Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson

General in the Confederate Army

Captain, my religious belief teaches me to feel as safe in battle as in bed. God has fixed the time for my death. I do not concern myself about that, but to be always ready, no matter when it may overtake me. That is the way all men should live, and then all would be equally brave.
  • Name Thomas Jonathan Jackson
  • Birth 21 January 1824
  • Death: 10 May 1863
    Guinea Station, Virginia, U.S

Life Sketch

Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and one of the best-known Confederate commanders after General Robert E. Lee. His military career includes the Valley Campaign of 1862 and his service as a corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee.

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Military historians consider Jackson to be one of the most gifted tactical commanders in the nation's history. His Valley Campaign and his envelopment of the Union Army right wing at Chancellorsville are studied worldwide even today as examples of innovative and bold leadership. He excelled as well in other battles: the First Battle of Bull Run (where he received his famous nickname "Stonewall"), Second Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. Jackson was not universally successful as a commander, however, as displayed by his weak and confused efforts during the Seven Days Battles around Richmond in 1862.

Confederate soldiers in his own army accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. He survived but lost his left arm to amputation as a result of the incident. However, he died of complications of pneumonia eight days later. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting not only its military prospects, but also the morale of its army and of the general public.

Records

1860 U.S. Federal Census—Listed on line 2 with his wife Mary Anna.

1860 U.S. Federal Census—Listed on line 2 with his wife Mary Anna.

Painting, Battle of Bull Run, where Jackson distinguished himself.

Painting, Battle of Bull Run, where Jackson distinguished himself.