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This guide is designed to help English speakers identify and translate numbers and dates that may appear in Spanish language records.  Spanish-language genelogical records often write dates, including years, using all words and not using (Arabic) numbers. Use this guide to help spot the date in a manuscript document.

Contents

Numbers 

The following list gives the cardinal (1, 2, 3, etc.) and the ordinal (1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc.) versions of each number. In actual usage, days of the month are almost never written in ordinal form. Ordinal numbers end in o or a depending on the gender of the thing described. Ordinal numbers above 31 are rarely seen in genealogical sources.  

 
Numbers such as 16, 22, and 31 are compound numbers joined by the word  y [and]. In modern Spanish, these numbers can also be written as a single word, for example:
 
16    diez y seis      or     dieciseis
22    veinte y dos    or    veintidos
31    treinta y uno   or    treintiuno


 Cardinal   Spanish                                  Ordinal   Spanish
  1        un, uno, una                                 1st       primero (a)
  2        dos                                               2nd       segundo
  3        tres                                               3rd       tercero
  4        cuatro                                           4th       cuarto
  5        cinco                                             5th       quinto
  6        seis                                               6th       sexto
  7        siete                                             7th       séptimo
  8        ocho                                             8th       octavo
  9        nueve                                           9th       nono, noveno
 10       diez                                            10th       décimo  


 11       once                                           11th       undécimo, décimoprimero
 12       doce                                           12th       duodécimo, décimosegundo
 13       trece                                           13th       décimotercero
 14       catorce                                       14th       décimocuarto
 15       quince                                        15th       décimoquinto
 16       diez y seis, dieciseis                  16th       décimosexto
 17       diez y siete, diecisiete                17th       décimo séptimo
 18       diez y ocho, dieciocho                18th       décimoctavo
 19       diez y nueve, diecinueve            19th       décimonono  


 20       veinte                                          20th       vigésimo
 21       veinte y uno, veintiuno                21st       vigésimo primero
 22       veinte y dos, veintidos                22nd       vigésimo segundo
 23       veinte y tres, veintitres                23rd       vigésimo tercero
 24       veinte y cuatro, veinticuatro        24th       vigésimo cuarto
 25       veinte y cinco, veinticinco            25th       vigésimo quinto
 26       veinte y seis, veintiseis                26th       vigésimo sexto
 27       veinte y siete, veintisiete              27th       vigésimo séptimo
 28       veinte y ocho, veintiocho              28th       vigésimo octavo
 29       veinte y nueve, veintinueve          29th       vigésimo nono  


 30       treinta                                            30th       trigésimo
 31       treinta y uno                                   31st       trigésimo primero
 40       cuarenta                                         40th       cuadragésimo
 50       cincuenta                                        50th       quincuagésimo
 60       sesenta                                           60th       sexagésimo
 70       setenta                                           70th       septuagésimo
 80       ochenta                                          80th       octogésimo
 90       noventa                                          90th       nonagésimo  


 100       ciento                                          100th       centesimo
 200       doscientos                                   200th       ducentésimo
 300       trescientos                                   300th       tricentésimo
1000       mil                                             1000th       milésimo

Dates and Time 

In Spanish language records, dates are usually written out using words. Further, although English traditionally uses ordinal numbers, such as the tenth of July or July 10th, in Spanish the cardinal numbers are almost always used for the days of the month; for example, el diez de julio (the ten of July). The one exception is the first of the month, for which the ordinal number primero (1ero) is almost always used instead of the cardinal number uno, for example:
A los veinte y tres días de marzo del año de nuestro Señor de mil ochocientos y treinta y seis. [On the twenty-three day of the month of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred thirty six.] To understand Spanish dates, use the following lists as well as the preceding "Numbers" section.

Example year:     ...el año de nuestro Señor de mil ochocientos y treinta y seis   =   1836 AD

Months 

English             Spanish            Abbreviations

  • January                 enero                      ene 
  • February                febrero                 feb
  • March                   marzo                     mar 
  • April                      abril                       abr 
  • May                      mayo                   may
  • June                      junio                    jun
  • July                       julio                     jul
  • August                  agosto                 ago 
  • September            septiembre           sep      
  • October                octubre                oct
  • November             noviembre             nov
  • December             diciembre             dic

 
Days of the Week 

English                  Spanish 

  •   Sunday                   domingo 
  •   Monday                   lunes 
  •   Tuesday                  martes 
  •   Wednesday             miércoles      
  •   Thursday                 jueves   
  •   Friday                      viernes 
  •   Saturday                  sábado


Numbers for Days 

  1. un, uno, una, primero (a)
  2. dos, segundo
  3. tres
  4. cuatro
  5. cinco
  6. seis
  7. siete
  8. ocho
  9. nueve
  10. diez
  11. once
  12. doce
  13. trece
  14. catorce
  15. quince
  16. diez y seis, dieciseis
  17. diez y siete, diecisiete
  18. diez y ocho, dieciocho
  19. diez y nueve, diecinueve
  20. veinte
  21. veinte y uno, veintiuno
  22. veinte y dos, veintidos
  23. veinte y tres, veintitres
  24. veinte y cuatro, veinticuatro
  25. veinte y cinco, veinticinco
  26. veinte y seis, veintiseis
  27. veinte y siete, veintisiete
  28. veinte y ocho, veintiocho
  29. veinte y nueve, veintinueve
  30. treinta
  31. treinta y uno

  
Also Helpful to Know 

-  Note that in Spanish, the names of months and days of the week do not start with capital letters like they do in English. 

- Spanish language dates usually begin with the definite aritcle  el.   

...el año de nuestro Señor de...  =   the year of our Lord...  =  AD    from Latin Anno Domini .


 

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  • This page was last modified on 21 November 2013, at 22:12.
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