New Brunswick Census, 1861 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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Record Description

This census was taken in 1861 for the census year 1860

Census schedules were taken on large sheets of paper with preprinted rows and columns. They are bound into volumes, arranged by county, then by district.

This collection contains the 1861 census for the province of New Brunswick. At this time New Brunswick was considered a separate colony from the rest of the old Province of Canada. This census was created separately and differs from the form used in the other areas of the Province of Canada. Census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day.

The recording of names for the 1861 New Brunswick census was by census district. For the most part, census districts were identical with cities and counties, and sub districts were identical with towns, townships, and city wards. Villages, small towns, and parishes were generally enumerated as part of the township in which they were located. Census district and county boundaries were not always the same and there were many variations from location to location.

Canadian census records were taken to enumerate the population for representation, taxation, and other purposes.

Record Content

Records usually contain the following information:

  • Full name of family members
  • Gender
  • Relationships of all individuals in household to head of household
  • Age
  • Place of birth
  • Residence
  • Occupation
  • Religion

How to Use the Records

To begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:

  • Name of ancestor
  • Approximate year and place of residence

Search the Collection

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

For more tips about searching online collections, see FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

Using the Information

Use the age to calculate the year of birth. When calculated, you can search within the New Brunswick, Provincial Returns of Births and Late Registrations (FamilySearch Historical Records), or the New Brunswick Births and Baptisms (FamilySearch Historical Records). You can also use the year of birth, to help you find the names of the parents in the birth record.

Unable to Find Your Ancestor?

  • Check for spelling errors in your search.
  • Search for the name of the spouse (if your ancestor was married) instead of your ancestor's name.

General Information About These Records

This census records the birthplace or ethnic origin for each person, along with his or her age, and other personal information. Since the census attempted to record all the people living in a household, it may identify individuals for whom other records simply do not exist.

The accuracy of the census depended on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the enumerator. Realize that the information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or even by a neighbor.

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Don't overlook FHL Place Canada, New Brunswick items or FHL Keyword New Brunswick items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see New Brunswick Archives and Libraries.

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Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citations for This Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection Citation

"New Brunswick Census, 1861." Index. FamilySearch. : accessed 2013. Citing Board of Registration and Statistics. Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

Record Citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for New Brunswick Census, 1861.


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  • This page was last modified on 26 February 2015, at 21:36.
  • This page has been accessed 10,658 times.