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Guide to Bowie County Texas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records


Bowie County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Bowie County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded December 17, 1840
County Seat New Boston
Courthouse
Address Bowie County Courthouse
PO Box 248
New Boston, TX 75570
Phone: 903.628.2571
Bowie County Website
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Beginner's Corner
The Beginner’s Corner links to information that will help you get started researching your ancestors. Choose from one of the following:
I want to find a birth, christening or baptism
I want to find a marriage
I want to find a death or burial
I want to find someone's parents (land and probate records)




Contents

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas or How to order Texas Vital Records


A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred, ordered electronically online or download an application for Texas Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage or Divorce Verification Application to mail.

County Courthouse

County Clerk has birth, marriage, death, probate, land and miltiary
records, school census; Clerk District Court has divorce and court records[1]

Quick Dates

Bowie County's civil records start the following years:

Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1903  1889    1850  1889  1889 

== 1796. He was the son of Reason (or Rezin) and Elve Ap-Catesby Jones (or Johns) Bowie.


Boundary Changes

Record Loss

1889--The Bowie County Courthouse at Texarkana burned on 21 Jan 1889.  Almost all the records were destroyed. [2][3]

1989--The Old Bowie County Courthouse at Old Boston, built in 1891, burned on 12 Aug 1989.  The courthouse was abandoned, as a new courthouse had opened at New Boston in 1985.  No records were lost. [4]



 

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Towns and Cities: De Kalb | Hooks | Leary | Maud | Nash | New Boston | Red Lick | Red Water | Spring Hill | Texarkana | Wake Village | Wards Village.

The City of Texarkana is located in two states.  In the middle of the city is a street called State Line Road which separates the city between Bowie County, Texas and Miller County, Arkansas. Texarkana is the county seat for Miller County, Arkansas, and a marriage license purchased in Miller County, Arkansas is not valid in the State of Texas.

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Cemeteries

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Findagrave.com

Family History Library

Findagrave.com

Interment.net

WorldCat

Names in Stone

USGenWeb


Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Epodunk

Cemeteries of Texas



Names in Stone



See Texas Cemeteries for more information.
Additional Cemetery Sources

Census

  • 1850 Census for Bowie County census images from archive.org; index from USGenWeb archives.
  • 1860 Census for Bowie County census images from archive.org; index from USGenWeb archives. Another index
  • 1870 Census for Bowie County census images from archive.org; index from USGenWeb archives.
  • 1880 Census for Bowie County census images from archive.org; index from USGenWeb archives.
  • 1900 Census for Bowie County census images from archive.org.
  • 1910 Census for Bowie County census images from archive.org.  Bowie county split on two microfilm reels: reel 1, reel 2
  • 1920 Census for Bowie County census images from archive.org.
  • 1930 Census for Bowie County census images from archive.org.
Historical populations
Census Pop.
18502,912
18605,05273.5%
18704,684−7.3%
188010,965134.1%
189020,26784.8%
190026,67631.6%
191034,82730.6%
192039,47213.3%
193048,56323.0%
194050,2083.4%
195061,96623.4%
196059,971−3.2%
197067,81313.1%
198075,30111.0%
199081,6658.5%
200089,3069.4%
Est. 200993,9645.2%
U.S. Census Bureau[5] Texas Almanac[6]









Church

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.

Court

Family Histories/Surnames

Land and Properties

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Evancol/Sandbox/Layout3. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

  • First Settlers of Bowie and Cass Counties Texas, By: Gifford White, Published June 1, 1983 by Ericson Books
  • Daughter of Destiny: Memoirs of a Bowie County, Texas Farm Girl, By: Carlene M. Howell, Published April 1995 by Tab Books
  • Bowie County, Tx Index to Probate Records; 1883-1940, 97 Pages,Compiled by WPA Workers
  • Texarkana Pioneer Families, By: Nancy Jennings
  • The Texarkana Story 1873-1948, By: Lucille Holland
  • Texarkana a Pictorial History, By: William D Leet, Published 1982
  • Bowie County Texas Historical Handbook, By: Bowie County Historical Commission, Published 1976
  • Texarkana Centennial, Historical Program - 1873-1973, By: Nancy Jennings Watts & Mary Lou Stuart Phillips, Published 1973
  • History of Texarkana and Bowie and Miller Counties, By: Chandler, Barbara O., 1939.

Maps

  • Maps of Bowie County from the Bowie County TXGenWeb site
  • Texas Counties Map. Click on the county to go to the TXGenWeb site
  • Bowie County is the most northeastern county in the State of Texas

Military

Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Evancol/Sandbox/Layout3 newspapers in online catalogs like:

Probate

Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Index to Probate Cases 1883 to 1940  -  Bowie County TXGenWeb

Taxation

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas or How to order Texas Vital Records


A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred, ordered electronically online or download an application for Texas Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage or Divorce Verification Application to mail.

Societies and Libraries

Research Libraries for Bowie County TX   -  Bowie County TXGenWeb

Family History Centers

  • Texarkana USA Genealogy Society
    P.O. Box 2323
    Texarkana, TX 75504-2323
  • The New Boston Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 104
    New Boston, Texas, 75570. 
    The NBGS is located at the New Boston Public Library.
  • Red River County Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 516
    Clarksville, TX 75426

Web Sites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Bowie County, Texas. Page 659 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Gendisasters.com - Texarkana, TX Bowie County Courthouse Fire, Jan 1889 http://www3.gendisasters.com/texas/17956/texarkana-tx-bowie-county-courthouse-fire-jan-1889
  3. Handbook of Texas Online: Bowie County http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcb11
  4. Texas Escapes: Old Boston http://www.texasescapes.com/EastTexasTowns/Boston-Texas.htm
  5. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=Search&_name=bowie+county&_state=04000US48&_county=bowie+county&_cityTown=bowie+county&_zip=&_sse=on&_lang=en&pctxt=fph
  6. http://www.texasalmanac.com/population/population-counties-history.pdf