United States Census Slave SchedulesEdit This Page

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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png Slave Schedules

Historical Background

Slave Schedules were used in two U.S. Federal Censuses: The 1850 U.S. Federal Census and the 1860 U.S. Federal Census. Slaves were usually not named, but enumerated separately and usually only numbered under the slave owner's name. The National Archives has microfilmed all of the original manuscripts for applicable states.

Contents

1850 and 1860 schedules

  • City, town, or sub district of slave owner
  • Name of slave owner
  • NO NAMES OF SLAVES (occasionally names were listed)
  • Number of slaves owned
  • Age, sex, color
  • Fugitive from state?
  • Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
  • Deaf,dumb (mute), blind, insane, or idiotic?

1860 added one additional question:

  • Number of slave houses

Blank Schedules

Blank 1850 Slave Schedule (reproduction)
Blank 1860 Slave Schedule (reproduction)

Value

  1. Name -- Sometimes an enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves. Each countywide slave schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not.
  2. Number -- The number of slaves enumerated could help determine if the owner had a plantation or not, and size.

1850 Slave Schedules

1850 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.

Where to Find the Records

The 1850 Slave Schedules are available online.

Online

1860 Slave Schedules

1860 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.

Where to Find the Records

The 1860 Slave Schedules are available online.

Online

Websites

References

  • Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
  • Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 18 January 2012, at 19:07.
  • This page has been accessed 36,110 times.