Alleghany County, North Carolina GenealogyEdit This Page

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This article is about a northwestern North Carolina county. For other uses, see Alleghany.

United States Gotoarrow.png North Carolina Gotoarrow.png Alleghany County

Guide to Alleghany County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Alleghany County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Alleghany County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1776
County Seat Sparta
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County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Alleghany County, North Carolina Genealogy Government Records

Alleghany County Courthouse
Main Street PO Box 186
Sparta, NC 28675
Phone: 336-372-4342

Clerk Superior Court has birth death records from 1914
Court records from 1869 & land records from 1860[1]

Alleghany County Register of Deeds
348 S. Main Street, County Adm. Bldg.
Sparta, NC 28675
Telephone: 336.372.4342
Fax: 336.372.2061

Clerk of Superior Court
PO Box 61
Sparta, NC 28675
Telephone: (336) 372-3900


In 1776 settlers in what would eventually become Tennessee successfully petitioned North Carolina to recognize the Washington District. The District included all of modern Tennessee except two small settlements (North-of-Holston, Fincastle County, and Pendleton, Washington County) in the far northeast that were considered part of Virginia at the time. Washington (old) County was created from Washington District by North Carolina in 1777 as the western county of North Carolina.[2]

In August 1784 delegates from Washington and two other western North Carolina counties which had split off from Washington (all now in Tennessee), declared their Independence from North Carolina because of perceived neglect, and misuse by North Carolina’s legislature. By May 1785 they had petitioned to be admitted to the United States as the new State of Franklin. The Franklin statehood request was denied. By 1789 the hopes for a State of Franklin faded. North Carolina refused to recognize several counties created by Franklin out of Washington County.[3]

North Carolina was admitted to the Union in 1789 and ceded her western counties to the United States. The United States made these western counties into the Southwest Territory. In 1792 North Carolina divided Washington (old) County and annexed some of its land that would later become Alleghany, Ashe, and Watauga counties in North Carolina to Wilkes County, North Carolina.[4] In 1796 the remainder of Washington County became part of the new State of Tennessee.

North Carolina created Ashe County out of Wilkes County in 1799, and in 1859 erected Alleghany County out of Ashe County.[5]

For a detailed assessment of Alleghany records and their availability, see:

Parent County

1859--Alleghany County was created in 1859 from the eastern part of Ashe County. County seat: Sparta[5]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

Some records were lost in a 1932 courthouse fire. For more information on extant records, see the following:



Alleghany County currently has seven townships:

  • Cherry Lane
  • Cranberry
  • Gap Civil
  • Glade Creek
  • Piney Creek
  • Prathers Creek
  • Whitehead

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties





For tips on accessing Alleghany County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.



  • Court (U.S. GenWeb Archives)


Local Histories



Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

- 4th Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry and Infantry) (Confederate). Company B.[6]
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Detailed Men, Company F
:- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company B
:- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company F



Online Probate Records


Vital Records



Societies and Libraries 

Alleghany Historical & Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 817
Sparta 28675

Alleghany Historical Museum
7 North Main Street
Sparta, NC.
Alleghany Historical Museum

Free Admission.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Allegheny County, North Carolina p. 506. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Joyce Cox, and W. Eugene Cox, History of Washington County Tennessee (Jonesborough, Tenn.: Washington County Historical Assoc., 2001), 54.
  3. “State of Franklin” in North Carolina History Project at (accessed 27 June 2010).
  4. Arthur L. Fletcher, Ashe County: A History (Jefferson, N.C.: Ashe County Research Assoc., 1963), 33-34.
  5. 5.0 5.1 The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002), 506.
  6. The Virginia State Line: Organizational Structure of the Virginia State Line,, accessed 11 June 2012.
  7. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at


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  • This page was last modified on 29 October 2015, at 14:55.
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