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The Great Indian Warpath (purple on the map), or Seneca Trail, was actually a network of ancient Indian pathways with many branches. Some parts of the trail also shifted west over time to adjust to pressure from British colonies.[1] The path goes from Mobile, Alabama to Chattanooga, Tennessee to Knoxville, Tennessee to Bristol, Virginia to Roanoke, Virginia along the Appalachian Valley.[2] The trail also continued north to West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New York and the Great Lakes under the name of the Seneca Trail. Parts of the Great Indian Warpath were used as parts of other trails such as the Great Valley Road, Kanawha Trail, Wilderness Road, Catawba Trail, Unicoi Trail, and Georgia Road.[3]

Settlers and Records

The earliest travelers used the trail more for trade or war than for moving settlers. There is no known list of settlers who travelled the whole Great Indian Warpath. However, many pioneers used sections of the trail, for example from Chattanooga, Tennessee to Huntsville, Alabama (a spur of the Georgia Road). For records of settlers who used parts of the Great Indian Warpath, see the name of the smaller trail that traversed part of the longer Warpath.

Internet Sites

Wikipedia has more about this subject: Great Indian Warpath


  1. "Great Indian Warpath" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at (accessed 17 December 2010).
  2. East Tennessee Historical Society, First families of Tennessee: a register of early settlers and their present-day descendant (Knoxville, Tenn.: East Tennessee Historical Society, c2000) [[*%22 FHL 976.8 H2ff], 23-24.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 849, 855. [FHL 973 D27e 2002]. WorldCat entry.

[[Category:Migration_Route] [[Category:US_Migration_Trails_and_Road] [[Category:Alabam] [[Category:Tennesse] [[Category:Virgini] [[Category:West_Virgini] [[Category:Pennsylvani]


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  • This page was last modified on 7 October 2015, at 03:43.
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