Ulysses S. Grant
U.S. General, Commander of the Union Armies
Although a soldier by profession,
I have never felt any sort of
fondness for war, and I have never
except as a means of peace.
- Name Ulysses S. Grant
- Birth 27 April 1822
Point Pleasant, Ohio, U.S.
- Death: 23 July 1885
Mount McGregor, New York, U.S.
U.S. general, commander of the Union armies during the late years (1864–65) of the American Civil War, and 18th president of the United States (1869–77). Grant quickly rose in the ranks at the onset of the American Civil War. A former military officer who had served in the Mexican War and was later stationed on the Pacific Coast, Grant had extensive military experience.
At the peak of the Civil War, Grant was able to secure the Mississippi Valley and effectively cut the Confederate forces in half. Grant led a strategy to occupy Lee's army near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia while Sherman routed Confederate strongholds further south. The strategy worked, and Lee surrendered to Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse on April 9, 1865. Grant negotiated generous terms of surrender, which helped set the tone for reunifying the North and South and for southern reconstruction.
Grant later succeeded Andrew Johnson as president of the United States and served for two terms. After serving as president, Ulysses and Julia Grant spent some time traveling the world. He completed his memoirs shortly before his death in 1885.