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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of Minnesota Gotoarrow.png Grand Portage Indian Reservation (Minnesota)

The Grand Portage Reservation is a federally-recognized reservation in Minnesota.

Established -- 30 September 1854
Agency (BIA) -- Chippewa Agency 1851
Principal tribes -- Grand Portage Band of Chippewa of Lake Superior
Population -- 2010 is 382 (394 when including mixed bloods) - Does not include non Indians



The Grand Portage Reservation was established by Treaty of Sept. 30, 1854 (X,1109) and an act of Jan. 14, 1889 (XXV, 642). Fond Du Lac Reservation was also established on September 30, 1854 through the same treaty. In the 1860s, the United States conspired to force many of the Fond Du Lac Chippewa's to relocate to the Little Shell Pembina White Earth Reservation. This forced relocation really didn't commence until the 1880s and 1890s.

Even today, the Fond Du Lac Chippewa Reservation of Minnesota, owns land in Wisconsin. It probably means those Fond Du Lac Chippewa's who were relocated to the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation of northern Minnesota, lived in Wisconsin. In 1901, the Removal Fond Du Lac Chippewa's numbered 100 at the Little Shell Pembina Chippewa White Earth Reservation.

Both Grand Portage and Fond Du Lac Reservations, are probably a part of the 11 million acre (17,187 sq. mi. or 44,515 sq. km.) Little Shell Pembina Chippewa Reservation of northern Minnesota. Chiefs Little Shell III and Red Thunder, refused to cede the 11 million acres in 1892. What happended in 1889 was fraudulent.

In 1901, the Indian population of Grand Portage Reservation was 323. In 1930, the Indian population of Grand Portage Reservation was 377. According to the 2010 census, the Indian population of Grand Portage Reservation is 382 (394 when including mixed bloods). Something is forcing the Chippewa's of Grand Portage Reservation, to leave their Reservation. Their Reservation has experienced almost no population gain in 110 years.[1].


There is only one community within Grand Portage Reservation. Reservation leaders must expand Indian settlements at Grand Portage. They must issue a name for each of the communities and manage to financially support each one so they can accept jurisdiction over their communities borders or city limits. Future housing units must be built in a circle or C shaped street design. It will help to use as little land as possible for community growth. Place hydroponic farms (greenhouse farming) within each community so employment is availble and safe food (even tropical food) is grown. Form fishing and hunting society's which follow Federal and State laws, which will function as new employment opportunities.


Land Records: Allotted Land: 24,191 acres. [2]


  1. "Minnesota Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge Available online.
  2. Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906.


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  • Prucha, Francis Paul. Atlas of American Indian Affairs. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1991 WorldCat 257331735; FHL book 970.1 P95aa
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  • Prucha, Francis Paul. Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, c1964. WorldCat 522839; FHL book 973 M2pf.
  • Schmeckebier, Laurance F. The Office of Indian Affairs: Its History, Activities, and Organization. Service Monographs of the United States Government; no. 48. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972.  WorldCat 257893; FHL book 973 B4b v. 48.
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published
  • Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde. American Indian Reservations and Trust Areas. [Washington, DC]: Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1996. WorldCat 35209517; FHL book 970.1 T463a.
  • United States Department of Commerce, Frederick B. Dent, Secretary. Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas. 1974. FHL book 970.1 Un3fe/1974.
  • United States Department of the Interior. Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations. Washington: [United States] Government Printing Office, 1912 (v. 1), 1922 (v. 2). Vol. 1 – May 14, 1855 to July 1, 1912. Vol. 2 – July 1, 1912 to July 1, 1922. FHL film 1440543 Items 8-9.
  • United States Federal and State Indian Reservations, Map. Available online.
  • Waldman, Carl. Atlas of the North American Indian. New York: Facts on File, 2009. 3rd ed. WorldCat 244771132; FHL book 970.1 W146a 2009.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.


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  • This page was last modified on 16 June 2014, at 22:50.
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