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BERSHAM-DRELINCOURT, a chapelry, in the parish and union of Wrexham, hundred of Bromfield, county of Denbigh, North Wales, 2 miles (W. by N.) from Wrexham. In or near this chapelry are extensive paper-mills, situated upon the river Clywedog; and the whole district abounds with valuable mines of iron and coal. The chapel, known by the local name of "Capel Madam," is situated at the southwestern extremity of the township of Broughton.
The area had been rich in iron, lead, and coal which had been extracted for several centuries but it became an important centre in the Industrial Revolution and was one of the most important iron manufacturing centres in the world. Here in 1761, John Iron Mad Wilkinson, a pioneer of the Industrial Revolution, set up his ironworks in the valley of the Afon Clywedog.
Bersham Colliery, the last working coal mine in the former Denbighshire coalfield, was not actually in Bersham but situated nearby in the village of Rhostyllen in Esclusham.
Formerly a chapelry in the parish of Wrexham, the new parish of Bersham was created in 1934 from parts of the parishes of Rhosddu and Wrexham. The parish church was built in 1742 and was consecrated in 1759.
For more information on Bersham see:
|pre 1536||Powys Fadog|
|1536 - 31 March 1974||Denbighshire|
|1 April 1974 - 31 March 1996||Clwyd|
|from 1 April 1996||Wrexham|
Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 104271.
The parish of Wrexham, and later the parish of Bersham, formed part of the Wrexham Registrar's District.
|1851||HO107/2503 folios 634-699 & 842-850|
|1861|| RG9/4284 folios 42-88|
RG9/4285 folios 1-34
|1871|| RG10/5655 folio 39-130|
RG10/5658 folios 2-9 & 109-111 & 122-124
|1881|| RG11/5515 folios 41-141|
RG11/5517 folio 83
RG11/5520 folios 102-104 & 121-124 & 127-136
|1891|| RG12/4614 folio folios 38-128|
RG12/4619 folios 96-98 &114-116 & 129-135
Nonconformist Church Records
Births, marriages and deaths in Bersham are recorded in the GRO indexes as:
|1 Jul 1837 - 1974||Wrexham||Wrexham|| XXVII (1837-51)|
Poor Law Union
The Wrexham Union was created on 30 March 1837 and the parish of Wrexham formed part of this. A workhouse was built at Croesnewydd in Wrexham. The records of the Wrexham Union are now held at Denbighshire Record Office in Ruthin.
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