Tennessee Census

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==== Online indexes and images  ====
 
==== Online indexes and images  ====
  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Tennessee'''</font>
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" colspan="11" | <font size="+1">'''Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Tennessee'''</font>
 
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" colspan="3" | '''Free'''  
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)  
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" colspan="3" | '''Free at Some Libraries''' (usually&nbsp;with&nbsp;library&nbsp;card)  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Pay'''
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| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Year'''  
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| bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Year'''  
| align="center" width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Type'''  
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| width="10%" bgcolor="#ff9900" align="center" | '''Type'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Record Search'''  
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Record Search'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Census Bureau'''  
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| bgcolor="#ff9966" align="center" | '''Census Bureau'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9966" | '''Google Book'''  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Heritage Quest'''  
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Heritage Quest'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry FHL'''  
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry FHL'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#cccccc" | '''Ancestry Library'''  
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| bgcolor="#cccccc" align="center" | '''Ancestry Library'''  
| align="center" bgcolor="#ff9900" | '''Ancestry Home'''
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| '''1890'''  
 
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Tennessee&nbsp;took censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
 
Tennessee&nbsp;took censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.  
  
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| align="center" bgcolor="#99cc99" colspan="90" | '''Tennessee state, territorial, and colonial census schedules'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 104.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 60.</ref>
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| bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" colspan="90" | '''Tennessee state, territorial, and colonial census schedules'''<ref>Ann S. Lainhart, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/26517040 State Census Records]'' (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 104.</ref><ref>Henry J. Dubester, ''[http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/37244714 State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States]'' (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 60.</ref>
 
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| align="center" width="18%" bgcolor="#99cc99" | '''Exact Date'''  
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| width="18%" bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" | '''Exact Date'''  
| align="center" width="600" bgcolor="#99cc99" | '''Population Schedules'''
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| width="600" bgcolor="#99cc99" align="center" | '''Population Schedules'''
 
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| align="left" | '''1865, 1869, 1897'''  
 
| align="left" | '''1865, 1869, 1897'''  
 
| align="left" | County of Shelby: Memphis<ref>Joe Bledsoe, ''Memphis, Tennessee Census, 1865, 1869, 1897'' (Nashville, Tenn.: Tennessee State Library and Archives, [19--])[[{{Bledso}}]].</ref>
 
| align="left" | County of Shelby: Memphis<ref>Joe Bledsoe, ''Memphis, Tennessee Census, 1865, 1869, 1897'' (Nashville, Tenn.: Tennessee State Library and Archives, [19--])[[{{Bledso}}]].</ref>
 
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| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | '''1891'''  
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | '''1891'''  
| align="left" bgcolor="#ffffcc" | Exist: enumeration of 21 years and older of male citizens of Tennessee.<ref>Reed, Sue S. ''Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891''. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. ([{{ReedSS}}]). Each of the eight volumes in the record is individually indexed for the counties listed. All counties not included in this work are on microfilm at the [[Tennessee State Library and Archives]].</ref>
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| bgcolor="#ffffcc" align="left" | Exist: enumeration of 21 years and older of male citizens of Tennessee.<ref>Reed, Sue S. ''Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891''. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. ([{{ReedSS}}]). Each of the eight volumes in the record is individually indexed for the counties listed. All counties not included in this work are on microfilm at the [[Tennessee State Library and Archives]].</ref>
 
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| align="left" | '''1833'''  
 
| align="left" | '''1833'''  
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*'''1787-1791''' McGhee, Lucy Kate. ''Partial Census of 1787 to 1791 of Tennessee as Taken from the North Carolina Land Grants''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1990. (Family History Library films {{FHL|484751|title-id|disp=1728882}} item 4: parts 1 and 2; {{FHL|484757|title-id|disp=1683130}} item 3: part 3).  
 
*'''1787-1791''' McGhee, Lucy Kate. ''Partial Census of 1787 to 1791 of Tennessee as Taken from the North Carolina Land Grants''. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1990. (Family History Library films {{FHL|484751|title-id|disp=1728882}} item 4: parts 1 and 2; {{FHL|484757|title-id|disp=1683130}} item 3: part 3).  
*'''1770-1790''' Fulcher, Richard C. ''1770–1790 Census of the Cumberland Settlements: Davidson, Sumner and Tennessee Counties (in what is now Tennessee)''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1987. (Family History Library book {{FHL|529560|title-id|disp=976.8 X2f}}.)
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*'''1770-1790''' Fulcher, Richard C. ''1770–1790 Census of the Cumberland Settlements: Davidson, Sumner and Tennessee Counties (in what is now Tennessee)''. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1987. (Family History Library book {{FHL|529560|title-id|disp=976.8 X2f}}.) Also [http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3006 Ancestry.com] $.<br>
  
 
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===
 
=== Existing and lost censuses  ===

Revision as of 21:10, 22 August 2012

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Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Tennessee indexes and images

1880-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Tennessee 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link - -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1810-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Tennessee 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1870 indexes Link - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860 indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images - Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1840 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1830 indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1820 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
partial 1810 indexes Link - - Link  - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc. Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1900 and Soundex 1850 1810  
1930 1880 and Soundex 1840  
1920 1870 1830  
1910 and Soundex 1860 1820  
Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1900 T623 and Soundex T1072 1850 M432 1810 M252
1930 T626 1880 T9 and Soundex T772 1840 M704
1920 T625 and Soundex M1588 1870 M593 1830 M19
1910 T624 and Soundex T1276 1860 M653 1820 M33  

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Tennessee, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Tennessee

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality Link - - - Lost Lost Lost
1860 Slave owner - - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Slave owner Link - - Link[8] Link Link Link
1850 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

  • 1890 Veterans United States Census Office. 11th Census, 1890. Schedules Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War. National Archives Microfilm Publications, M0123. Washington, DC: National Archives, 1948 (Family History Library films 338254–57). Some Confederate veterans are included.
  • 1857 Agricultural. Marshall County, Tennessee Agricultural schedule, 1857. Nashville, Tennessee: State Library and Archives (Family History Library film 977522). This record is arranged by districts within Marshall County and then alphabetically by surname.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Tennessee, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Tennessee took censuses in the years between the federal censuses. The dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

Tennessee state, territorial, and colonial census schedules[9][10]
Exact Date Population Schedules
1865, 1869, 1897 County of Shelby: Memphis[11]
1891 Exist: enumeration of 21 years and older of male citizens of Tennessee.[12]
1833 County of Hardin.[13]
  • 1787-1791 McGhee, Lucy Kate. Partial Census of 1787 to 1791 of Tennessee as Taken from the North Carolina Land Grants. Salt Lake City, Utah: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1990. (Family History Library films 1728882 item 4: parts 1 and 2; 1683130 item 3: part 3).
  • 1770-1790 Fulcher, Richard C. 1770–1790 Census of the Cumberland Settlements: Davidson, Sumner and Tennessee Counties (in what is now Tennessee). Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing, 1987. (Family History Library book 976.8 X2f.) Also Ancestry.com $.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Tennessee censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Research guides

The Tennessee State Library and Archives offers three free online census guides:

See the Tennessee Archives and Libraries article for facilities with regional collections which might include census records. 

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. 8.0 8.1 HeritageQuest has slave owner schedule images only.
  9. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 104.
  10. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 60.
  11. Joe Bledsoe, Memphis, Tennessee Census, 1865, 1869, 1897 (Nashville, Tenn.: Tennessee State Library and Archives, [19--])[FHL Film 375237+].
  12. Reed, Sue S. Enumeration of Male Inhabitants of Twenty-one Years of Age and Upward, Citizens of Tennessee, January 1, 1891, as Provided for by an Act of General Assembly of Tennessee, Passed January 15, 1891, and Approved January 22, 1891. Houston, Texas: S.S. Reed, 1989. (FHL Book 976.8 X2r). Each of the eight volumes in the record is individually indexed for the counties listed. All counties not included in this work are on microfilm at the Tennessee State Library and Archives.
  13. Albert Brown, The 1833 Census of Males 21 and over, Hardin Co., Tennessee (Bethel Springs, Tennessee: History and Genealogy, 1994). (Family History Library book 976.831 X28b 1833.)