United States Census, 1890 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: United States Census, 1890 and United States Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, 1890.
These collections consist of indexes and images of schedules enumerating Union veterans and widows of veterans of the Civil War for the states of Kentucky through Wyoming. Fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, and Texas. Some returns include U.S. Naval Vessels and Navy Yards. The schedules are from Record Group 15, Records of the Veterans Administration and is NARA publication M123.
Information found in this collection may include:
- State, county and enumeration district where census was taken
- Date census was taken
- Full name of head of household
- Names of all persons living in household
- Was head of household a participant in the Civil War
- Relationship of person to head of household
- Age at nearest birthday, if under 1 year, it is given in months
- Marital status (single, married, widowed or divorced)
- Married during the census year?
- Mother of how many children
- How many are still living
- Place of birth given for each member of household
- Birthplace of father of each person
- Birthplace of mother of each person
- Number of years having lived in the United States
- Naturalized citizen?
- Able to read, write and speak English
- Ever been a prisoner, convict, homeless or a pauper
The veterans' and widows' schedules include the following information:
- State, county and district where census was taken
- Date census was taken
- Full name of surviving soldier, sailor, marine, or widow
- Rank, company, regiment or vessel
- Date of enlistment
- Date of discharge
- Length of service in years, months, and days
How to Use the Record
To begin your search you will need to know
- The name of your ancestor
- Some other identifying information such as age and residence.
Search the Collection
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
For a browse collection: To search the collection image by image, select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the appropriate "State" category
⇒Select the appropriate "County" category
⇒Select the appropriate "City or Town" category which takes you to the images.
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
For tips about searching on-line collections, see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. For example:
- Use the estimated birth year to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
- Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
- Use the military service information to locate their military files in the State or National Archives.
Unable to Find Your Ancestor?
- Look for variant spellings of the surnames.
- Look for another index. Local genealogical and historical societies often have indexes to local records.
- Search the indexes and records of nearby localities.
General Information About These Records
The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790-present. This information pertains to censuses conducted in 1850, 1860, and 1870.
Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in each household on the census day, which was 1 June. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information he collected was supposed to be about the people who were in the house on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were sent to the Census Office in the Commerce Department in Washington D.C.
The U.S. federal census was taken at the beginning of every decade to apportion the number of representatives that a state could send to the House of Representatives in Congress. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.
Population schedules consisted of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules were arranged by place, such as township or post office. The places were not filed in any particular order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is normally in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.
Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care of the census enumerator. Information may have been given to a census taker by any member of the family or by a neighbor. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.
Known Issues with This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to email@example.com. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
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Contributions to This Article
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Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org. Source citations include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "United States, 1890 Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War." Index and Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing NARA microfilm publication M123. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
- This page was last modified on 4 December 2014, at 22:37.
- This page has been accessed 18,955 times.
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