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Tips
  • If at first you don't find a name, try again under another spelling.
  • Photocopy each ancestor's census. Identify where you found it.
  • Look for an ancestor in every census during her or his lifetime.
  • On the family group record show each person's census listings.
  • Study others in the same household, neighbors, and anyone with the similar names nearby on the census in community context.


  • For a list of the exact date of each federal census, click here.

Online Ohio indexes and images

1880-1940

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Ohio 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
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1880 indexes Link Soundex - Link - Link Link Link Link -
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1800-1870

Online Federal and State Population Schedules of Ohio 
  Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card)* Pay
Family
Search[1]
Internet Archive[2]  Misc.  Heritage Quest[3] Fold3[4] Ancestry FHL[5] Ancestry Library[5] Ancestry Home[5] Archives[6] Family Link[7]
1870 indexes Link - - Link - Link Link Link Link -
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  Family Search Internet Archive Misc. Heritage Quest Fold3 Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home Archives Family Link
Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with a library card) Pay


Federal population schedules

Microfilm images

Federal Census Microfilms Available from the Family History Library
1940 N/A 1910 and Soundex 1870  1830
1930 1900 and Soundex 1860 1820 
1920 and Soundex 1880 and Soundex 1850 1810 
1840 1800 


Federal Census Microfilms Available from the National Archives
1940 N/A 1910 T624 and Soundex T1272 1870 M593 1840 M704
1930 T626 1900 T623 and Soundex T1065 1860 M653 1830 M19
1920 T625 and Soundex M1581 1890 fragments M407 and index M496 1850 M432 1820 M33
  1880 T9   Soundex T767    

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the population schedules of Ohio, click here

Federal non-population schedules

Online indexes and images

Online Federal Non-Population Schedules for Ohio

Free Free at Some Libraries (usually with library card) Pay
Year Type Record Search Census Bureau Google Book Heritage Quest Ancestry FHL Ancestry Library Ancestry Home
1890 Veterans Link - - - Link Link Link
1880 Mortality (Partial) Link - - - Link Link Link
1870 Mortality (Partial) Link - - - Link Link Link
1860 Mortality Link - - - Link Link Link
1850 Mortality (Partial) Link - - - Link Link Link
1840 Pensioners Link BookLink BookLink - Link Link Link

Microfilm images

1850-1880 Agriculture Census 1850 Mortality Schedule 1860 Mortality Schedule

Indexes: fiche, film, or book

For a list of microform and book indexes for the non-population schedules of Ohio, click here.

State, territorial, and colonial censuses

Ohio state, territorial, and colonial censuses[8][9]
 No State sponsored enumeration was taken for Ohio.  Some local enumerations were taken for a few counties. 

Existing and lost censuses

For a list of available and missing Ohio censuses, click here.

Why use a census?

A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to follow the changes in a family over time, and identify neighbors. These and other clues provided by censuses are important because they help find additional kinds of records about the family.

More about censuses

Click here for additional details about how to use censuses, such as:

Sources and footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 FamilySearch, a free online service of the Family History Library, including free images of many federal censuses, including an index of the 1880 federal census of the United States; connected with 1880 census images provided by Ancestry.com, a subscription site.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Internet Archive, a free online service includes free images of most of the federal censuses.
  3. 3.0 3.1 HeritageQuest has arranged with many subscribing public libraries in the United States to allow users free access on home computers by means of their personal library card numbers. HeritageQuest provides images of all surviving 1790 to 1930 federal censuses, and indexes to many but not all of them.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Fold3, formerly known as Footnote.com, a subscription site partnering with the National Archives and includes some federal censuses. Free access is available at many public libraries.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Ancestry.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources. They have three online editions: (1) an FHL edition free only at the Family History Library and a few Family History Centers, (2) a slightly smaller Library edition free only at some public libraries, and (3) a Home edition subscription service for individuals.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Archives.com, a subscription site that provides online indexes and images to all surviving federal census records, among other sources.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FamilyLink.com, a subscription site that provides online images (and some indexes) to all surviving federal and many state census records, among other sources.
  8. Ann S. Lainhart, State Census Records (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992), 91-94.
  9. Henry J. Dubester, State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken After the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1948), 52.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 10 December 2012, at 23:25.
  • This page has been accessed 27,658 times.