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The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in June 2012. It is an excerpt from their course Methodology - Part 1: Getting Started, Methodology - Part 2: Organizing and Skillbuilding, Methodology - Part 3: More Strategies, Methodology - Part 4: Effective Searching and Recording, Methodology - Part 5: How To Prove It, and Methodology - Part 6: Professional Preparation and Practice  by Louise St Denis, Brenda Dougall Merriman and Dr. Penelope Christensen. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).

Abbreviations and Latin Words

A to F

Note: Latin words are in italics

A + W Admon with Will attached
AAGRA Australian Association of Genealogists & Record Agents
Aas [86] Anno Aetitis suae 86= died in his 86th year (i.e. he was 85)
AB Appeal against bastardy
Abs Abstract; Absconded; Absent
abt About
ac’s Accounts
ACC Anglican Church of Canada
Acc Accommodation Acct Account
Ack Acknowledged
AD Anno Domini = In the year of our Lord
ADD Additional, as in manuscript usage
Addn Addition
adm Admission, or admitted
admin Administration
Admon Letters of Administration of an estate
ae Age
aet At the age of
Aff Affidavit (e.g. for burials in woollen)
AFFHO Australasian Federation of Family History Organisations
AFHSW Association of Family History Societies in Wales
AG Accredited Genealogist
Ag. Lab. Agricultural labourer
ag’mt Agreement
AGRA Association of Genealogists and Researchers in Archives (England)
AIS Accelerated Indexing System
aka Also known as
alleg Allegiance
als Alias = also known as
anc Ancestors or ancestry
anniv Anniversary
Ap(p). Apprentice
APG Association of Professional Genealogists (USA)
APGI Association of Professional Genealogists in Ireland
apl Appeal
App(l) Application
aquo From whom
AR Appeal against removal
art Article
ASG American Society of Genealogists
ASGRA Association of Scottish Genealogists and Record Agents
Asgt Mtge Assigned Mortgage
assn Association
au Aunt
AV Appeal against Vagrancy
B and S Bought and Sold; Bargain and Sale
B(rig). Gen Brigadier General
b. Birth, baptism, banns, bachelor, both, boy or burial
BA Bastardy Allegation; Bachelor of Arts
BALH British Association for Local History
bap, bapt, bp Baptised
Bapt Baptist
bart., bt. Baronet
Bas Bastard
Bat(t), bat(t)’n Battalion
bb Baseborn (illegitimate)
BB Bastardy Bond
Bbl Bible
bc Before the congregation
BC Before Christ, Bible Christian, Bas-Canada (Lower Canada, i.e. Quebec); Birth Certificate; British Columbia
BCE Before the Christian Era
BCG Board for Certification of Genealogists (USA)
Bd Bond; Buried
BdnL Bodleian Library (Oxford)
BE Bastardy Examination
bet Between
BG Burial Ground; Board of Guardians (of Workhouse)
BIG R British Isles Genealogical Register
Bio(g) Biography
bitp Both [living] in this parish (Scottish)
bk. Book
BL British Library
Blaw Brother-in-law
BM British Museum
BMD Births, Marriages and Deaths (Civil Registration/Vital Statistics)
BMSGH Birmingham and Midland Society for Genealogy and Heraldry
Bn, brn Born
BNL British Newspaper Library
botp Both of this parish 
Boyd Boyd’s Marriage Index (he also did other indexes)
Bp Bishop
BQACG Bureau Québécois d’Attestation de Compétence en Généalogie (Quebec credential)
Br(o) Brother
BS British Subject (may or may not be officially naturalized)
BT Board of Trade
BTs Bishop’s Transcripts
Bu(r) Buried; burial
BVM Blessed Virgin Mary
BwkI Borthwick Institute (York)
BYU Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah
C of A College of Arms
C of E Church of England (Anglican)
C of I Church of Ireland (Episcopalian or Anglican)
C of S Church of Scotland (Presbyterian)
c. Christening, Census; Chapter; Circa (about)
C’tee Committee
C18 18th century
ca. About
Cadet The younger or youngest son, or a member of a younger branch of the family
CAILS Certified American Indian Lineage Specialist
Cal Calendar = an index where names are arranged in first letter groups only; also = a summary of the contents of a group of documents
CALS Certified American Lineage Specialist
Capt Captain
carp Carpenter
Cath Catholic
CB Colombie Britannique (British Columbia); Child boy
CC County Council; The county of
CCB(ap) Christian Conference Baptist
Cdr Commander
CE Canada East (Quebec)
Cem Cemetery
Cent Century
Cert Certificate
cf Confer = compare with
CG Certified Genealogist
CG(C) Certified Genealogist (Canada)
CGI Certified Genealogical Instructor
CGL Certified Genealogical Lecturer
CGRS Certified Genealogical Records Specialist
Ch Church; Child
Ch. Ch. Christ Church
Ch. Yd Churchyard
Chan. Proc. Chancery Proceedings
chap. Chapter
chg Chargeable
chmn Chairman
chn Children
chr. Christened
Chw Churchwarden
CI Child infant; Channel Islands
circa About
cit. Citizen
cl. Clerk (could mean clerk in holy orders)
Cllr Councillor
CMB Christenings, Marriages and Burials (church ceremonies)
Cmdr Commander
cn Children; Cousin
CN Canadian National (Railway Company)
Cnty County Co. County; Company
cog Consent of Guardian
Coh(r). Co-heir
col. Column
coll., colls Collateral(s)
Com. County
Com. Bk. Commission Book
comp. Compiler
Con The county of; Congregational
Conf Confederate
conf Conference; Confirmation
Cong. Congregationalist
conj., conjux Wife
Const Constitution
cop Copulatio = Marriage; Consent of parent
Corr Correction
Corres. Correspondence
cos Cousin; Counties
cou, cous Cousin
CP Civil Parish; Canadian Pacific (Railway Company); Canadian Presbyterian
CR Cremated
cr. Created (of a peerage etc.)
CRO County Record Office
CRS Catholic Record Society
CS Church of Scotland
CSA Confederate States of America
Ct Court
CU Child of unknown sex
CW Canada West (Ontario); Civil War (USA);Churchwarden
CY Churchyard
d. Died, or denarius (penny)
d. and coh. Daughter and co-heir
d. inf. Died as an infant (= under 8 years)
d. minor Died under age 21
d. unm. Died unmarried
D.b.n., De bo non De bonis non administratis = of goods unadministered
d.s.p. Decessit sine prole = died without issue (children)surviving
d.s.p.f. Decessit sine prole femina = died without female issue
d.s.p.leg. Decessit sone prole legitima = died without legitimate issue
d.s.p.m. Decessit sine prole mascula = died without male issue
d.s.p.m.s. Decessit sine prole mascula supersita = died without surviving male issue
d.s.p.s. Decessit sine prole supersita = died without surviving issue
d.v.m. Decessit vita matris = died in mother's lifetime
d.v.p. Decessit vita patris = died in father's lifetime
da.,dau. daughter
DAR Member of The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution
dat Dated
DC Death certificate
DD Doctor of Divinity; Discharged Dead
Dd Died, dead
dec. Deceased; Decree; Declaration
DED District Electoral Division (Ireland)
dept. Department
des Deserted, desertion
desc Descendants
di Died without issue (child)
Dioc. Diocese
Dip FHS Diploma in Family History Studies (Australian credential)
Dip Gen Diploma in Genealogy
dist. District
distaff Female side of family
div. Divorced
divs Divisions
DL Deputy Lieutenant
DM Discharged Mortgage
DMO District Medical Officer
DNB Dictionary of National Biography
do, d/o Daughter of
dom Domestic
Dom. Dominus = Sunday
DP Displaced person (refugee)
DRO Diocesan Record Office
dt Dated
DUE Daughter of a United Empire Loyalist
DUV Daughter of Union Veterans
dwi Died without issue (child)
dwmi Died without male issue
dwsmi Died without surviving male issue
dy Died young; Daily; Day
dys Days
e.g. Exempli gratia = for example
eb Erected by
ECUSA Episcopal Church of USA
ed. Edition; Editor; Educated at
eds. Editors
Educ Educated at
EIC [Honourable] East India Company
el(d) Eldest
EMC Episcopal Methodist Church
Emp(l) Employee, employer, employed by
Eodem Die The same day
Epis. Episcopal
est Eldest; Estimated
et al. Et alii = others
etc. Et cetera = and so forth
Evan Evangelical
Exam. Examination (e.g. for Settlement or Bastardy
Exch. Court of Exchequer
Exp. Expenditure
ext. Extinct (of a peerage etc.)
F Female
f And next page; family information
F and AM Free and Accepted Masons
f (o). Folio (page) number
F of F Feet of Fines
fa Father
fam Family
FC Free Church (Presbyterian)
Feu The late or deceased (French Canadian)
ff And following pages
FFHS Federation of Family History Societies
FG Free Grant
FHG Fellow of the Institute of Heraldic and Genealogical Studies
FHS Family History Society
fil et hr. Son and heir
filia Daughter
filius Son
fl. Flourished (lived)
fl. Temp. Eliz I Was alive in the reign of Elizabeth I
Flaw Father-in-law
FO Filiation Order
FP Foreign parts; Free Presbyterian
FPRO Friends of the Public Record Office
FR Father (Roman Catholic)
fr Farmer
Frac Fracrtional
FRC Family Records Centre (formerly St. Catherine's House), London, England
FS Female servant
FSC Family Search Center
FSG Fellow of the Society Genealogists
FTM Family Tree Magazine; Family Tree Maker (genealogy software)
FTW Family Tree Maker (genealogy software)
FWK Framework knitter


Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online courses Methodology - Part 1: Getting Started, Methodology - Part 2: Organizing and Skillbuilding, Methodology - Part 3: More Strategies, Methodology - Part 4: Effective Searching and Recording, Methodology - Part 5: How To Prove It, and Methodology - Part 6: Professional Preparation and Practice offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. To learn more about these courses or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. We can be contacted at

We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page.