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Guide to Stanway, Essex ancestry, family history, and genealogy. Parish registers, transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

Stanway, Essex
St Allbrights Stanway Essex.jpg
St Allbrights Stanway Essex
Type Ancient Parish
Civil Jurisdictions
Hundred Lexden (Colchester)
County Essex
Poor Law Union Lexden and Winstree PLU
Registration District Lexden
Records begin
Parish registers: 1704
Bishop's Transcripts: 1639; 1800
Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions
Rural Deanery Coggeshall
Diocese Pre-1846 - London; Post-1845 - Rochester
Province Canterbury
Legal Jurisdictions
Probate Court Court of the Archdeaconry of Colchester
Location of Archive
Essex Record Office


Parish History

STANWAY (All Saints), is a parish, in the union of Lexden and Winstree, the Colchester division of the hundred of Lexden, and N. division of Essex, it is 4 miles (W. by S.) from Colchester. Stanway was formerly divided into the two parishes of Magna and Parva.[1]


Civil Registration

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. There are several Internet sites with name lists or indexes. A popular site is FreeBMD.

Church records

Stanway, Essex Genealogy parish registers of christenings, marriages and burials are available online for the following years:

ESSEX = EssexAncestors - (£)[2]
FSPRs = England, Essex Parish Registers, 1503-1997 (FamilySearch) - free[3]
Stanway, Essex Genealogy Online Parish Records


Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images
ESSEX 1704-1974 1704-1957 1704-1956; 1982-1996 (cremations)
FSPRs Undefined Undefined Undefined

Stanway All Saints, Essex parish registers of christenings, marriages and burials are available online for the following years:

Stanway All Saints, Essex Parish Online Records


Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images
ESSEX 1845-1954 1845-1958 1845-1937

Census records

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library. The first film number is 241372.

Poor Law Unions

Lexden and Winstree Poor Law Union, Essex

The two churches of All Saints' and St. Albright's appear to have had their own officers in the earlier 16th century. In the 17th century and later there were usually two churchwardens, although only one attended visitations in 1684 and 1707. There are no records of vestry government.
A newly-built cottage on the heath was conveyed to trustees as pauper housing in 1703.

There was a workhouse, perhaps in the former poorhouse, by 1769; in 1817 it was at Beacon End, probably in Millers Lane, called Work- house Lane in 1897. It was sold in 1837. (fn. 80)

Expenditure on poor relief between 1776 and 1815 was one of the highest per head of population in the hundred. Actual expenditure rose from c. £237 in 1776 to an average of c. £254 between 1783 and 1785. It reached a peak of c. £908 or £2 3s. per head of population in 1801, fell to c. £419 or c. £1 a head in 1804, then rose fairly steadily to c. £653 or c. £1 10s. a head in 1812. Between 1812 and 1813 expenditure almost doubled to £1,215 or £2 16s. a head, the largest proportional increase in the hundred. Expenditure fell again to c. £708 in 1814 or £1 12s. 10d. per head of population. From then until 1834 expenditure was usually between £600 and £700 a year, except in the years 1817 to 1819 when it was over £900 or nearly £2 a head, again among the highest payments in the hundred.

The wheel-shaped Lexden and Winstree Poor Law Union workhouse was built in 1836 and 1837 in London Road near the boundary with Lexden. The building was slightly altered in the 1930s, when it was Stanway public assistance institution. [4]

Probate records

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Essex Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

Maps and Gazetteers

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.


Essex Ancestors - offers images of genealogical records for the county of Essex ($)


  1. Samuel A. Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848). Adapted 4 June 2013
  2. Essex Ancestors: Unearth Your Roots, Seax - Essex Archives Online From the Essex Record Office, accessed 4 September 2014.
  3. 'England, Essex Parish Registers (FamilySearch Historical Records),' FamilySearch, accessed 2 September 2014.
  4. From: 'Stanway: Local government', A History of the County of Essex: Volume 10: Lexden Hundred (Part) including Dedham, Earls Colne and Wivenhoe (2001), pp. 270. British History Date accessed: 14 February 2011.


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  • This page was last modified on 3 February 2015, at 20:49.
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