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Guide to Washington County, Georgia ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Washington County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Washington County
Location in the state of Georgia
Founded February 25, 1784
County Seat Sandersville
Address Washington County Courthouse]
PO Box 271
Sandersville, GA 31082-0271
Phone: 912.552.2325 
Washington County Website


County Courthouse

Washington County Courthouse
PO Box 271
Sandersville, GA 31082-0271
Phone: (912) 552-2325 

Probate Court has birth, marriage and probate records; Clerk Superior Court has divorce, court and land records from 1865[1]

Washington County Superior Court
P. O. Box 231
132 W. Haynes Street
Sandersville, GA 31082
Main Office Number: (478) 552-3186
Fax Number: (478) 553-9969

Washington County Probate Court
132 W Haynes St # 106,
Sandersville, GA 31082
Phone: (478) 552-3304

Beginning Dates for Washington County, Georgia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate




Parent County

1784--Washington County was created 25 February 1784 from Creek Indian Lands. County seat: Sandersville [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

1855 and 1864. The town and courthouse at Sandersville burned 24 March 1855. The courthouse records were moved ahead of the fire, but that building was also destroyed. County courthouse records were a total loss.[3]

During the American Civil War on 27 November 1864 General Sherman ordered his Union troops to raze the courthouse because Confederates had used its portico to fire on the federals. Superior Court records were destroyed in that fire.[3]

However, the probate records were saved from the Civil War fire.[3]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Baldwin  • Glascock  • Hancock  • Jefferson  • Johnson  • Warren  • Wilkinson

Washington CountyJohnson CountyEmanuel CountyBurke CountyJefferson CountyRichmond CountyColumbia CountyMcDuffie CountyWarren CountyGlascock CountyHancock CountyGreene CountyPutnam CountyJones CountyBaldwin CountyWilkinson CountyTwiggs CountyBleckley CountyLaurens CountyGAWashington.JPG

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

  • De Lamar, Marie. Records of Washington County, Georgia. Baltimore, MD, USA: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2000. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

African Americans

Bible Records



Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.



Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Washington County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.

  • Mitchell, Ella. History of Washington County. Atlanta, Ga.: Byrd Print. Co., 1924. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Origins of Early Settlers to Washington County at Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • Washington Notes by Jeannette Holland Austin at Georgia Pioneers ($).




Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Washington County, Georgia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Washington County, Georgia Genealogy:

- 1st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Ramsey's) (Confederate), Company E
- 8th Regiment, Georgia Cavalry (Confederate) , Company F
- 12th Battalion, Georgia Light Artillery (Confederate), Reorganized Companies B and E, Possibly Company D
- 12th Battalion, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company B and F
- 32nd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company E
- 49th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company C and H
- 51st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate)
- 57th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company G
- 59th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate), Company B and D
- Georgia USGenWeb Archives Project



Newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Washington County, Georgia Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

  • 1829-1876 - Washington County Letters of Administration, Testamentary, Guardianship, Book A, partial transcription (1829-1876) at Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • 1829-1876 - Washington County Divisions of Estates, Letters of Administration, Guardianship, Book A (1829-1876) at Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • 1829-1876 - Index to Washington County Letters of Guardianship and Apprenticeships, Vol. A (1829-1876) at Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • 1843-1890 - Index to Washington County Annual Returns, Book B (1843-1852), Book C (1851-1855), Book E (1856-1858), Book F (1858-1866), Book G (1866-1878), Book H (1878-1890) at Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • 1846-1862 - Index to Washington County Inventories, Vol. A, 1846-1862 at Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • Washington County Estates (Misc.) at Georgia Pioneers ($).


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online..

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia. See also How to order Georgia Vital Records

Marriage Records
  • 1828-1860 - Washington County Marriage Books A and B Index 1828-1860. Batch M713921 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1828-1851 - Washington County Marriages 1828-1851 at Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • 1828-1885 - Washington County Marriages from Newspapers 1828-1885 at Georgia Pioneers ($).
  • 1860-1879 - Washington County Marriage Books C and D Index 1860-1879. Batch M713922 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1879-1885 - Washington County Marriage Book E Index 1879-1885. Batch M713923 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1885-1890 - Washington County Marriage Book F Index 1885-1890. Batch M713924 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1890-1895 - Washington County Marriage Book G Index 1890-1895. Batch M713925 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
  • 1895 - Washington County Marriage Book H Index 1895. Batch M713926 at FamilySearch - free.[4]
Death Records
Vital Record Substitutes

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Washington County Historical Society
110 W. 1st Ave.
Sandersville 31082

Washington Township Historical Society
308 E Robert Toombs Ave
Washington 30673-2038

Central Georgia Genealogial Society
Post Office Box 2024
Warner Robins, GA 31099

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Washington County, Georgia. Page 161 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 57-58. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/53/Igigeorgiamz.pdf.


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  • This page was last modified on 30 January 2016, at 02:12.
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