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Guide to Hancock County, Georgia ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Hancock County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Hancock County
Location in the state of Georgia
Founded December 17, 1793
County Seat Sparta
Address Hancock County Courthouse
Courthouse Square
Sparta, GA 31087
Phone: 706.444.6644
Hancock County Website


County Courthouse

Hancock County Courthouse
Courthouse Square
Sparta, GA 31087
Phone: 706.444.6644

Probate Court has birth and death records from 1927, marriage records from 1805 and probate records. Clerk Superior Court has divorce and court records from 1919 and land records from 1794.[1]

Note: The Hancock County Courthouse burned on August 11, 2014. The county offices have been temporarily relocated to the Oconee Fall Line College, 10571 Highway 15, Sparta, GA. [2] Records listed below may or may not be available, depending on which older records have been microfilmed in the past and which more recent records were stored in the vault when the courthouse burned.

Beginning Dates for Hancock County, Georgia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate



Parent County

1793--Hancock County was created 17 December 1793 from Greene and Washington Counties.
County seat: Sparta [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

No reported loss or damage.[4] (through 2013).

2014 -- The Hancock County Courthouse, built in 1883, burned on August 11, 2014. Property deeds, birth and marriage certificates and many other vital records dating back to 1795 were destroyed.[5] Many earlier records may be available on microfilm.[6]


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Baldwin County  • Glascock County  • Greene County  • Putnam County  • Taliaferro County  • Warren County  • Washington County

Hancock CountyBaldwin CountyJones CountyPutnam CountyJasper CountyWalton CountyMorgan CountyOconee CountyGreene CountyOglethorpe CountyTaliaferro CountyWilkes CountyLincoln CountyMcDuffie CountyWarren CountyGlascock CountyJefferson CountyWashington CountyWilkinson CountyTwiggs CountyBibb CountyGAHancock.JPG

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records



Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.



  • [Jackson] Brandenberger, Evelyn Duke. "The Jacksons of Lower Virginia," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 30, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1986):163-169; Vol. 30, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1986):288-295; Vol. 31, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1987):11-18; Vol. 31, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1987):101-111; Vol. 31, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1987):195-204; Vol. 31, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1987):269-278; Vol. 32, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1988):49-57; Vol. 32, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1988):119-130; Vol. 32, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1988):185-192; Vol. 32, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1988):259-263; Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1989):34-44; Vol. 33, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1989):135-143; Vol. 33, No. 3 (Jul.-Sep. 1989):204-207; Vol. 33, No. 4 (Oct.-Dec. 1989):295-304. Digital version at American Ancestors ($). FHL Book 975.5 B2vg v. 30 (1986)-v. 33 (1989).

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Hancock County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.




Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Hancock County, Georgia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Hancock County, Georgia Genealogy:

- 6th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 15th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Companies E and K
- 49th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company I
- 59th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company I
- Georgia USGenWeb Archives Project (other war information is given also)

  • Smith, Elizabeth Wiley, and Sara Smith Carnes. 1974. The history of Hancock County, Georgia. Washington, Ga: Wilkes Pub. Co. (page 132-142)  975.8623 H2se
  • Shivers, Forrest. 1990. The land between: a history of Hancock County, Georgia to 1940. Spartanburg, S.C.: Reprint Co.  (page 153-169)  975.8623 H2s
  • Georgia. 1961. Confederate soldiers book, 1893; soldiers and widows pension rolls, 1890 -1943. [S.l.]: Mann Film Laboratories. film 229848, 229849



Newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Hancock County, Georgia Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate Records

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

  • Wills 1804-1814 (abstracts) Georgia Pioneers
  • Wills, Inventories, Annual Returns, Guardianships, Sales, Book G, 1811-1815 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers
  • Wills, Inventories, Annual Returns, Guardianships, Sales, Book H, 1811-1815 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers
  • Wills, Inventories, Annual Returns, Guardianships, Sales, Book I, 1815-1818 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers
  • Wills, Inventories, Annual Returns, Guardianships, Sales, Book J, 1818-1824 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers
  • Wills, Book L, 1820-1828 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers
  • Wills, Book M, 1823-1828 (digital images) Georgia Pioneers
  • Index to Wills 1862-1881 Georgia Pioneers


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online..

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia. See also How to order Georgia Vital Records

  • 1863 - Hancock County Birth Index 1863. Batch C713011 at FamilySearch - free.[7]
Marriage Records

1828 - 1978 Georgia Marriage Records from Select Counties 1828-1978 at Ancestry.com — index and images $ 1699 - 1944 Georgia Marriages 1699-1944 at Ancestry.com— index $

  • 1806-1879 - Hancock County Marriage Books 1 thru 3 Index 1806-1879. Batch M713011 at FamilySearch - free.[7]
  • 1869-1876 - Hancock County Marriage Books 4 thru 6 Index 1869-1876. Batch M713012 at FamilySearch - free.[7]
  • 1876-1880 - Hancock County Marriage Books 7 and 8 Index 1876-1880. Batch M713013 at FamilySearch - free.[7]
  • 1880-1882 - Hancock County Marriage Books 9 and 10 Index 1880-1882. Batch M713014 at FamilySearch - free.[7]
  • 1882-1886 - Hancock County Marriage Book 11 Index 1882-1886. Batch M713015 at FamilySearch - free.[7]
  • 1886-1891 - Hancock County Marriage Book 12 Index 1886-1891. Batch M713016 at FamilySearch - free.[7]
  • 1891-1900 - Hancock County Marriage Book 13 Index 1891-1900. Batch M713017 at FamilySearch - free.[7]
  • 1808-1901 - Hancock County Marriage Books online at the Digital Archives of Georgia.
Death Records

1919 - 1998 Georgia Deaths 1919-1998 at Ancestry.com — index $

  • 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 - Hancock County, Georgia Genealogy Mortality Schedules at Ancestry ($).
Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Centers for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Hancock County, Georgia. Page 156 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Cause Undetermined for Fire that Destroyed Hancock County Courthouse http://www.macon.com/2014/08/11/3243614_fire-destroys-hancock-county-courthouse.html?rh=1
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 36-37. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  5. Fire Destroys Hancock County Courthouse http://www.13wmaz.com/longform/news/local/hancock/2014/08/11/sparta-courthouse-fire/13884407/
  6. Hancock County Courthouse Burned by Dick Eastman http://blog.eogn.com/2014/08/12/hancock-county-georgia-courthouse-burned/
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/57/Igigeorgiael.pdf.


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  • This page was last modified on 15 April 2015, at 14:58.
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