Lower Canada Census, 1842 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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Title in the Language of the Record

Canada, recensement du Bas-Canada

Record Description

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Canada, Lower Canada Census, 1842.

This collection covers the 1842 census. Census returns are recorded on large sheets of paper that are divided into rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by locality. The records are mostly in English with some in French.

This census was created to record and enumerate the population in the British-controlled parts of Canada.

The Lower Canada census was created to enumerate the population. Although the first national Canadian census did not occur until 1871, many local and colonial censuses were taken before this date. The Lower Canada Census 1842 is an example of a census created before the confederation of Canada in 1867.

For a list of records by date or locality currently published in this collection, select the Browse link from the collection landing page.

Record Content

Census records usually contain the following information:

  • Name of the head of each family
  • Whether or not proprietor of real property
  • Whether or not entitled to vote
  • Profession, occupation or trade of head of family
  • Total number of persons living in each family
  • Total number, male and female, temporarily absent

How to Use the Record

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of head of household
  • Approximate year and place of residence
  • Number of family members

Search the Collection

To search the collection index:
Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches.

To search the collection images, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page. Then:
⇒ Select the appropriate "County/District"
⇒ Select the appropriate "Locality/Sub-district," which will take you to the images.

Whether you search by index or image, individually compare each record's information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if it relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

General Information About These Records

Canadian census records are the best source for quickly identifying a family group and their residence. Use the residence, birthplace, and age given in the census to search other record types. This census only records the name of the head of household, but that information can be used to identify family groups and verify information found in other sources.

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Don't overlook FHL Place Canada, Quebec items or FHL Keyword Canada, Quebec items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Canada Archives and Libraries.

Known Issues with This Collection

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See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

How You Can Contribute

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.


Citations for This Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection Citation

"Canada, Lower Canada Census, 1842" Database with Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2015. Citing Library and Archives. Public Archives, Ottawa, Ontario.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for Canada, Lower Canada Census, 1842.

Image Citation

The citation for an image is available on each image in this collection by clicking Show Citation at the bottom left of the image screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Canada, Lower Canada Census, 1842.


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  • This page was last modified on 6 August 2015, at 18:45.
  • This page has been accessed 8,447 times.