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United States  Gotoarrow.png  Alabama  Gotoarrow.png  Washington County

Guide to Washington County, Alabama ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Dates for major county records[1]
For earlier dates, try...Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries | Parent County


Washington County, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded June 4, 1800
County Seat Chatom


County Courthouse

Washington County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Washington County Courthouse
1 Court Street
Chatom, AL 36518
Phone: (334) 847-2239

Probate Judge has marriage records from 1826
Land records from 1799
Military Discharge records from 1919
Birth & Death Records from 1920
and probate Records from 1825 [2]


Parent County

1800--Washington County was created 4 June 1800 from Baldwin County and the Mississippi Territory.
County seat: Chatom [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Alabama county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Alabama County Boundary Maps" (1799-1980) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Alabama counties see: Alabama Counties with Burned Courthouses



Populated Places

Neighboring Counties




Historical populations
Census Pop.
For tips on accessing Washington County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Washington County, Alabama Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.



Civil War

Civil War service men from Washington County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Washington County.

- 11th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E
- 24th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E "Dickinson Guards"
- 24th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G
- 32nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A, F and G
- 38th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C


Finding More Alabama Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Alabama Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Alabama Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites.

Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Washington County, Alabama Genealogy Probate Court. Most records are housed at the Washington County, Alabama Genealogy Courthouse. Many records are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

See the wiki page Alabama Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, dower records, personal property sales, settlement records, orphans’ records, and bonds.


Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1816 - Inhabitants of Alabama in 1816. Broken Arrow Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, 1955. Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free. Includes Washington County.
  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Washington County is in District 1.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama. See also How to order Alabama Vital Records

Birth Records
Marriage Records
  • To 1825 Index to Marriages at Ancestry – ($); Index. contains over 12,000 names. Each entry includes groom, bride, marriage date, county, and state. Every name is indexed so you can search for one name, or two names that are linked.
  • 1802-1804, 1825-1873, 1889-1896, 1931, 1936–1969 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800–1969 at Ancestry – ($); Index. This collection is comprised of indexes created by several agencies - the Alabama Center for Health Statistics, Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research, and Hunting For Bears.
  • 1826-1873; 1889-1896 "Alabama Marriages, 1809–1920" at Ancestry – ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage records from the state. Researchers will find the names of both bride and groom along with the marriage date. The county where the ceremony was performed is also provided. Containing about 150,000 records and the names of nearly 300,000 men and women.
  • 1826-1889 - Washington County Marriage Books A thru D Index 1826-1889. Batch M593521 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1889-1895 - Washington County Marriage Books 4 thru 6 Index 1889-1895. Batch M593522 at FamilySearch - free.[4]

Death Records
  • 1881–1974 Index to Deaths and Burials at Ancestry – ($); Index. Volunteers extracted the details in this index from microfilmed copies of church, civil, family, and other records of Alabama deaths and burials. details vary depending on the original record. Note that the number of available records can vary widely by county, and this database does not necessarily represent a comprehensive set of death records for the state during this time.
  • 1920-1940 - Washington County Death Index 1920-1940. Batches B593523 and B593524 at FamilySearch - free.[4]

Voting Registers

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History.  Washington County has one book.

Societies and Libraries


Washington County Alabama Historical and Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 421
Chatom, Alabama 36518

The society provides local history materials and research.

Publication: Washington County Ancestry contact: Barbara Waddell (basearch@millry.net)


Washington County Public Library
14102 St. Stephens Ave.
Chatom, Alabama 36518
Telephone: 251-847-2097

Chatom Public Library

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Centers for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Family History Center Locator

Web Sites


  1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 13-28. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Washington County p. 40. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/4/4d/Igialabamatz.pdf.


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  • This page was last modified on 4 September 2015, at 19:06.
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