United States Census 1870

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''[[United States|United States ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census|U.S. Census ]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png]]  [[United States Census 1870|1870 Census]]''
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''[[United States|United States]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[United States Census|U.S. Census]] [[Image:Gotoarrow.png|go to]] [[United_States_Census_1870|1870 Census]]''
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== Indexes and Images  ==
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For an article about 1870 census population schedules available for free online at [[FamilySearch Historical Record Collections|FamilySearch Historical Record Collections]] see the [[United States Census Population Schedules, 1870 United States|U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1870]] Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has some indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses.
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A free Internet census index and images to the 1870 census can be viewed on the [https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/show#uri=http://www.familysearch.org/searchapi/search/collection/1438024 FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the [[United States Census Searching]] Wiki page.
  
 
== Content  ==
 
== Content  ==
  
1870 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1870, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
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The 1870 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1870, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:  
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Name<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Age—at last birthday<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Sex<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Color<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Profession, occupation, trade<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Value real estate<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Value personal property<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Birthplace<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Father foreign born<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Mother foreign born<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Month born in census year<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Month married in census year<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;School in census year<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Can’t read or write<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Male eligible to vote<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Color - white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)<br>
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*Name  
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*Age—at last birthday  
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*Sex  
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*Color  
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*Profession, occupation, trade  
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*Value real estate  
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*Value personal property  
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*Birthplace  
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*Father foreign born  
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*Mother foreign born  
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*Month born in census year  
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*Month married in census year  
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*School in census year  
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*Can’t read or write  
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*Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic  
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*Male eligible to vote  
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*Color - white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
  
 
1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
 
1790-2000 Information: [http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf]  
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== Value  ==
 
== Value  ==
  
The 1870 census can be used to:<sup>1</sup>
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The 1870 census can be used to:  
  
&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify Missing in 1870—may be casualty of Civil War<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;Parents of foreign birth indicate naturalization records<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identify&nbsp;Color (Origins) —white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)<br>1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html]
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*Identify Missing in 1870—may be casualty of Civil War  
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*Parents of foreign birth indicate naturalization records  
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*Identify&nbsp;Color (Origins) —white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)
  
== &nbsp;Unique Features and Problems  ==
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1850-1930 Search Tips: [http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html]
  
1.&nbsp; Asked if the father or mother of the individual were foreign born<br>2.&nbsp; Asked if born within the year and to give month<br>3.&nbsp; Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age<br>4.&nbsp; Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age, who has had their rights to vote denied other than because of the grounds of <br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; rebellion or crime<br>5.&nbsp; If a male individual is missing in this Census, it may serve as a clue that he may have been a casualty of the Civil War<br>6.&nbsp; The census was to list only those abiding in the house as of June 1 (those who died or children born after June 1 may not<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; have been accounted for by the enumerator if they counted the household&nbsp;after that date)<br>7.&nbsp; It has been said that many people were missed in the South<br>8.&nbsp; Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation.<br>9.&nbsp; Families numbered in order of visitation<br>10. Name every person living in household<br>11. Children under 1—months as fractions<br>12. 1st census to ask if parents of foreign birth<br>
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== Unique Features and Problems  ==
  
== States Covered and Missing ==
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#Asked if the father or mother of the individual were foreign born
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#Asked if born within the year and to give month
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#Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age
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#Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age, who has had their rights to vote denied other than because of the grounds of rebellion or crime.
 +
#If a male individual is missing in this Census, it may serve as a clue that he may have been a casualty of the Civil War
 +
#The census was to list only those abiding in the house as of June 1 (those who died or children born after June 1 may not have been accounted for by the enumerator if they counted the household&nbsp;after that date)
 +
#It has been said that many people were missed in the South
 +
#Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation.
 +
#Families numbered in order of visitation
 +
#Name every person living in household
 +
#Children under 1—months as fractions
 +
#1st census to ask if parents of foreign birth<br>
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== States and Territories Covered ==
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'''States'''
  
 
*Alabama  
 
*Alabama  
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*Wisconsin
 
*Wisconsin
  
== Territories ==
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'''Territories'''
  
 
*Arizona  
 
*Arizona  
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*Wyoming
 
*Wyoming
  
== Web Sites ==
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== Missing Records ==
  
'''1870 United States Census'''—A free Internet census index and images to the 1870 census can be viewed on the [http://pilot.familysearch.org/recordsearch/start.html#c=1438024;p=collectionDetails;t=searchable FamilySearch Record Search]. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.
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<!--please add any missing states or territories-->
  
1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf
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== Where to Find the Records  ==
  
1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/genealogy/census/1850-1930.html <br>
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The 1870 Federal Census is available online.  
  
== Sources of This Collect<span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1272053366915_509" /><span id="fck_dom_range_temp_1272053366915_247" />ion&nbsp; ==
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'''Online'''
  
An example of citing these records is: United States. Census Office. 9th census, 1870. United States Census, 1870. Census page. From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org), April 23, 2010. Mary J Peterson, birth place Georgia, birth year 1835.&nbsp;
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*[http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=7163 1870 United States Federal Census] (Ancestry) ($)
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*{{RecordSearch|1438024|United States Census, 1870}} (FamilySearch)
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== Web Sites  ==
 +
 
 +
1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf
  
Instructions for citing this source can be found at: [[How_to_Cite_FamilySearch_Collections|How to Cite FamilySearch Collections]]
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1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html
  
&nbsp;
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== References  ==
  
1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.) <br><br>
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1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)  
  
{{USCensus}}  
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<br> {{USCensus}}  
  
[[Category:United_States_Census]] [[Category:United_States_FamilySearch_Record_Collections]]
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[[Category:United_States_Census]]

Revision as of 13:53, 16 March 2012

United States go to U.S. Census go to 1870 Census

Contents

Indexes and Images

For an article about 1870 census population schedules available for free online at FamilySearch Historical Record Collections see the U.S. Census Population Schedules, 1870 Wiki page. Ancestry.com (subscription site) has indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses. HeritageQuestOnline.com (subscription site) has some indexes and images of all 1850 federal censuses.

A free Internet census index and images to the 1870 census can be viewed on the FamilySearch Record Search. This index shows every name listed on the census and is linked to census images including information about each person’s residence, age, birthplace, occupation, other family members, and neighbors.

For more details, see individual state census Wiki pages. For tips if the first census index search does not work, see the United States Census Searching Wiki page.

Content

The 1870 Census was taken beginning 1 June 1870, for five months. The following information was recorded by the census taker:

  • Name
  • Age—at last birthday
  • Sex
  • Color
  • Profession, occupation, trade
  • Value real estate
  • Value personal property
  • Birthplace
  • Father foreign born
  • Mother foreign born
  • Month born in census year
  • Month married in census year
  • School in census year
  • Can’t read or write
  • Deaf, dumb, blind, insane, idiotic
  • Male eligible to vote
  • Color - white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)

1790-2000 Information: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Value

The 1870 census can be used to:

  • Identify Missing in 1870—may be casualty of Civil War
  • Parents of foreign birth indicate naturalization records
  • Identify Color (Origins) —white (W), black (B), Chinese (C), Indian (I), mulatto (M)

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Asked if the father or mother of the individual were foreign born
  2. Asked if born within the year and to give month
  3. Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age
  4. Asked if a male citizen over 21 years of age, who has had their rights to vote denied other than because of the grounds of rebellion or crime.
  5. If a male individual is missing in this Census, it may serve as a clue that he may have been a casualty of the Civil War
  6. The census was to list only those abiding in the house as of June 1 (those who died or children born after June 1 may not have been accounted for by the enumerator if they counted the household after that date)
  7. It has been said that many people were missed in the South
  8. Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation.
  9. Families numbered in order of visitation
  10. Name every person living in household
  11. Children under 1—months as fractions
  12. 1st census to ask if parents of foreign birth

States and Territories Covered

States

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Vermont
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wisconsin

Territories

  • Arizona
  • Colorado
  • Dakota
  • Idaho
  • Montana
  • New Mexico
  • Utah
  • Washington
  • Wyoming

Missing Records

Where to Find the Records

The 1870 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1850-1930 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1850-1930.html

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)