Utah County, Utah

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'''Stake(s), 1930:''' [[Alpine Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Alpine Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Kolob Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Kolob Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Lehi Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Lehi Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Nebo Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Nebo Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Palmyra Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Palmyra Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Sharon Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Sharon Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Timpanogos Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Timpanogos Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Tintic Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Tintic Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Utah Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Utah Stake, Utah]]  
 
'''Stake(s), 1930:''' [[Alpine Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Alpine Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Kolob Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Kolob Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Lehi Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Lehi Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Nebo Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Nebo Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Palmyra Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Palmyra Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Sharon Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Sharon Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Timpanogos Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Timpanogos Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Tintic Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Tintic Stake, Utah]] {{·}} [[Utah Stake, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches|Utah Stake, Utah]]  
  
''[[Utah County, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches#'Wards in the County, 1930|Wards in the County, 1930]]'''  
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'''[[Utah County, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches#Wards in the County, 1930|Wards in the County, 1930]]'''  
  
 
'''[[Utah County, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches#Wards formed after 1930|Wards ''formed after 1930'']]''' (to about 1948):
 
'''[[Utah County, Utah LDS Church Wards and Branches#Wards formed after 1930|Wards ''formed after 1930'']]''' (to about 1948):

Revision as of 21:18, 1 March 2013

United States go to Utah go toUtah County

The Utah County, Utah genealogy guide to find parents, birth, marriage, death, and more since 1852, when the county was formed. This page lists online, published, and original resources, such as cemeteries, censuses, church, court, land, probate, and obituaries.

Dates for major county records[1]
Birth
Marriage
Death
Census
Land
Probate
1898-present 1887-present 1898-present 1850, 1856... 1851-present 1859-present
For earlier dates, try...Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries | Parent counties
Hand and keyboard.jpg Utah
Online Records


Utah County, Utah
Map
Map of Utah highlighting Utah County
Location in the state of Utah
Map of the U.S. highlighting Utah
Location of Utah in the U.S.
Facts
Founded March 3, 1853
County Seat Provo
Courthouse
UtahUtahcourthouse.jpg
Address Utah County Health & Justice Building
100 East Center, Suite 2200
Provo, UT 84606
Website: www.co.utah.ut.us
Named for: Ute Tribe Native Americans
Ute indians on horses1878.jpg
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Contents

Helpful Facts

County Courthouse

Utah County Courthouse
100 East Center #3600
Provo, Utah 84606
Phone: 801-370-8108

County Clerk has marriage records from 1887, divorce and probate records from 1859, and court records from 1885.
County recorder has land records.[2]

Parent Counties

Utah County, Utah was created March 3, 1852 Utah Territory.

See also Green River County



Boundary Changes
  • Boundary changes timeline for Utah County, Utah from "UT: Index of Counties," Newberry Library's Utah Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.

Neighboring Counties

Utah County, Utah is surrounded by: Carbon | Duchesne | Juab | Salt Lake | Sanpete | Tooele | Wasatch
Utah CountyCarbon CountyJuab CountyTooele CountyWasatch CountySalt Lake CountySummit CountyDuchesne CountySanpete CountyUtah4.JPG


Resources

Bible Records

Biography

Business Records and Commerce

Cemeteries

  • Cemeteries(microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Utah County, Utah. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see public libraries.
  • Professional Genealogists who specialize in State Research helps you compare the expertise, credentials, and rates of professional researchers who can help you access these records.
  • Please refer to the Towns and Communities for the information about the cemeteries in these places.
  • See  Utah Burials Search at Utah State History
  • Utah County, Utah Cemetery Index  Ancestry.com ($) Prepared by the Utah Valley Regional Family History Center for Utah County.
  • See USGenWeb Utah County Archives for the following cemeteries - American Fork Cemetery, Lindon Cemetery, Mill Fork Cemetery, Pleasant Grove City Cemetery, Santaquin City Cemetery, Woodmen of the World Burials.



Census

  • The 1850 [1851], 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930 U.S. federal population schedules of Utah County are available online, at Family Search Historical Records
  • For tips on accessing census records online, see Utah Census. If you're having trouble finding your ancestors in national indexes, try checking local indexes. Created by experts familiar with the area's families, these indexes are often transcribed more accurately than nationwide indexes.
  • 1856
  1. "Utah Census Returns" Historical Department of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. [3] [4]
  2. Index (Index Publishing) [5]
  3. Index (AIS) [6]
  4. Family Search
  • GenWeb site containes an Index of the Utah 1850 Census. On the Index page you have five different censes pages to view.
Census Designation Places

Benjamin | Elberta | Lake Shore | Palmyra | Spring Lake | West Mountain

Churches and Religious Groups

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the Mormons)

Historically, most people in Utah were Mormons. Their records are, therefore, very important for early Utah research. For additional information, see Tracing LDS Ancestors and Utah Church Records.

Click a church unit name in the chart below for its history, boundaries, and availability of records, which are often in microfilm format

Utah County, Utah guide to history and records of LDS wards and branches

Stake(s), 1930: Alpine Stake, Utah  · Kolob Stake, Utah  · Lehi Stake, Utah  · Nebo Stake, Utah  · Palmyra Stake, Utah  · Sharon Stake, Utah  · Timpanogos Stake, Utah  · Tintic Stake, Utah  · Utah Stake, Utah

Wards in the County, 1930

Wards formed after 1930 (to about 1948):

Places: Alpine  · American Fork  · Fairfield · Genola · Goshen · Highland  · Lehi  · Lindon  · Mapleton · Mill Fork · Payson  · Pleasant Grove  · Provo  · Salem · Santaquin  · Spanish Fork  · Springville · Thistle · Vineyard

Church units without place names (per Encyclopedic History of the Church, about 1930): Birdseye · Cedar Fort · Cedar Hills  · Colton  · Dividend  · Eagle Mountain · Elk Ridge  · Forest City · Mosida · Orem  · Saratoga Springs  · Tucker · Woodland Hills

____________________

Court Records

  • Court Records(microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Utah County, Utah. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see public libraries.
  • Utah County Justice Court  deals with class B and C misdemeanors, violations of ordinances, small claims, and infractions committed within County jurisdiction. The Justice Court shares jurisdiction with the Juvenile Court over minors 16 or 17 years old, who are charged with certain traffic offenses. See the Juvenile Court below for other types of juvenile cases.
Utah County Justice Court
151 South University Avenue
Suite 3300
Provo, Utah 84601
Phone: 801-851-7200
 Fax: 801-851-7201
  • Juvenile Court handles juvenile cases concerning automobile homicide, alcohol or drug related traffic offenses, reckless driving, fleeing an officer, and driving on a suspended license are excepted. Juvenile Court shares jurisdiction with the Justice Court over minors 16 or 17 years old, who are charged with certain traffic offenses besides those listed above.
4th District Juvenile Court - Provo Office
2021 South State St Provo, UT 84606
Phone: (801) 354-7200
Fax: (801) 373-6579
  • District Court

Directories

  • 1867 - Owens, George. Salt Lake City Directory: Including a Business Directory of Provo, Springville, and Ogden, Utah Territory. Salt Lake City: G. Owens, 1867. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • 1879-1880 - Culmer, H.L.A. et al. Utah Directory and Gazetteer for 1879-80: Containing the Name and Occupation of Every Resident in the Towns and Cities of Salt Lake, Utah, Weber and Davis Counties: and a Very Complete List of the Merchants, Manufacturers, Professional Men and Officials: Together with Full Gazetteer Information. Salt Lake City, Utah: Printed for H.L.A. Culmer & Co. by J.C. Graham & Co., 1879. Digital version at Internet Archive.
  • Utah Directory, 1890: Salt Lake City, Logan, and Provo Ancestry.com ($) Data from Utah Gazetteer and Directory of Logan, Ogden, Provo and Salt Lake City, 1884.

Ethnic and Other Groups

Funeral Homes

Anderson & Sons Mortuary[7]
49 East 100 North
American Fork, UT 84003
Phone: 801-756-3564
Fax: 801-763-0799

Warenski Funeral Home [8]
1776 North 900 East
American Fork, UT 84003
Phone: 801-763-5000
Fax: 801-763-5002

Wing Mortuary[9]
118 E Main St.
Lehi, UT 84043
Phone: 801-768-9514
Fax: 801-768-3534

Berg Mortuary[10]
185 East Center Street
Provo, Utah 84606
Phone: 801-373-1841
Fax: 801-371-0110

500 North State Street
Orem, Utah 84057
Phone: 801-225-2131
Fax: 801-371-0110

525 East Fourth South
Springville, Utah 84663
Phone: (801) 489-4233
Fax: (801) 371-0110

Sundberg-Olpine Mortuary[11]
495 South Statee St
Orem, UT 84058
Phone: 801-225-1530
Fax: 801-225-9720

Walker Sanderson Funeral Home[12]
646 East 800 North
Orem, UT 84097
Phone: 801-226-3500
Fax: 801-226-3531

85 East 300 South
Provo, UT 84606
Phone: 801-373-6668
Fax: 801-374-2151

587 South 100 West
Payson, UT 84651
Phone: 801-465-3846
Fax: 801-465-2507

187 South Main St
Spanish Fork, UT 84660
Phone: 801-798-2169
Fax:801-798-0733

Olpin Family Mortuary[13]
494 South 300 East
Pleasant Grove, UT 84062
Phone: 801-785-3505
Fax: 801-785-9963

Brown Family Mortuary[14]
66 South 300 East
Santaquin, UT 84655
Phone:801-754-3692
Fax: 801-754-1225

Wheeler Mortuary[15]
211 East 2nd South
Springville, UT 84663
Phone: 801-489-6021

Gazetteers

Genealogy

A FamilySearch Community Tree is available for this place.

History

Interesting Facts

Lehi is named after Lehi, a prophet in the Book of Mormon.

Orem was known as Sharon, a Biblical name for a mostly level strip of land running between mountains and the sea; Another former name was Provo Bench.

History Timeline

Boundary Changes
  • Boundary changes timeline for Utah County, Utah from "UT: Index of Counties," Newberry Library's Utah Atlas of Historical County Boundaries.

'NOTE: Unless otherwise mentioned, the below events were gleaned from Wikipedia for Utah county.

  • 1849.  Provo was originally called Fort Utah when settled, but was renamed Provo in 1850 for Étienne Provost, an early French-Canadian trapper who arrived in the region in 1825.
  • 1850.  American Fork was settled by Mormon pioneers, and incorporated as Lake City in 1852.
  • 1850.  Mormon pioneers settled the area now known as Lehi, at a place called Dry Creek, near the head of Utah Lake. It was renamed Evansville in 1851, after David Evans, a local bishop in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Other historical names include Sulphur Springs and Snow’s Springs.
  • 1850.  Mapleton was first settled, and for a time was known as Union Bench.
  • 1850.  Payson first settled. Originally named Peteetneet, after a Ute Indian chief who lived near Payson's current location.
  • 1850.  The original name of Pleasant Grove was Battle Creek. It was named for a battle which took place there in 1849 between Mormon settlers and a small band of Ute Indians.
  • 1850.  Springville was originally settled. The city was first called Hobble Creek by early pioneers. Later, as the town grew, the name was changed to Springville because of the many freshwater springs in the area.
  • 1851.  The first ward of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in American Fork was organized with Leonard E. Harrington as bishop.
  • 1852. March 3- Utah County was created from the Utah Territory. [2]
  • 1852.  Lehi grew so rapidly that, Bishop Evans petitioned the Utah Territorial Legislature to incorporate the settlement. Lehi City was incorporated by legislative act on February 5, 1852 and approved a request to call the new city Lehi.
  • 1853.  Daniel H. Wells, the head of the Nauvoo Legion (Utah Territorial Militia at the time), instructed settlers in American Fork to move into specific forts. At a meeting on July 23, 1853 at the schoolhouse in American Fork, Lorenzo Snow and Parley P. Pratt convinced the settlers to follow Wells' directions and all move together into a central fort.
  • 1855.  The town of Fairfield was established when John Carson, his four brothers, and others settled in the Cedar Valley. The settlement was soon known as Frogtown.
  • 1855 to 1860.  Between 1855 and 1860, the arrival of pioneers from Iceland made Spanish Fork into the first permanent Icelandic settlement in the United States.
  • 1860.  Settlers changed the name of Lake City to American Fork.
  • 1861.  Frogtown became Fairfield; named after Amos Fielding, who participated in establishing the community.
  • 1861.  Lindon was settled. It was originally named "String Town" because of the way the houses were strung up and down the street. An old linden tree (Tilia) growing in town in 1901 inspired the present (misspelled) name.
  • 1870.  American Fork served as a rail access point for mining activities in American Fork Canyon.
  • 1870.  Highland was settled by homesteaders,so named by Scottish Mormon immigrants who felt the area resembled the highlands of Scotland.

Named for the Ute Indians, Spanish word Yuta.

Local Histories

The City of Orem was named after W.C. Orem, builder of the railroad which ran through the town. Payson was named after an early settler, James Pace. The community was previously known as Fort Peteetneet after a Ute Indian chief. Of course, the County and the State are named after the Ute (or Utah) Indians.
Springville was once known as Hobble Creek because a member of a Mormon exploring party lost his horse's hobbles in or near the creek. Pleasant Grove, named after a cottonwood grove near the original town site, was once known as Battle Creek since it was the site of the first conflict between Indians and settlers. Elberta was named for its Elberta peach orchards and Salem was named after New Salem, Massachusetts, but was first called Pond Town after the large pond that today is known as Salem Pond.
The first library in Provo was opened in 1854 and there has been an official U.S. Post Office in the city since at least 1894. Provo General Hospital opened in 1903 and gave way to Utah Valley Hospital in 1939. The Utah State (Mental) Hospital dates back to 1880 but was formerly known by less politically correct names. Electric service first came to the valley in 1890.
The Provo area is known worldwide as the home of Brigham Young University. Brigham Young issued a deed of trust to establish Brigham Young Academy on October 16,1875. The fledgling institution went through some rough years and nearly folded on occasion before officially becoming Brigham Young University on October 23, 1903. From humble beginnings with sometimes only a handful of students, it is now a major university with some 30,000 students.
1900 to the Present Day
The County population grew slowly and steadily through the years of World War I, the Great Depression and World War II. The official census counted 23,768 citizens in 1890 and that number grew to only 49,021 in 1940. Today, the county has 516,564* residents.
For many years, Geneva Steel was one of the few major employers outside of agriculture, government and schools. Geneva was built during World War II to provide steel for the war effort. But starting in the 1980s and throughout the 1990s, the valley became one of the entrepreneurial hot spots of the nation and, in particular, has become a Mecca for high-tech, computer-related companies.

Land and Property

  • Land and Property(microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Utah County, Utah. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see public libraries.
  • Utah County Online has Web Access to Utah County Land Records. This includes property searches by name, address, etc., map searches, document searches and document images.
  • Most of the land in Utah was originally obtained from the US federal government by a patent. These General Land Office Records are available and searchable free of charge. The minimum information needed for a search is the state where the land is located and the name of the person receiving the patent. Surveys and Land Status Records can also be searched here.

Herdsmen branded their cattle to keep track of stray animals. A 1913 directory displays the marks used by various Utah County, Utah cattle owners:

  • Peterson, H.F. Brand Directory, Comprising Davis, Weber, Summit, Morgan, Wasatch, Part of Utah and Part of Uintah Counties. Wanship, Utah: H.F. Peterson, 1913. Digital version at Internet Archive.

Maps

  • Maps(microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Utah County, Utah. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see public libraries.

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Utah County, Utah for emigrant settlers included:

Military

Naturalization and Citizenship

Native Races

Newspapers

Small town newspapers contain obituaries, birth or death notices, community news (such as the visit of someone's relatives), legal notices and provide historical content. See Utah newspapers for tips, resources, and details.

Obituaries

Obituaries may mention birth, marriage, spouse, parents, and living family members. See Utah Obituaries for state level compendiums and United States Obituaries for tips and insights regarding this record type.

Obituaries for residents may be found in:

  • On the GenWeb site you will find Deaths/Obits of Yergensen, Pearl, Nuttall V, and the Information from the Daily Herald Obits from October 2004 - Feb 2004 (selected months).


 

Periodicals

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

In Utah, such records may be difficult to find. Try records of the church they may have attended. Realize, however, that such records may have not been preserved, and would not be in the typical records of membership.

It is possible there were records kept by civilian authorities. Ask town or county officials and local librarians and the State Archives. Also try National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections (online).


 Schools

  • Schools(microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Utah County, Utah. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see public libraries.

Probate Records

www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/Utah_County_Probate_Records_(FamilySearch_Historical_Records)

Public Records

Resource Repositories

Courthouses

 
www.co.utah.ut.us/
Utah County, Utah Courthouse
100 E. Center Street
Provo, Utah 84606
801-851-8000

Clerk/Auditor: Room 3600
Phone 801-851-8109
Fax 801-851-8232 and 801-851-7201

County seat: Provo

Family History Centers
Libraries
Societies

 

  • Societies(microfilmed originals or published transcripts) are listed in the FamilySearch Library Catalog for Utah County, Utah. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see public libraries.

Taxation

Vital Records:

Birth
Below are the best sources to find birth information (dates and places of birth and names of parents) for Utah County, Utah. Also available: How to Find Birth Information in Utah.
Follow the suggestions under the year span that matches when your ancestor was born:
Before 1852
Utah County, Utah was formed on 3 March 1852.
      If your records show the person was born here before the county was formed,
      search parent counties
1852-1897
No birth records were created for Utah County, Utah by either by county or state civil authorities in this time period.
Follow these suggestions to find birth information for this time period:
1898-present
County clerks became responsible for recording births beginning in 1898.[22] In 1905, the State Department of Health assumed responsibility and required the counties to forward copies of the records to them.



Records open to the public
Birth records created more than 100 years ago[23] are open to the public.
  • 1898-1905 Series #84185 at Utah State Archives. Not online, no online index.
    • FamilySearch Library copy: FSL film 485244 . There are some names of children in the records, but not all.
    • Idea: use censuses and church records to learn those missing children's names.
  • 1906-1910 online images for Utah County, Utah at the State Archives. Browse the "not yet indexed" area by year and county. Most entries do have names of children.
  • Online Utah, Births and Christenings, 1892-1941, a FamilySearch Historical Records Collection. (Index only, free). Created from the old IGI, this is a mix of some extracted records and submissions by patrons. Please realize it is not complete.
Restricted records
Access to official birth records within 100 years is restricted to those who meet certain requirements. Order copies:
  • Office of Vital Records and Statistics, 288 North 1460 West, Salt Lake City, Utah, Phone: (801) 538-6105. How to order online, by mail, or in person.
____________________
Marriage
  • Marriages for Utah from 20 Feb 1851 to 25 Aug 1941 are listed on the Western States Marriage Index. Data is incomplete as there are no civil government recorded marriages in Utah County prior to 1887.  Some early divorce records were also indexed and included.
  • 1887–1966 — Utah County. (Utah). County Clerk. Marriage Records of Utah County, 1887–1966 FHL Films 482939 (first of 45 films). These are also indexed in the Early Church Information File for marriages up to 1914.

Wiki articles describing a collection is found at: Utah, County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Death

Utah Death Certificates 1904 - 1956 -A free internet access to the 1904-1956 death certificates can be viewed as the Historical Records .  Utah requires a death certificate before a burial is completed.  A death certificate may contain information as to the name of the deceased, date of death, and place of death, as well as the age, birthdate, parents, gender, marital status, spouse and place of residence.

Utah State Burial Index  You can search this data base for deaths before 1904.

Death Record Substitutes

  • 1870 - U.S. Federal Census Mortality Schedules, 1850-1885 at Ancestry ($). Includes 1870 Utah County, Utah mortality schedule.

Voting Registers

Towns and Communities

Communities

Birdseye | Dividend | Cedar Fort | Fairfield | Genola | Goshen | Vineyard | Woodland Hills

Ghost towns

Colton | Forest City | Mill Fork | Mosida | Thistle | Tucker

Cities

References

  1. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 676-677. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Utah County, Utah Page 688 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. "FHLC Film 505913" (Salt Lake City, Utah : GSU, 1981).
  4. 1856 Utah census returns (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1856).
  5. 1856 Utah census index : an every-name index (Salt Lake City, UT : Index Pub., 1983), [FHL book 979.2 X22d 1856].
  6. "FHLC Book 979.2 X22u 1856" (Bountiful, Utah : Accelerated Indexing Systems, c1983 ).
  7. Funeral Home & Cemetery Directory.(Youngstown, OH: Nomis Publications, Inc., c2009,937.
  8. Funeral Home and Cemetery Directory. (Youngstown, OH: Nomis Publications, Inc., c2009,937.
  9. Funeral Home and Cemetery Directory.(Youngstown, OH: Nomis Publications, Inc., c2009,938.
  10. Funeral Home and Cemetery Directory.(Youngstown, OH: Nomis Publications, Inc., c2009,938.
  11. Funeral Home and Cemetery Directory.(Youngstown, OH: Nomis Publications, Inc., c2009,938.
  12. Funeral Home and Cemetery Directory.(Youngstown, OH: Nomis Publications, Inc., c2009,938.
  13. Funeral Home and Cemetery Directory.(Youngstown, OH: Nomis Publications, Inc., c2009,938.
  14. Funeral Home and Cemetery Directory.(Youngstown, OH: Nomis Publications, Inc., c2009,938.
  15. Funeral Home and Cemetery Directory.(Youngstown, OH: Nomis Publications, Inc., c2009,938.
  16. "Oregon California Trails Association" at http://octatrails.micromaps.com/ (accessed 18 July 2011).
  17. "The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at http://lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/pioneerstory.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).
  18. "Jefferson Hunt" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jefferson_Hunt (accessed 6 September 2011).
  19. "Central Overland Route" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Overland_Route (accessed 13 September 2011).
  20. Wikipedia contributors, "Union Pacific Railroad" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_Pacific_Railroad (accessed 14 September 2011).
  21. Wikipedia contributors, "Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denver_and_Rio_Grande_Western_Railroad (accessed 14 September 2011).
  22. Utah State Archives, Birth Records guide, accessed 28 July 2012.)
  23. State Department of Health Birth, Marriage, and Death Certificates page. Accessed 7/31/2012