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Brief History

5th Cavalry Regiment was organized during the early spring of 1863. Later it was reorganized as Morgan's Arkansas Cavalry Regiment. [1]

The Desha Rangers was an independent cavalry troop, organized by Captain William S. Malcomb in rural Desha county, Arkansas, December 13, 1862. The Rangers continued to recruit (and conscript) heavily in Desha and Arkansas counties throughout the first half of 1863. A large number of the Rangers had previously served in the Desha County Militia in late 1861. Though the Desha Rangers were enlisted as an independent company, they were often temporarily attached to various cavalry regiments, depending upon the needs of the army. For a time they were attached to the 5th Arkansas Cavalry Regiment as Company M; and later were attached to Carlton’s Arkansas Cavalry Regiment as Company H. The records of the Trans-Mississippi Army are very sketchy from late 1864 to the surrender in 1865; therefore it is difficult to track the activities of the Desha Rangers with any degree of certainty during this period. It appears that they ended the war still attached to Carlton’s Cavalry Regiment.  [2]

© 2001 by EDWARD G. GERDES all rights reserved. This information may be used by libraries and genealogical societies, however, commercial use of this information is strictly prohibited without prior permission. If copied, this copyright notice must appear with the information.

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 11 men on its roster for this unit. Possibly this unit did not complete its organization, and the men went to other units. Roster.

Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in 'Arkansas in the Civil War' and 'United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865' (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Arkansas in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Tennessee, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.


  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).
  2. EDWARD G. GERDES, Arkansas Civil War Regiments, Rosters and Muster Rolls, http://www.couchgenweb.com/civilwar/deshargr.html . 11/8/2010


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  • This page was last modified on 30 January 2015, at 04:26.
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