Manitoba Census Indexes, 1831-1870 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at
Access the records: Manitoba Census Indexes, 1831-1870 .


Title in the Language of the Record

Manitoba Index du recensement

Record Description

This collection includes records from the years 1831-1870.

The records include card indexes to census records from the years 1831-1856 taken by the Hudson’s Bay Company, and the 1870 provincial census of Manitoba.

The censuses for 1827-1856 were taken by the Hudson Bay Company. The 1870 provincial census was taken under the direction of Canada's Department of Agriculture.

The first census of Manitoba with names of each member of the household was taken in 1870. There is a surname index to this census. Census returns for Manitoba with names of each member of the household were also taken in 1881, 1891, 1901, and 1911.

The pre-1870 census returns of Manitoba (Red River Settlement) list the heads of households and some other information such as, age, religion, country of birth, married or widowed, number of sons and daughters, and agricultural data (for example, the number of livestock, the number of buildings, and the number of acres under cultivation). Almost all of these censuses were taken by the Hudson’s Bay Company.

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Manitoba Census Indexes, 1831-1870.
The above link also has the dates and alphabetical lists of the records currently published in this collection.

Record Content

The census records in this collection may contain the following information:

  • Place and date of birth
  • Name of spouse
  • Relationship to the head of household
  • Age at the time of census
  • Household number and page number
  • Citizenship

How to Use the Record

This section provides information on how to search the collection, what to do with information once found, and what to do if no record is found.

When searching:
As you are searching, it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor's given name and surname, some identifying information such as the approximate year, and place of residence.

Search the Collection

To browse by image:
To search the collection, you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the "Index Year" category
⇒Select the “Surname Range" category which takes you to the images

Search the collection by image, comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

Using the Information

Carefully examine all the information on the index card; this will give you more information to add to your family records.

For example:

  • You can use the age to calculate an approximate birth date.
  • Find out where your ancestor was born, which will help you in locating the vital record for that individual.

For Help Reading These Records

These records are in French. For help with reading the records, see the following wiki article:

French Wordlist

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Try searching through the birth registers. This will aid you in finding the birthplace, name of the ancestor recorded, and the residence of the ancestor as well.
  • If you can't find your ancestors in this collection, try searching through the Canadian Census collections.
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Don't overlook FHL Place Canada, Manitoba items or FHL Keyword Manitoba items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Manitoba Archives and Libraries.

Related Websites

Related Wiki Articles

Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citations for This Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection Citation

"Manitoba, Census Indexes, 1831-1870." Images. FamilySearch. : accessed 2014. Citing Provincial Archives of Manitoba, Winnipeg.

Image Citation

The citation for an image is available on each image in this collection by clicking Show Citation at the bottom left of the image screen. You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Manitoba Census Indexes, 1831-1870.


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  • This page was last modified on 26 February 2015, at 18:14.
  • This page has been accessed 3,720 times.