Ontario Census 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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Access the records: Ontario Census 1861 .

Contents

Record Description

This census was taken on January 14, 1861 and applied to the residents as of the previous night (January 13, 1861).

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by township and enumeration district.

The Census contains the 1861 census for the province of Ontario. At this time Ontario was not yet part of the Dominion of Canada but was called Canada West.

The census taker took the information on the census day starting January 14, 1861. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day.

Enumeration was by census district. Census districts were voting districts, not counties, although most have the same names as counties. For the most part, census districts were synonymous with cities and counties, and sub districts were synonymous with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location.

Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

Census information may have been given by a member of the family or a neighbor.

Record Content

Census records may contain the following information:

  • Name of resident
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Religion
  • Place of birth
  • Approximate year of birth
  • Place of residence

How to Use the Record

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of ancestor
  • Approximate year and place of residence

Search the Collection

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the people in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several records and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

For tips about searching online collections, see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Using the Information

When you have located the record of your ancestor, the following can help you further your research:

Use the calculated birth year and birthplace to search for a birth record in the Ontario Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records) collection

General Information About These Records

Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.

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Don't overlook FHL Place Canada, Ontario items or FHL Keyword Ontario items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Ontario Archives and Libraries.

Known Issues with This Collection

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See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection, see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citations for This Collection

Citing your sources makes it easy for others to find and evaluate the records you used. When you copy information from a record, list where you found that information. Here you can find citations already created for the entire collection and for each individual record or image.  

Collection Citation:

"Ontario Census, 1861." Database. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2015. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives, Toronto.


Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Ontario Census 1861.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 21 July 2015, at 21:51.
  • This page has been accessed 26,156 times.