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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Indians of New Mexico Gotoarrow.png Zuni Indian Tribe, New Mexico

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Zuni Indian Governor.jpg

Ancestral Homeland: Northern New Mexico

Population: 1990: 8,000


Tribal Headquarters

Pueblo of Zuni
PO Box 339
1203B State HWY. 53
Zuni, NM 87327

Phone: 1-505-782-7000
Fax: 1-505-782-7002


Zuni pueblos: Nutria, Ojo Caliente,Pescado and Zuni

Extinct Zuni pueblos:Halona, Hampasawan, Hawikuh, Heshokta, Heshota Ayathltona, Heshota Hluptsina, Heshota Imkoskwin, Heshotapathltaie, Heshota Uhla, Kechipauan, Kiakima, Kwakina, Kwakinawan, Matski, Pinawan, Shopakia, Wimian

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Zuni tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Gregory C. Crampton. The Zunis of Cibola. University of Utah Press. 1977. FHL book 970.3 Z86c

Frederick Webb Hodge. History of Hawikun, New Mexico. Los Angeles, Southwest Museum 1937. FHL Book 970.3 H662h

Brief Timeline

  • 1540: Francisco Vasquez de Coronado - stays in Hawikah Zuni village
  • 1800's: Smallpox epiedmics
  • 1898-99: Epiedmic kills 250
  • 1950-60: Members of the tribe learned silver jewery making from Navajo
  • 1978: United States returns ownership of the sacred Zuni "Salt Lake"
  • 1984: United States returns ownership of "Zuni Heaven" - eastern Arizona


The main part of the Zuni Reservation is located in New Mexico, but the tribe also has land in Arizona.


Zuni Agency


The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

School Records

Zuni Indian Boarding School

Important Web Sites



  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published


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  • This page was last modified on 2 April 2015, at 15:20.
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