'''Tips'''</font></center>
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*If at first you don't find a name, try again under [[Spelling Substitution Tables for the United States and Canada|another spelling]].
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*[[Copying Sources|Photocopy]] each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
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*Look for an ancestor in '''''every''''' census during her or his lifetime.
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*On the [[Adding a Custom Event to a PAF Family Group Record|family group record]] show&nbsp;each person's census listings.
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*Study&nbsp;others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in [[Research a Family in Community Context|community context]].
  
The following&nbsp;censuses for Tennessee are available:
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<br>
  
'''1790 and earlier:'''&nbsp;
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*For a list of the exact date of each federal census, [[Tennessee Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]].
  
For the area that is now Tennessee, but was part of North Carolina until 1790:
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|}
  
*Fulcher, Richard C. 1770–1790 Census of the Cumberland Settlements: Davidson, Sumner and Tennessee Counties (in what is now Tennessee). Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1987. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=529560&disp=1770%2D1790+census+of+the+Cumberland+set%20%20&columns=*,0,0 976.8 X2f].)
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=== Online Tennessee indexes and images  ===
*McGhee, Lucy Kate. Partial Census of 1787 to 1791 of Tennessee as Taken from the North Carolina Land Grants. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1990. (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=484751&disp=Historical+records+of+the+Cherokee+India++ 1728882] item 4: parts 1 and 2; [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=484757&disp=Partial+census+of+1787+to+1791+of+Tennes++ 1683130] item 3: part 3).
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'''1810–1880:''' All Federal censuses are available for Tennessee, with the following exceptions:
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{{Census Online Tennessee}}
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1810:''' Only the Rutherford County census survived.
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=== Federal population schedules  ===
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; '''1820:''' Only the censuses for Middle and West Tennessee survived.&nbsp;[http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sdcensus/sd1860cen.pl?cj=1&o_xid=0001231185&o_lid=0001231185&o_xt=1231185]
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
'''1860 United States Census'''''—''A free Internet index and images to the 1860 United States Census can be viewed on the [http://search.labs.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1473181 FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site.] This index includes every name listed on the census and is linked to an image including information about each person’s residence and age in 1860, birthplace, occupation, other family members, whether married or single, and neighbors.
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[Family History Library|Family History Library]]'''  
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|-
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| 1940 N/A  
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| {{FHL|650826|title-id|disp=1900 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|744499|title-id|disp=1850}}
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| {{FHL|745506|title-id|disp=1810}}
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| &nbsp;
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|-
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| {{FHL|1037515|title-id|disp=1930}}
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| {{FHL|676518|title-id|disp=1880 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|745506|title-id|disp=1840}}
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| &nbsp;
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|-
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| {{FHL|558323|title-id|disp=1920}}
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| {{FHL|698920|title-id|disp=1870}}
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| {{FHL|745506|title-id|disp=1830}}
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| &nbsp;
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|-
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| {{FHL|646859|title-id|disp=1910 and Soundex}}
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| {{FHL|706407|title-id|disp=1860}}
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| {{FHL|745506|title-id|disp=1820}}
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| &nbsp;
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|}
  
'''1870 United States Census---'''A free internet index and images can be viewed on [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1438024 FamilySearch Record Pilot site]. This index includes the full name, age, sex, race, birthplace, occupation, month if born in census year, month if married in census year, birth place of father and mother, if born in a foreign country.  
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{| width="745" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" class="FCK__ShowTableBorders"
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|+ '''Federal Census Microfilms Available from the [[National Archives and Records Administration|National Archives]]'''  
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|-
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| 1940 N/A  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-08.html#tennessee 1900 T623]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1900/part-06.html#tennessee Soundex T1072]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-03.html#tennessee 1850 M432]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1810 1810 M252]
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|-
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| [http://1930census.archives.gov/stateSearch.asp 1930 T626]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-07.html#tennessee 1880 T9]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-06.html#tennessee Soundex T772]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1840 1840 M704]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-09.html#tennessee 1920 T625]&nbsp;<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282166766250_571" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1282166766250_28" />and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1920/part-05.html#tennessee Soundex M1588]  
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-05.html#tennessee 1870 M593]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1830 1830 M19]
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|-
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#tennessee 1910 T624]&nbsp;and [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1910/part-04.html#tennessee Soundex T1276]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-04.html#tennessee 1860 M653]
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| [http://www.archives.gov/publications/microfilm-catalogs/census/1790-1890/part-02.html#1820 1820 M33]
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| &nbsp;
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|}
  
'''1890:''' Destroyed except for the Union veterans schedule.
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==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; A reconstructed 1890 federal census index using tax lists is at the Memphis/Shelby County Public Library.
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For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Tennessee, [[Tennessee Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]]
  
'''1900 Federal Census''' - A free Internet index and images to the 1900 United States Census can be viewed on the&nbsp; [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#start FamilySearch Record Search – Pilot Site<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1236863911171_679" />]. Important additions to this census are month and year of birth of each household member, number of years married for each married person, number of children born to each mother and the number of those still living, year of immigration, and number of years in the United States. '''1900–1930:''' All Federal censuses are available for Tennessee.
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=== Federal non-population schedules  ===
  
'''1940–present:''' Have not been released to the public.
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==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
== Historical Background  ==
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{| width="77%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Tennessee'''</font>
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="2" | <br>
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Pay'''
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|-
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''
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| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Google Book'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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|-
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| '''1890'''
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| width="20%" | Veterans
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8667&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1880'''
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| width="20%" | Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1417683 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
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|-
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| '''1870'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | '''Lost'''
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| align="center" | '''Lost'''
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| align="center" | '''Lost'''
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Slave owner
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B8457527%3B-1%3B8%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=4479091&hitcount=5479 Link]<ref name="HQSlave">HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.</ref>
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=7668&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
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|-
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| '''1860'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1473181 Link]
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| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Slave owner
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1420440 Link]
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| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
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| align="center" | [http://persi.heritagequestonline.com/hqoweb/library/do/census/results/image?urn=urn%3Aproquest%3AUS%3Bcensus%3B12159696%3B-1%3B7%3B18&searchtype=3&offset=1&locthreadid=8194799&hitcount=4245 Link]<ref name="HQSlave" />
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/iexec/?htx=List&dbid=8055&offerid=0%3a7858%3a0 Link]
 +
|-
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| '''1850'''
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| Mortality
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| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1401638 Link]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3530 Link]
 +
|-
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| '''1840'''
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| Pensioners
 +
| align="center" | [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1786457 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1840c-01.pdf BookLink]
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| align="center" | [http://books.google.com/books?id=W7JYAAAAMAAJ&dq=1840+census+pensioners&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=W0XUmfgahX&sig=WRyMIVwiePLwKmlxhbchJl1ZeeA&hl=en&ei=SJ0MSvSrBqOMtgf19I2FCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10#PPA61,M1 BookLink]
 +
| align="center" | -
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestrylibrary.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
| align="center" | [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7678 Link]
 +
|}
  
The area now comprising Tennessee was part of North Carolina until 1790.
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==== Microfilm images  ====
  
== Indexes  ==
+
*'''1890 Veterans''' United States Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0123. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1948 (Family History Library films {{FHL|230777|title-id|disp=338254–57}}). Some Confederate veterans are included.
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*'''1857 Agricultural.''' Marshall County, Tennessee Agricultural schedule, 1857. Nashville, Tennessee: State Library and Archives (Family History Library film {{FHL|200055|title-id|disp=977522}}). This record is arranged by districts within Marshall County and then alphabetically by surname.
  
If possible, use online indexes first. Use other indexes if the ancestor was not found.
+
==== Indexes: fiche, film, or book  ====
  
==== Online  ====
+
For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Tennessee, [[Tennessee Non-Population Schedule Indexes: Fiche, Film, or Book|click here]].
  
'''1810–1930: '''All existing federal census records for Tennessee&nbsp;have&nbsp;every name&nbsp;indexes&nbsp;online at [[Www.ancestry.com|www.ancestry.com]]&nbsp;($$).
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=== State, territorial, and colonial censuses  ===
  
'''1810–1850; 1870; [***other years]:''' Indexed online at [http://www.heritagequestonline.com www.heritagequestonline.com].
+
Tennessee&nbsp;took censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
&nbsp;
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{| width="100%" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="center"
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|-
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| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''Tennessee state, territorial, and colonial census schedules'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 104.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 60.</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| width="18%" bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" | '''Exact Date'''
 +
| width="600" bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" | '''Population Schedules'''
 +
|-
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| align="left" | '''1865, 1869, 1897'''
 +
| align="left" | County of Shelby: Memphis<ref>Joe Bledsoe, ''Memphis, Tennessee Census, 1865, 1869, 1897'' (Nashville, Tenn.: Tennessee State Library and Archives, [19--])[[{{Bledso}}]].</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1891'''
 +
| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist: enumeration of 21 years and older of male citizens of Tennessee.<ref>Reed, Sue S. ''Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891''. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. ([{{ReedSS}}]). Each of the eight volumes in the record is individually indexed for the counties listed. All counties not included in this work are on microfilm at the [[Tennessee State Library and Archives]].</ref>
 +
|-
 +
| align="left" | '''1833'''
 +
| align="left" | County of Hardin.<ref>Albert Brown, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/title/1833-census-of-males-21-over-hardin-co-tennessee/oclc/33287387 The 1833 Census of Males 21 and over, Hardin Co., Tennessee]'' (Bethel Springs, Tennessee: History and Genealogy, 1994). (Family History Library book [{{HardinTN33}}].)</ref>
 +
|}
  
==== Book  ====
+
*'''1787-1791''' McGhee, Lucy Kate. ''Partial Census of 1787 to 1791 of Tennessee as Taken from the North Carolina Land Grants''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1990. (Family History Library films {{FHL|484751|title-id|disp=1728882}} item 4: parts 1 and 2; {{FHL|484757|title-id|disp=1683130}} item 3: part 3).
 +
*'''1770-1790''' Fulcher, Richard C. ''1770–1790 Census of the Cumberland Settlements: Davidson, Sumner and Tennessee Counties (in what is now Tennessee)''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1987. (Family History Library book {{FHL|529560|title-id|disp=976.8 X2f}}.) Also [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3006 Ancestry.com] $.<br>
  
Statewide book indexes exist for Tennessee for the following years:
+
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
  
'''1810–1840:''' The&nbsp;books&nbsp;index&nbsp;the head of&nbsp;each household.  
+
For a list of available and missing Tennessee censuses, [[Tennessee Censuses Existing and Lost|click here]]. <br>
  
'''1850–1890, 1910:''' Books usually&nbsp;index the first person listed in the census—usually the father or head of the house. The Indexes also include the first person by any other surname listed in the household.
+
=== Why use a census?  ===
  
'''County indexes:''' Do a '''Place Search''' for for the county&nbsp;in the Family History Library Catalog, and choose from selections under '''Census'''.
+
A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.  
  
&nbsp;
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=== More about censuses  ===
  
==== Film  ====
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[[United States Census|Click here]] for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:
  
All years available at the Family History Library. Do a '''Place Search''' for [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=localitydetails&subject=362&subject_disp=Tennessee&columns=*,0,0 Tennessee] and choose from the '''Census''' options.
+
:*[[United States Census Searching|index searching tips]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Analyzing Census Data|analyzing and using what you find]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Accuracy|census accuracy]]
 +
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]
 +
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
  
==== Soundex ====
+
=== Research guides ===
  
There is a [[Soundex|SOUNDEX]] (phonetic) index on microfilm for part of the 1880 census and all of the 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 censuses.
+
The [[Tennessee State Library and Archives|Tennessee State Library and Archives]] offers three free online census guides:
  
The 1910 Soundex is in two parts: 1 -&nbsp;Cities (Chattanooga, Knoxville, Memphis, and Nashville) and 2 - The rest of the state.&nbsp;Search both soundexes, if not found in the one you expected.  
+
*[http://www.tn.gov/tsla/history/census/census1820.htm Making the Best Use of Tennessee Census Index Books, 1820-1840]
 +
*[http://www.tn.gov/tsla/history/census/census1850.htm Making the Best Use of Tennessee Census Index Books, 1850-1880]
 +
*[http://www.tn.gov/tsla/history/census/census1880.htm Making the Best Use of Tennessee Census Index Books, 1880-1930]
  
==== Research Aids<br> ====
+
See the&nbsp;[[Tennessee Archives and Libraries|Tennessee Archives and Libraries]] article for facilities with regional collections which might include census records.&nbsp;
  
'''Maps''' show the many boundary changes over the years. One publication that shows counties as they existed when Federal censuses were taken is:
+
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
  
*Thorndale and Dollarhide’s [http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=545087&disp=Map+guide+to+the+U%2ES%2E+Federal+census%20%20&columns=*,0,0 Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790–1920]. Tennessee is represented on pages 314–325.
+
{{reflist}}
  
== Special Censuses  ==
+
{{Tennessee|Tennessee}}{{USCensus}}
  
In addition to the "population schedules," the Federal government took other schedules, sometimes called "non-population schedules." These include:<br>
+
[[Category:Tennessee|Census]] [[Category:Census_by_State|{{PAGENAME}}]] [[Category:Census|Tennessee]]
 
+
'''Agricultural schedules: '''Few are at the Family History Library, with the following exception:
+
 
+
*Marshall County, Tennessee Agricultural schedule, 1857. Nashville, Tennessee: State Library and Archives (Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=200055&disp=Marshall+County%2C+Tennessee+agricultura++ 977522]). This record is arranged by districts within Marshall County and then alphabetically by surname.
+
 
+
'''Slave schedules:''' Taken with&nbsp;the 1850 and 1860 censuses, list the names of slave owners but seldom list the names of the slaves. The numbers of slaves, whether male or female, and the slaves’ age-ranges are given. Tennessee slave schedules at the Family History Library are cataloged with the population schedules.
+
 
+
Slaves who died during the twelve months before the 1850 and 1860 censuses were taken (30 June 1850 and 30 June 1860) are included in the mortality schedules.
+
 
+
'''Mortality Schedules (1850–1880):''' Mortality schedules list persons who died during the twelve months before the 1850–1880 Federal censuses were taken.
+
 
+
They provide&nbsp;the month and cause of death and the number of days ill for each deceased person, in addition to the same information&nbsp;provided in&nbsp;the regular census schedules&nbsp;for the living. The Tennessee State Archives has these schedules, and the Family History Library has copies:
+
 
+
*United States. Bureau of the Census. Federal Mortality Census Schedules and Related Indexes: Tennessee; 1850–1860
+
*Tennessee Mortality Schedules. Nashville, Tennessee: Byron Sistler and Associates, 1984. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=48049&disp=Tennessee+mortality+schedules++ 976.8 X2t]; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=1697901 1697901] item 5.) This record covers the census years 1850–1860 and 1880 in a combined format.
+
 
+
*[http://mortalityschedules.com/ Mortality Schedules 1850-1880]
+
 
+
'''1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules'''—A free Internet index and images to the 1850 United States Census Mortality Schedules can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#p=collectionDetails;t=searchable;c=1420441 FamilySearch Record Search - Pilot Site]. Mortality schedules provided nationwide death statistics for the twelve months&nbsp;prior to the 1850 census.&nbsp; Key genealogical facts found on the 1850 mortality&nbsp;schedule are: Name, age, sex, color, married or widowed, birthplace, month of death, occupation, cause of death.
+
 
+
'''Veterans Schedules (1840 and 1890):''' The 1840 Federal Census included a list of Revolutionary War veterans, and the 1890 census included&nbsp;Civil War veterans. A book with the actual 1840 census information is:
+
 
+
*A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service: With Their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshals of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington DC: Printed by Blair and Rives, 1841. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=282860&disp=A+Census+of+pensioners+for+Revolutionary%20%20&columns=*,0,0 973 X2pc 1840; film 1064759 item 3.)]
+
 
+
The following indexes these veterans for all states:
+
 
+
*A General Index to a Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Service, 1840. Baltimore, Maryland.: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1965. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=282860&disp=A+Census+of+pensioners+for+Revolutionary%20%20&columns=*,0,0 973 X2pc] 1965 index; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=283600&disp=A+General+index+to+a+census+of+pensioner++ 6046771]; film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=284087&disp=A+General+index+to+a+census+of+pensioner++ 899835] items 1–2.)
+
 
+
For the 1890 census of Tennessee Union Army veterans of the Civil War, see:
+
 
+
*United States Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0123. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1948 (Family History Library films [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=230777&disp=Schedules+enumerating+Union+veterans+and++ 338254–57]). Some Confederate veterans are included.
+
 
+
For an index to the 1890 veterans schedules see:
+
 
+
*Jackson, Ronald Vern. Tennessee 1890 Census Index. Salt Lake City, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems, 1990. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=555708&disp=Tennessee+1890+census+index%20%20&columns=*,0,0 976.8 X2j] 1890.)
+
 
+
A resource for finding Tennesseans in Texas during the 1890 Civil War Veterans census is:
+
 
+
*1890 Civil War Veterans Census, Tennesseans in Texas. Evanston, Illinois: n.p., 1978. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlehitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&callno=976.4+X2e 976.4 X2e] 1890; fiche [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titlefilmnotes&columns=*%2C0%2C0&titleno=114230&disp=1890+Civil+War+veterans+census%2C+Tennes++ 6087374].)
+
 
+
&nbsp;
+
 
+
== State Censuses  ==
+
 
+
At times the state, county, or city may have a census taken for various reasons. The Family History Library has copies of a few censuses taken in Tennessee:
+
 
+
*Reed, Sue S. Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. (Family History Library book [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=titledetails&titleno=461479&disp=Enumeration+of+male+inhabitants+of+twent%20%20&columns=*,0,0 976.8 X2r] 1891). Each of the eight volumes in the record is individually indexed for the counties listed. All counties not included in this work are on microfilm at the Tennessee State Library and Archives.
+
*Memphis, Tennessee Census, 1869 (3rd Ward), 1897. Nashville, Tennessee: Tennessee State Library and Archives (Family History Library film [http://www.familysearch.org/eng/library/fhlcatalog/supermainframeset.asp?display=filmhitlist&columns=*%2C0%2C0&filmno=375237 375237 item 3: contains 1869, item 6: contains 1897]).
+
 
+
== Territorial Censuses  ==
+
 
+
None exist, since Tennessee was included in North Carolina until 1790 and was never a territory.
+
 
+
== <br>Web Sites  ==
+
 
+
Ancestry ($$):&nbsp; [http://www.ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com]
+
 
+
Heritage Quest Online:&nbsp; [http://www.heritagequestonline.com http://www.heritagequestonline.com]
+
 
+
Census Online:&nbsp; [http://www.census-online.com/links/TN/ http://www.census-online.com/links/TN/]
+
 
+
Genealogy Today:&nbsp; [http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/tn/census.html http://dir.genealogytoday.com/usa/tn/census.html]
+
 
+
Access Genealogy:&nbsp; [http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/tennessee.htm http://www.accessgenealogy.com/census/tennessee.htm]
+
 
+
Tennessee State Library and Archives: [http://www.state.tn.us/tsla/ http://www.state.tn.us/tsla/]
+
 
+
National Archives: [http://www.archives.gov/ http://www.archives.gov/]
+
 
+
Mortality Schedules:&nbsp; [http://mortalityschedules.com/ http://mortalityschedules.com/]
+
 
+
== References  ==
+
 
+
''[http://www.familysearch.org/eng/Search/Rg/frameset_rg.asp?Dest=G1&Aid=&Gid=&Lid=&Sid=&Did=&Juris1=&Event=&Year=&Gloss=&Sub=&Tab=&Entry=&Guide=Tenness.ASP Tennessee Research Outline].'' Salt Lake City, Utah: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., Family History Department, 1998, 2001.
+
 
+
[[Category:Tennessee]]
+

Latest revision as of 21:10, 22 August 2012

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Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Tennessee indexes and images

1880-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Tennessee 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1810-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Tennessee 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1870 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1810 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc. Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1900 and Soundex 1850 1810  
1930 1880 and Soundex 1840  
1920 1870 1830  
1910 and Soundex 1860 1820  
Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1900 T623 and Soundex T1072 1850 M432 1810 M252
1930 T626 1880 T9 and Soundex T772 1840 M704
1920 T625 and Soundex M1588 1870 M593 1830 M19
1910 T624 and Soundex T1276 1860 M653 1820 M33  

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Tennessee, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Tennessee

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Lost Lost Lost
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

  • 1890 Veterans United States Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0123. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1948 (Family History Library films 338254–57). Some Confederate veterans are included.
  • 1857 Agricultural. Marshall County, Tennessee Agricultural schedule, 1857. Nashville, Tennessee: State Library and Archives (Family History Library film 977522). This record is arranged by districts within Marshall County and then alphabetically by surname.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Tennessee, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Tennessee took censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

Tennessee state, territorial, and colonial census schedules[9][10]
Exact Date Population Schedules
1865, 1869, 1897 County of Shelby: Memphis[11]
1891 Exist: enumeration of 21 years and older of male citizens of Tennessee.[12]
1833 County of Hardin.[13]
  • 1787-1791 McGhee, Lucy Kate. Partial Census of 1787 to 1791 of Tennessee as Taken from the North Carolina Land Grants. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1990. (Family History Library films 1728882 item 4: parts 1 and 2; 1683130 item 3: part 3).
  • 1770-1790 Fulcher, Richard C. 1770–1790 Census of the Cumberland Settlements: Davidson, Sumner and Tennessee Counties (in what is now Tennessee). Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1987. (Family History Library book 976.8 X2f.) Also Ancestry.com $.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Tennessee censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Research guides

The Tennessee State Library and Archives offers three free online census guides:

See the Tennessee Archives and Libraries article for facilities with regional collections which might include census records. 

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  9. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 104.
  10. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 60.
  11. Joe Bledsoe, Memphis, Tennessee Census, 1865, 1869, 1897 (Nashville, Tenn.: Tennessee State Library and Archives, [19--])[FHL Film 375237+].
  12. Reed, Sue S. Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. (FHL Book 976.8 X2r). Each of the eight volumes in the record is individually indexed for the counties listed. All counties not included in this work are on microfilm at the Tennessee State Library and Archives.
  13. Albert Brown, The 1833 Census of Males 21 and over, Hardin Co., Tennessee (Bethel Springs, Tennessee: History and Genealogy, 1994). (Family History Library book 976.831 X28b 1833.)

 

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  • This page was last modified on 22 August 2012, at 21:10.
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