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WalesGotoarrow.pngWrexhamGotoarrow.pngBersham

Bersham (Welsh: Y Bers) is a village and ecclesiastical parish in the county borough of County Borough of Wrexham in Wales. Bersham is part of the community of Esclusham.

Contents

History

BERSHAM-DRELINCOURT, a chapelry, in the parish and union of Wrexham, hundred of Bromfield, county of Denbigh, North Wales, 2 miles (W. by N.) from Wrexham. In or near this chapelry are extensive paper-mills, situated upon the river Clywedog; and the whole district abounds with valuable mines of iron and coal. The chapel, known by the local name of "Capel Madam," is situated at the southwestern extremity of the township of Broughton.[1]


The area had been rich in iron, lead, and coal which had been extracted for several centuries but it became an important centre in the Industrial Revolution and was one of the most important iron manufacturing centres in the world. Here in 1761, John Iron Mad Wilkinson, a pioneer of the Industrial Revolution, set up his ironworks in the valley of the Afon Clywedog.

Bersham Colliery, the last working coal mine in the former Denbighshire coalfield, was not actually in Bersham but situated nearby in the village of Rhostyllen in Esclusham.

Formerly a chapelry in the parish of Wrexham, the new parish of Bersham was created in 1934 from parts of the parishes of Rhosddu and Wrexham. The parish church was built in 1742 and was consecrated in 1759.

For more information on Bersham see:

Administration

Years County
pre 1536 Powys Fadog
1536 - 31 March 1974 Denbighshire
1 April 1974 - 31 March 1996 Clwyd
from 1 April 1996 Wrexham

Census Records

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 104271.


The parish of Wrexham, and later the parish of Bersham, formed part of the Wrexham Registrar's District.

Year Parts
1841 missing
1851 HO107/2503 folios 634-699 & 842-850
1861 RG9/4284 folios 42-88
RG9/4285 folios 1-34
1871 RG10/5655 folio 39-130
RG10/5658 folios 2-9 & 109-111 & 122-124
1881 RG11/5515 folios 41-141
RG11/5517 folio 83
RG11/5520 folios 102-104 & 121-124 & 127-136
1891 RG12/4614 folio folios 38-128
RG12/4619 folios 96-98 &114-116 & 129-135
1901

Church Records

 

Nonconformist Church Records

 

Civil Records

Births, marriages and deaths in Bersham are recorded in the GRO indexes as:

Years Sub-district District Volumes
1 Jul 1837 - 1974 Wrexham Wrexham XXVII (1837-51)
11b (1852-1946)
8A (1946-74)


Poor Law Union

The Wrexham Union was created on 30 March 1837 and the parish of Wrexham formed part of this. A workhouse was built at Croesnewydd in Wrexham. The records of the Wrexham Union are now held at Denbighshire Record Office in Ruthin.

Cemeteries

 

See also

 

Bibliography

 

Websites

References

  1. Lewis, Samuel A., A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1849) Adapted. Date accessed: 11 September 2014.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 3 February 2015, at 00:17.
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