Washington Census

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:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]  
 
:*[[United States Census Historical Background|historical background]]  
 
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
 
:*[[United States Census#Contents_of_Federal_Censuses|contents of various census years and types]]
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*[http://search.ancestryinstitution.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=3579 ''Washington, Compiled Census Index, 1850-90''] (If the link does not work, go to [http://www.ancestry.com/ ancestry.com]  ($), click '''Search''', select '''Card Catalog''', paste Title into search box, click '''Search''')
  
 
=== Sources and footnotes  ===
 
=== Sources and footnotes  ===

Revision as of 14:19, 6 November 2013

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Census  Gotoarrow.png  Washington  Gotoarrow.png  Census

Contents

Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Washington indexes and images

1900-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Washington 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1940 indexes Link - Link
Link
- - Link Link Link Link -
images Link - Link
Link
Link
- - Link Link Link -
Link
1930 indexes Link - - - Link Link Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link Link Link Link Link Link
1920 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1910 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1900 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1880-1889

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Washington 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1889 Territorial indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1887 Territorial indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1885 Territorial indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1883 Territorial indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1880 indexes Link Soundex Link - - Link Link Link Link -
images - Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link

1850-1871

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Washington 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1871 Territorial indexes - - - - - Link Link Link - -
images - - - - - Link Link Link - -
1870 indexes Link - Link - - Link Link Link Link -
images Link Link - Link - Link Link Link - Link
1860[8] indexes Link - - Link Link Link Link Link Link Link
images -
Link - Link Link Link Link Link - Link
1850[9] indexes Link - - - - Link Link Link Link -
images OR
Terr
Link
OR
Terr
Link
- OR
Terr
Link
- OR
Terr
Link
OR
Terr
Link
OR
Terr
Link
- Link
  Family Search Internet Archive Misc.  Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL  Ancestry Library  Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 1870  
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860  
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex  
     


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 1870 M593        
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1077 1860 M653
1920 T625 and Soundex M1593 1880 T9 and Soundex T777
     


Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Washington, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Washington

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans - - Link Link Link
1880 Defective - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality (as part of Oregon Territory) - - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

The mortality schedules for 1860 to 1880 are also available at the DAR Library in Washington D.C. and at the Washington State Library.

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Washington, click here.

State and territorial censuses


Washington took censuses in the years between the federal censuses, the dates are listed below. State census records may have columns that were different or more unusual than those found on federal censuses. The responses and years of coverage may give additional information on the family.

Washington state, territorial, and colonial censuses[10][11]
No statewide state census was taken, but many county censuses were taken at different years from 1856 to 1898.
1898  County of Garfield
1892  Counties of Douglas, Garfield, King, Klickitat, Mason, Pierce, Stevens, Thurston, and Walla Walla 
1891  County of Jefferson 
1889  Counties of Adams, Asotin, Clallam, Columbia, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lincoln, Mason, Pierce, San Juan, Snohomish, Thurston, Whatcom, and Whitman
1887  Counties of Adams, Asotin, Clallam, Clark, Columbia, Cowlitz, Douglas, Franklin, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lewis, Lincoln, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Spokane, Stevens, Thurston, Wahkiakum, Walla Walla, Whatcom, Whitman, and Yakima
1885  Counties of Adams, Asotin, Chehalis, Clallam, Clark, Columbia, Cowlitz, Douglas, Franklin, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Kittitas, Klickitat, Lewis, Lincoln, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, San Juan, Skagit, Skamania, Snohomish, Spokane, Stevens, Thurston, Wahkiakum, Walla Walla, Whatcom, Whitman, and Yakima
1883  Counties of Clallam, Clark, Columbia, Cowlitz, Garfield, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Klickitat, Lewis, Mason, Pacific, Pierce, Snohomish, Thurston, Whitman, and Yakima
1881  Counties of Jefferson, King, and Thurston
1880  Counties of Jefferson, King, and Thurston
1879  Counties of Jefferson, King, Mason, Pierce, and Thurston
1878  Counties of Jefferson, Mason, Pierce, Stevens, and Thurston
1877  Counties of Jefferson and Thurston
1875  County of Thurston
1874  County of Jefferson
1873  County of Thurston
1871  Counties of Chehalis, Clallam, Clark, Cowlitz, Island, Jefferson, King, Kitsap, Klickitat, Lewis, Mason, Pierce, Skamania, Stevens, Thurston, Whatcom, and Yakima
1860  Counties of Chehalis, Clallam, Clark, Island, Jefferson, Kitsap, Lewis, Skamania, and Whatcom
1858   County of Chehalis
1857  Counties of Clallam, Clark, Island, Kitsap, Lewis, Mason, Pierce, and Wahkiakum
1856  County of King

These partial censuses are available at the Washington State Library, the Family History Library (beginning with Family History Library film 1841781) and ancestry.com  The years included:

1854, 1856, 1857, 1860, 1861, 1871, 1873, 1875, 1877-1879, 1880, 1881, 1883, 1885, 1887, 1890-1892, 1898, 1907.

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Washington censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. The 1860 federal census of Washington Territory included the populated areas of present-day Washington. Also, the northern portion of present-day Idaho and parts of present-day northwestern Montana were included with Spokane County.
  9. The 1850 Federal census of Oregon Territory included the populated areas of present-day western Washington.
  10. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992)[[FHL book 973 X2Lai]], 109-12.
  11. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948)[FHL Book 973 X23s; Fiche 6018062], 62.