April of 2011 will commemorate the 150th year of the beginning of the Civil War. The war began on April 12, 1861, when troops in South Carolina fired upon the federal garrison at Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. By the end of the war in 1865, approximately 3.5 million soldiers on the Union and Confederate sides had fought. The war resulted in almost 600,000 deaths and affected nearly every American family.
In recognition and honor of all who served and sacrificed, United States and Canada research consultants and missionaries in the Family History Library are contributing information to the FamilySearch Research Wiki for each state and each regiment of the Civil War. This ambitious effort is a work in process. Each regimental page will contain:
- a brief history of the regiment
- a list of companies with their counties of origin
- a picture, sources, references and links
To access information in the Research Wiki about a Civil War regiment, search by the state from which a soldier served. For example, see the article Ohio in the Civil War. Each state page will act as an index and provide a link to a page for each regiment associated with that state.
Research consultants also are adding to the Wiki information on regiments of the United States Colored Troops. The United States Army began to organize African Americans into regimental units known as the United States Colored Troops (USCT) in 1863. Approximately 186,000 African Americans served in the United States Colored Troops. The enlistment of free blacks and slaves was considered a key to winning the war. Many USCT regiments originated as state militia units before 1863.
To access these pages, type in the Wiki search field “United States Colored Troops in the Civil War.” This page acts as an introduction and index to all the USCT regiments, and provides links to a page for each regiment.
As participants in the internet genealogy community, the consultants and missionaries at the Family History Library are dedicated to serving and collaborating with the genealogy community. To learn more about the Research Wiki and how you can contribute, go to wiki.familysearch.org.