United States Census 1840

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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United_States_Census_1840|1840 Census]]''  
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census 1840|1840 Census]]''  
  
 
== Content  ==
 
== Content  ==
  
1840 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1840, for eighteen months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
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The 1840 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1840, for eighteen months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Free white males under 5<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males 5-10<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Free&nbsp;Males 10-15<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males 15-20<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males 20-30<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males 30-40<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males 40-50<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males 50-60<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males 60-70<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males 70-80<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males 80-90<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males 90-100<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Males over 100<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Free&nbsp;Females same as males<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Slaves/free colored persons in age categories<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Deaf, dumb,&nbsp;&amp; blind<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Age of Rev. War pensioners<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Mining; agriculture; commerce; manufacturing &amp; trade; navigation of the ocean;&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; navigation of canals, lakes &amp;&nbsp;rivers; learned professions and engineers;&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; number in school; number in family over 21 who could read &amp; write;&nbsp;<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; number insane<br>1790-2000 Info:[http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf&nbsp;]
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*Free white males under 5
 +
*Free Males 5-10
 +
*Free Males 10-15
 +
*Free Males 15-20
 +
*Free Males 20-30
 +
*Free Males 30-40
 +
*Free Males 40-50
 +
*Free Males 50-60
 +
*Free Males 60-70
 +
*Free Males 70-80
 +
*Free Males 80-90
 +
*Free Males 90-100
 +
*Free Males over 100
 +
*Free Females same as males
 +
*Slaves/free colored persons in age categories
 +
*Deaf, dumb, &amp; blind
 +
*Name of pensioners for Revolutionary or military services
 +
*Number of persons employed in each of six classes of industry and one of occupation
 +
*Number in school
 +
*Number in family over 20 who could read &amp; write
 +
*Number insane
  
== &nbsp;Value  ==
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1790-2000 Info:[http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf&nbsp;]
  
The 1840 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>
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== Value  ==
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify locality<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Distinguish target family from others of same name<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;Help determine family size<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;Locate possible relatives with same name<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;Identify neighbors<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;Identify slaveholders<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;Identify name variations<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;Free men of color listed as head of household<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp; Slaves in age group by name of owner<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; Naturalization column may indicate length of residency in U.S. to find papers<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; Identify Pensioners leading to Rev. War information<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; Identify occupation<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; Identify education level<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp; Identify insane leading to institution/guardianship records
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The 1840 census can be used to:
  
&nbsp;1790-1840 Searching Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html]  
+
*Identify locality
 +
*Distinguish target family from others of same name
 +
*Help determine family size
 +
*Locate possible relatives with same name
 +
*Identify neighbors
 +
*Identify slaveholders
 +
*Identify name variations
 +
*Free men of color listed as head of household
 +
*Slaves in age group by name of owner
 +
*Naturalization column may indicate length of residency in U.S. to find papers
 +
*Identify Pensioners leading to Rev. War information
 +
*Identify occupation
 +
*Identify education level
 +
*Identify insane leading to institution/guardianship records
 +
 
 +
1790-1840 Searching Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html]  
  
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
1.&nbsp; Asked the age of Revolutionary war pensioners<br>2.&nbsp; Expanded occupational options<br>3.&nbsp; Lists the number of those in school<br>4.&nbsp; Lists the number of those over 21 who can read and write <br>5.&nbsp; Lists those who are insane&nbsp;<br>
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#Asked the age of Revolutionary war pensioners
 +
#Expanded occupational options
 +
#Lists the number of those in school
 +
#Lists the number of those over 21 who can read and write
 +
#Lists those who are insane
 +
 
 +
== States and Territories Covered ==
  
== &nbsp;States Covered and Missing  ==
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'''States'''
  
 
*Alabama  
 
*Alabama  
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*District of Columbia  
 
*District of Columbia  
 
*Georgia  
 
*Georgia  
*Illinois&nbsp;
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*Illinois
 
*Indiana  
 
*Indiana  
 
*Kentucky  
 
*Kentucky  
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*Vermont
 
*Vermont
  
'''No states missing.'''  
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'''Territories'''
 
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== Territories  ==
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*Florida  
 
*Florida  
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*Wisconsin
 
*Wisconsin
  
== <br>Web Sites  ==
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== Missing Records ==
 +
 
 +
*'''No States Missing'''
 +
 
 +
== Where to Find the Records ==
 +
 
 +
The 1840 Federal Census is available online.
 +
 
 +
'''Online'''
 +
 
 +
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8057 1840 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
 +
 
 +
== Web Sites  ==
  
1790-2000&nbsp;Info:&nbsp;[http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
+
1790-2000 Info: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
  
1790-1840 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1790-1840.html]
+
1790-1840 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html  
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==

Revision as of 23:48, 5 December 2011

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png 1840 Census

Contents

Content

The 1840 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1840, for eighteen months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

  • Free white males under 5
  • Free Males 5-10
  • Free Males 10-15
  • Free Males 15-20
  • Free Males 20-30
  • Free Males 30-40
  • Free Males 40-50
  • Free Males 50-60
  • Free Males 60-70
  • Free Males 70-80
  • Free Males 80-90
  • Free Males 90-100
  • Free Males over 100
  • Free Females same as males
  • Slaves/free colored persons in age categories
  • Deaf, dumb, & blind
  • Name of pensioners for Revolutionary or military services
  • Number of persons employed in each of six classes of industry and one of occupation
  • Number in school
  • Number in family over 20 who could read & write
  • Number insane

1790-2000 Info:http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf 

Value

The 1840 census can be used to:

  • Identify locality
  • Distinguish target family from others of same name
  • Help determine family size
  • Locate possible relatives with same name
  • Identify neighbors
  • Identify slaveholders
  • Identify name variations
  • Free men of color listed as head of household
  • Slaves in age group by name of owner
  • Naturalization column may indicate length of residency in U.S. to find papers
  • Identify Pensioners leading to Rev. War information
  • Identify occupation
  • Identify education level
  • Identify insane leading to institution/guardianship records

1790-1840 Searching Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Asked the age of Revolutionary war pensioners
  2. Expanded occupational options
  3. Lists the number of those in school
  4. Lists the number of those over 21 who can read and write
  5. Lists those who are insane

States and Territories Covered

States

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Virginia
  • Vermont

Territories

  • Florida
  • Iowa
  • Oregon (also a part of Britain)
  • Wisconsin

Missing Records

  • No States Missing

Where to Find the Records

The 1840 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1790-1840 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)


United States Census Population Schedules 1840 (FamilySearch Historical Records)