United States Census Slave SchedulesEdit This Page
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Slave Schedules were used in two U.S. Federal Censuses: The 1850 U.S. Federal Census and the 1860 U.S. Federal Census. Slaves were usually not named, but enumerated separately and usually only numbered under the slave owner's name. The National Archives has microfilmed all of the original manuscripts for applicable states.
1850 and 1860 schedules
- City, town, or sub district of slave owner
- Name of slave owner
- NO NAMES OF SLAVES (occasionally names were listed)
- Number of slaves owned
- Age, sex, color
- Fugitive from state?
- Number of slaves manumitted (released from slavery)
- Deaf,dumb (mute), blind, insane, or idiotic?
1860 added one additional question:
- Number of slave houses
- Name -- Sometimes an enumerator chose to list the first names of individual slaves. Each countywide slave schedule must be searched to see if there are names of slaves or not.
- Number -- The number of slaves enumerated could help determine if the owner had a plantation or not, and size.
1850 Slave Schedules
1850 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.
Where to Find the Records
The 1850 Slave Schedules are available online.
- 1850 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules (Ancestry) ($)
- United States Census (Slave Schedule), 1850 (FamilySearch)
- A wiki article describing this collection is found at:
1860 Slave Schedules
1860 Slave schedules were used for Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah Territory, Virginia.
Where to Find the Records
The 1860 Slave Schedules are available online.
- 1860 U.S. Federal Census - Slave Schedules (Ancestry) ($)
- Dollarhide, William. The Census Book: A Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999.) FHL Book 973.X27d.
- Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Wright, Matthew. Finding Answers in U.S. Census Records. (Orem, Utah: 2001 Ancestry) FHL Book 973 X27s.
- This page was last modified on 18 January 2012, at 19:07.
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