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[[United States Genealogy|United State] [[Image:Gotoarrow.pn] [[United States Migration Internal|Migratio] [[Image:Gotoarrow.pn] [[US Migration Trails and Roads|Trails and Road] [[Image:Gotoarrow.pn] Butterfield Overland Mail
Butterfield Overland Mail route from St. Louis or Memphis to Fort Smith, El Paso, Yuma, Los Angeles and San Francisco.
Overland mail was carried in this type of stagecoach. This ca. 1869 coach is guarded by soldiers on top.
In 1853 the [[United States Genealogy|United State] bought the Gadsden Purchas from [[Mexico Genealogy|Mexic. This was land in what is now [[New Mexico Genealogy|New Mexic] and [[Arizona Genealogy|Arizon] south of the Gila Rive. It was purchased in order to have a snow-free route from the rest of the United States to [[California Genealogy|Californi.
From 1857 to 1861 a mail and stage coach route was used called the Butterfield Overland Mail, or Oxbow Route, or Butterfield Overland Stage. The route went from eastern terminals at St. Louis, [[Missouri Genealogy|Missour] and Memphis, [[Tennessee Genealogy|Tennesse] and joined at Fort Smith, [[Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansa]. From there it went through Indian Territory ([[Oklahoma Genealogy|Oklahom]), El Paso ([[Texas Genealogy|Texa]), [[New Mexico Genealogy|New Mexic], Yuma ([[Arizona Genealogy|Arizon]), Los Angeles, and San Francisco, [[California Genealogy|Californi]. The [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Wells_Fargo Wells Farg and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Express#History American Expres companies operated this stage coach and mail service contract.
In 1861 Congress discontinued this mail route in favor of the Central Overland Trail (Pony Expres (See also [[Pony Expres and telegraph) to California (St. Joseph, [[Missouri Genealogy|Missour] to Placerville, California).In 1881 a route like the old Butterfield Overland Mail was followed by the Southern Pacific Railroad from Los Angeles to El Paso.
- San Francisco, [[California Genealogy|Californi]
- Los Angeles, California
- Yuma, [[Arizona Genealogy|Arizon]
- Tucson, Arizona
- Franklin (near El Paso), [[Texas Genealogy|Texa]
- [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Chadbourne Fort Chadbourn, Texas (central west Texas)
- Colbert's Ferr, Indian Territory (on Red River near Colbert, [[Oklahoma Genealogy|Oklahom)
- Fort Smith, [[Arkansas Genealogy|Arkansa]
- Tipton, [[Missouri Genealogy|Missour] (near Jefferson City) railroad to St. Louis
- St. Louis, Missouri
Settlers and Records
Most of the settlers who used this stage line would have settled in [[California Genealogy|Californi]. [[Missouri Genealogy|Missour], [[Illinois Genealogy|Illinoi], and [[Tennessee Genealogy|Tennesse] are the most likely origins of people who used this route.
No known passenger lists are available.
[[Category:Migration_Route] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Road] [[Category:Missour] [[Category:Arkansa] [[Category:Tennesse] [[Category:Oklahom] [[Category:Texa] [[Category:New_Mexic] [[Category:Arizon] [[Category:Californi]
This page was last modified on 7 October 2015, at 03:42.
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