William T. Sherman
General in the Union Army
The scenes on this field would
have cured anybody of war.
- Name William Tecumseh Sherman
- Birth 8 February 1820
Lancaster, Ohio, U.S.
- Death: 14 February 1891
New York City, New York, U.S.
William Tecumseh Sherman served as a General in the Union Army during the American Civil War (1861–65). He received both praise and criticism for his military command and strategy, which included his harsh "scorched earth" policies, designed to demoralize and incapacitate the Confederacy. Serving under General Ulysses S. Grant in 1862 and 1863, Sherman participated in campaigns against Vicksburg and throughout Tennessee. Later, as the Union commander in the western theater, he led his troops to capture Atlanta and also on a march through Georgia and the Carolinas to the sea. He ultimately accepted the surrender of Confederate armies in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida in April 1865.
His assignments included: colonel, 13th Infantry (May 14, 1861); commanding 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Army of Northeastern Virginia (June–August 17, 1861); brigadier general, USV (August 7, 1861, to rank from May 17); commanding brigade, Division of the Potomac (August 17–28, 1861); second-in-command, Department of the Cumberland (August 28–October 8, 1861); commanding the department (October 8–November 9, 1861); commanding District of Cairo, Department of the Missouri (February 14–March 1, 1862); commanding 5th Division, Army of the Tennessee (March 1–July 21, 1862); major general, USV (May 1, 1862); commanding 5th Division, District of Memphis, Army of the Tennessee, July 21–September 24, 1862); commanding 1lst Division, District of Memphis, Army of the Tennessee (September 24–October 26, 1862); also commanding the district (July 21–October 26, 1862); commanding District of Memphis, 13th Corps, Army of the Tennessee (October 24–November 25, 1862); commanding Yazoo Expedition, Army of the Tennessee (December 18, 1862–January 4, 1863); commanding 2nd Corps, Army of the Mississippi (January 4–12, 1863); commanding 15th Corps, Army of the Tennessee, January 12–October 29, 1863); brigadier general, USA July 4, 1863); commanding Army and Department of the Tennessee (October 24, 1863–March 26, 1864); commanding Military Division of the Mississippi (March 18, 1864–June 27, 1865); major general, USA (August 12, 1864); lieutenant general, USA (July 25, 1866); general, USA (March 4, 1869); and commander-in-chief, USA (March 8, 1869–November 1, 1883).
After the American Civil War, Sherman became commanding general of the Army. Throughout his career, Sherman refused to participate in partisan politics. He passed away in 1891 at his home in New York.