Danish Probate LanguageEdit This Page

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The following is a list of need-to-know words when researching through Danish probates:

Afdøde/Afgange
deceased/departed
Aftægtsmand/kone
A retired man/wife being supported by the new owner of their farm (usually a child)
Arv/Arvinger/Arve afgift/Arve attest
Inheritance/heirs/inheritance tax/
Arvesummen
the sum of the inheritance
Aar gl.
Years old
Boet
the house
En Broderlod
a brother's share of an inheritance (this could be used when talking about a son (having a share with his brothers and sisters) or the deceased's brother)
Boslod/Lodseddel
Certificate for a share or lot
Byfogeden
The city baliff
Dødsanmeldelsesprotokoller
Starting in 1792, all deceased had to be reported to the local probate authorities, whether they were to be probated or not. The reports of the deceased became a compiled record called the Dødsanmeldelsesprotokoller.
Dødsfald
death
Efterlade/Efterladte/Efterlevende
Ejendele/ Ejer (at ejer)/Ejendom
Possessions/owns (to own)/Property
Eksekutorskifte

En Enke/Enkemand
Widow/widower
Forseglingsprotokoller

Gift
Married
Halvdelen
A half
Herred
District
Hvidebøger
“White Books”
Indtægt

Jordseddel
A Jordseddel or a Muldseddel were certificates or confirmations from the Probate authorities to the deceased’s priest, that they had received notification and registered the death. The priest was not allowed to bury the dead until the probate authorities had received such notification.
Kammerjunker

Kommissarieskifte

Kongen
The King
Kurator

Lavværge (can also be spelled Lauværge)
A widow’s guardian who would be present with her during her deceased husband’s probate. Widows had the privilege to choose their own Guardian, which normally was one of her brothers.
Lodseddel/boslod

Mark
Former Danish monetary unit. Worth less than a Rigsdaller but more than a skilling
Mindreaarige
Under age
Muldseddel
See Jordseddel
Myndige/ Myndigheds alderen
”of age.” When children were considered adults. The age varied throughout Denmark but on average 15-18 years (considered mindreårige 18-25 years) for men. Women were never recognized as “of age” until 1857, and always had a guardian appointed to them. After 1857, the “of age” age for single women was the same as men. In 1922, everyone was considered “of age” when they turned 21 years old, and today the age is 18.
Myndigesluttet

m.f.P.
Abbreviation meaning “med ført Pen,” or “with guided pen.” This abbreviation usually appears under the signatures of those witnessing the probate, who either could not write or just needed help with writing.
m.p.P.
Abbreviation meaning “med påholden Pen,” or “with guided pen”. See “m.f.P.”
Overformynderiet
Guardianship records
En pige
A girl
Rd(l), Rigsdaller
Former Danish monetary unit. Worth more than a mark or a skilling
Registeringsprotokoller

Samfrænder/smafrændeskifte

Skiftet/Skifter
Probate/Probates
Skiftebrande

Skiftebrevet
Probate letter
Skiftedesignationer

Skifteforvalteren

Skilling
Former Danish monetary unit. Worth less than a Rigsdaller or a skilling
En Søsterlod

Tømmermand
Carpenter
Udarvinger

Udarvs skifter

Udgivt

Umyndige
A minor (children under 18; see Myndige/Myndigheds alder)
Vidner
Witnesses
Vitterlighedsvidner

Vurderingsmænd

Værge
Guardian. All minors (umyndige) were appointed a guardian, after a parents death, to represent them throughout the probate process. The Guardian appointed was typically the father’s eldest brother (if the father had died), or the father himself (if the mother had died). By law, the guardian must be from the father’s side unless there were no living male relatives of the father, in which case the guardian would be from the mother’s male relatives.






















































References

Skaaning, Jytte and Bente Klercke Rasmussen. Find Din Slægt - og Gør den Levende: Håndbog i Slægtshistorie, 2d ed. Syddansk Universitetsforlag, 2006.


Skifterprotokoller i Øster Han Herred 1854-1877, "Skifteprotokollen for Anders Christensen," 15 Juni 1855, FHL INTL Film 49104. Accessed 6 April 2011.


 

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  • This page was last modified on 10 October 2012, at 22:00.
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