United States Census 1870

From FamilySearch Wiki

(Difference between revisions)
(online links, cleanup)
m (fixed link)
Line 1: Line 1:
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]] [[United States Census 1870|1870 Census]]''  
+
''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|RTENOTITLE]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|RTENOTITLE]] [[United_States_Census_1870|1870 Census]]''  
  
 
== Indexes and Images  ==
 
== Indexes and Images  ==
  
For an article about 1870 census population schedules available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the [[United_States_Census_Population_Schedules,_1870_United_States|U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1870]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has some indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses.
+
For an article about 1870 census population schedules available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1870 United States|U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1870]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has some indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses.  
  
A free Internet census index and images to the 1870 census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.  
+
A free Internet census index and images to the 1870 census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.  
  
 
For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.  
 
For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.  
Line 13: Line 13:
 
The 1870 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1870, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
 
The 1870 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1870, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
  
*Name
+
*Name  
*Age—at last birthday
+
*Age—at last birthday  
*Sex
+
*Sex  
*Color
+
*Color  
*Profession, occupation, trade
+
*Profession, occupation, trade  
*Value real estate
+
*Value real estate  
*Value personal property
+
*Value personal property  
*Birthplace
+
*Birthplace  
*Father foreign born
+
*Father foreign born  
*Mother foreign born
+
*Mother foreign born  
*Month born in census year
+
*Month born in census year  
*Month married in census year
+
*Month married in census year  
*School in census year
+
*School in census year  
*Can’t read or write
+
*Can’t read or write  
*Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic
+
*Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic  
*Male eligible to vote
+
*Male eligible to vote  
 
*Color - white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
 
*Color - white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
  
Line 35: Line 35:
 
== Value  ==
 
== Value  ==
  
The 1870 census can be used to:
+
The 1870 census can be used to:  
  
*Identify Missing in 1870—may be casualty of Civil War
+
*Identify Missing in 1870—may be casualty of Civil War  
*Parents of foreign birth indicate naturalization records
+
*Parents of foreign birth indicate naturalization records  
 
*Identify Color (Origins) —white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
 
*Identify Color (Origins) —white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
  
Line 45: Line 45:
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
 
== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
#Asked if the father or mother of the individual were foreign born
+
#Asked if the father or mother of the individual were foreign born  
#Asked if born within the year and to give month
+
#Asked if born within the year and to give month  
#Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age
+
#Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age  
#Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age, who has had their rights to vote denied other than because of the grounds of rebellion or crime.
+
#Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age, who has had their rights to vote denied other than because of the grounds of rebellion or crime.  
#If a male individual is missing in this Census, it may serve as a clue that he may have been a casualty of the Civil War
+
#If a male individual is missing in this Census, it may serve as a clue that he may have been a casualty of the Civil War  
#The census was to list only those abiding in the house as of June 1 (those who died or children born after June 1 may not have been accounted for by the enumerator if they counted the household after that date)
+
#The census was to list only those abiding in the house as of June 1 (those who died or children born after June 1 may not have been accounted for by the enumerator if they counted the household after that date)  
#It has been said that many people were missed in the South
+
#It has been said that many people were missed in the South  
#Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation.
+
#Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation.  
#Families numbered in order of visitation
+
#Families numbered in order of visitation  
#Name every person living in household
+
#Name every person living in household  
#Children under 1—months as fractions
+
#Children under 1—months as fractions  
#1st census to ask if parents of foreign birth<br>  
+
#1st census to ask if parents of foreign birth<br>
  
== States and Territories Covered ==
+
== States and Territories Covered ==
  
'''States'''
+
'''States'''  
  
 
*Alabama  
 
*Alabama  
Line 101: Line 101:
 
*Wisconsin
 
*Wisconsin
  
'''Territories'''
+
'''Territories'''  
  
 
*Arizona  
 
*Arizona  
Line 113: Line 113:
 
*Wyoming
 
*Wyoming
  
== Missing Records ==
+
== Missing Records ==
  
<!--please add any missing states or territories-->
+
<!--please add any missing states or territories-->  
  
== Where to Find the Records ==
+
== Where to Find the Records ==
  
The 1870 Federal Census is available online.
+
The 1870 Federal Census is available online.  
  
'''Online'''
+
'''Online'''  
  
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7163 1870 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
+
*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7163 1870 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)  
 
*{{RecordSearch|1438024|United States Census, 1870}} (FamilySearch)
 
*{{RecordSearch|1438024|United States Census, 1870}} (FamilySearch)
  
Line 130: Line 130:
 
1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf  
 
1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf  
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html
+
1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html  
  
 
== References  ==
 
== References  ==
Line 136: Line 136:
 
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
 
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
  
 
+
<br> {{USCensus}}  
{{USCensus}}  
+
  
 
[[Category:United_States_Census]]
 
[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Revision as of 16:35, 15 March 2012

United States RTENOTITLE U.S. Census RTENOTITLE 1870 Census

Contents

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1870 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1870 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has some indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses.

A free Internet census index and images to the 1870 census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.

Content

The 1870 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1870, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

  • Name
  • Age—at last birthday
  • Sex
  • Color
  • Profession, occupation, trade
  • Value real estate
  • Value personal property
  • Birthplace
  • Father foreign born
  • Mother foreign born
  • Month born in census year
  • Month married in census year
  • School in census year
  • Can’t read or write
  • Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic
  • Male eligible to vote
  • Color - white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)

1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Value

The 1870 census can be used to:

  • Identify Missing in 1870—may be casualty of Civil War
  • Parents of foreign birth indicate naturalization records
  • Identify Color (Origins) —white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Asked if the father or mother of the individual were foreign born
  2. Asked if born within the year and to give month
  3. Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age
  4. Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age, who has had their rights to vote denied other than because of the grounds of rebellion or crime.
  5. If a male individual is missing in this Census, it may serve as a clue that he may have been a casualty of the Civil War
  6. The census was to list only those abiding in the house as of June 1 (those who died or children born after June 1 may not have been accounted for by the enumerator if they counted the household after that date)
  7. It has been said that many people were missed in the South
  8. Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation.
  9. Families numbered in order of visitation
  10. Name every person living in household
  11. Children under 1—months as fractions
  12. 1st census to ask if parents of foreign birth

States and Territories Covered

States

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin

Territories

  • Arizona
  • Colorado
  • Dakota
  • Idaho
  • Montana
  • New Mexico
  • Utah
  • Washington
  • Wyoming

Missing Records

Where to Find the Records

The 1870 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)