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The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in June 2012. It is an excerpt from their course English: Taxes, Lists, Business, Electoral and Insurance Records by Dr. Penelope Christensen. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).
A licence was required by many of our ancestors in order to conduct their business or trade, and two kinds of records were usually kept:
- A register of licences issued with names, dates, any fees paid, any oaths or agreements signed, and perhaps occupations and addresses.
- Paper licences issued to the applicant. These are less likely to have survived.
Some of these licences are listed examples transcribed below.
|| 1552 -----|
|| Abolished 1949|
|| Abolished 1949|
| Badgers, Higglers and Hucksters
|| 17th Century|
|| c 1868 until at least 1875|
| Corn (wheat) dealers
| Dissenters Meeting Houses
|| 1688 -----|
|Game Duty||During the period 1784 to 1807 all persons qualified to kill or sell game had to register with the Clerk of the Peace, where they paid a fee for a certificate to do so. Deputed gamekeepers paid £1.5.0 and all others £3.13.6. Anyone killing game without a certificate was fined £20).|
|House agents||Abolished 1949|
|Licensed Victuallers|| 1752-1828, 1871----- A victualler is one who provides food or provisions, whilst a licensed victualler is one who possesses a license to provide alcoholic beverages. The publican would appear annually to renew his license and signed a recognizance to keep an orderly house and not allow whatever games were illegal at the time (see chart 45).|
|Licences to Pass Beyond the Seas||An early form of passport issued from late 16th century until 1677|
|Literary and Scientific Societies|| 1799 -----|
|Lying-In Hospitals|| 1773 -----|
|Midwives|| 1530s -----|
|Music and Dancing Establishments|| |
|Physicians and Surgeons||1530s -----|
|Plate dealers||Abolished 1949|
|Racecourses|| 1879 -----|
|Retail Liquor Excise Licenses||1957-1967|
|Schoolmasters|| 1530s -----|
|Slaughterhouses|| 1786 -----|
Chart: Register of Ale House Licences 1828 Harlow Hundred, Essex (Markwell and Saul)
|Latton||Thomas Tarling||Bull and Horse Shoes||James Smith|
|Matching||Elizabeth Foster||Fox||John Church|
|Metterwell|| Jonathan Palmer
| John Hutchin|
|Parndon, Great||Thomas Markwell||Three Horse Shoes||Isaac Collins|
|Roydon Town|| William Rodwell
| White Hart
| Thomas Pavely|
|Sheering|| James Bright
|Crown Cock|| Thomas Chapman|
|Thornwood Hamlet||Philip Law||Blacksmiths Arms||Makepeace Freshwater|
Chart: Licensed Badgers and Hucksters from Michaelma Quater Sessions 1759 Canterbury, Kent
| The like Licence to John SCOT of Milsted Labourer|
The like Licence to Peter BANN of Linsted Labourer
The like Licence to James BEDWELL of Borden Labourer
The like Licence to Elizabeth DAWSON of Bapchild Widow
Chart: Registration of a Barge 1795 Cheshire (Markwell and Saul)
| I, Wm Worthington of Northwich in the County of Chester, being the owner of the flats here undermentioned do hereby require the Clerk of the Peace of the County of Chester, or his deputy, to register the same and to grant certificates thereof, pursuant to an Act of Parliament passed in the 35th year of the reign of his present Majesty King George the Third intituled An Act for requiring all Boats, Barges and other Vessels, of certain descriptions used on navigable rivers, and on Inland Navigations in Great Britain to be registered.|
|Name and Sort of Vessel||Burthen by Admeasurement||Master’s Name||Number of men employed||Capacities|
|The Ann Flat||51 ¾ tons||James Vernon, Northwich||One||Master assistant|
|The Willy Flat||56 ¾ tons||Jno Vernon of Northwich||One||Master assistant|
And I do declare that the line and extent of the Navigation which the said Flats have been usually navigated upon is from Northwich to Liverpool extending Thirty Miles, from Liverpool to Ravenhead extending Thirty two Miles, and from Ravenhead to Northwich extending Thirty Miles, or Thereabouts.
Dated this 31st Day of August 1795.
For Wm Worthington
Chart: Licensed Victualler’s Recognizance 1821 FHL film 0088184
Early records, such as the licences required by midwives, schoolmasters, physicians and surgeons after the Reformation, may be found in diocesan archives. Others were issued by local authorities such as boroughs or county quarter sessions and will be found with their records. A few were nationally administered, such as the licences to pass beyond the seas and surviving records will be at TNA. Many are filmed, particularly in collections of local material, so a detailed search of the FHLC for contents of each film for your area at parish and county levels will be fruitful.
Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course English: Taxes, Lists, Business, Electoral and Insurance Records offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. We can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org
We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page.
- This page was last modified on 9 September 2014, at 00:06.
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