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Chile, an Overview

Chile is a country located on the southwestern part of South America. Its official name is the Republic of Chile and its capital is the city of Santiago de Chile.

Chile comprises a long narrow strip of land known as continental Chile, between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains , which extends from 17 º 29'57 S and 56 º 32'S latitude (Islas Diego Ramírez ), bordered on the north by Peru, on the east by Bolivia and Argentina, and on the south by the Drake Passage. Also, Chile oversees island territories in the Pacific Ocean, such as the Juan Fernández Archipelago, Sala y Gómez, Desventuradas Islands, and Easter Island (located in Polynesia), totaling an area of ​​755,838.7 km².

Though Chile claims over one million square kilometers of Antarctica—called the Chilean Antarctic Territory and between the meridians 90 º and 53 º West, which prolongs Chile's claimed southern boundary to the South Pole—this claim is not recognized in accordance with the provisions of the Antarctic Treaty, which without Chile's signature constitutes a waiver by Chile. Due to its presence in South America, Oceania and Antarctica, Chile defines itself as a tri-continental country.

There are approximately 17 million inhabitants of Chile, and the per capita GDP and level of economic growth and quality of life are among the highest in Latin America.

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Chile is politically divided into 15 regions, which are both named and numbered (designated by a Roman Numeral). Additionally each region is divided into several provinces. Understanding political divisions is essential to doing family history, because these divisions determine where records are recorded and archived. To learn more about Chile's political division. Click here.

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  • This page was last modified on 12 December 2014, at 03:13.
  • This page has been accessed 28,805 times.