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Contents

Brief History

In June 1861 a call went out for more men to enlist. By July 1861, several unites were organized, one being the 12th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (or Volunteers). They were at organized near Lightwood Knot Springs, north of Columbia. The men had enlisted for the duration of the war so when there was a reorganization in the spring of 1862, the 12th Regiment was not affected. The unit surrendered with Gregg's Brigade on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox, Virgiia.[1] [2].

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Information about the companies, their nicknames and counties of origin is talen from Seigler's[1] and Boyle's[3] books, and from Batson's website.[4] Rosters are from Eastern Digital Resources[5] and Wikipedia.[6] 

Other Sources

  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army, as their main source for the regiment history. Family History Library book 973 M2crua, FHL Collection, WorldCat.
  • Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls).
  • Boyles, J.R.  Reminiscences of the Civil War.  (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990).   Includes a description of activities of the 12th South Carolina Infantry Regiment (Confederate) in the following battles or localities: Mechanicsville, Va.; Gaines Mill, Va.; White Oak Swamp, Va.; Chancellorsville, Va.; Gettysburg, Pa.; POW--David's Island, N.Y.; POW--Johnson's Island, Ohio; POW--Point Lookout, Md.  Available at the Family History Library FHL US/CAN Fiche 6082639.   Other Libraries, (accessed 15 Apr 2011).
  • McCrady, Edward. Gregg's Brigade of South Carolinians in the Second Battle of Manassas : an address before the survivors of the Twelfth Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers, at Walhalla, South Carolina, August 21, 1884 (Richmond : W.E. Jones, Book and Job Printer, 1885), 40 pages.  Microfiche at  FHL 6082640 and copy at Other Libraries.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 143-154. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.
  2. 12th South Carolina Volunteers, (accessed 13 Apr 2011).
  3. Boyles, J. R. Reminiscences of the Civil War. Microfiche of original published: Columbia, S.C.: Bryan Print. Co., 1890. 66 p. Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1990. FHL Fiche 6082639 (1 fiche).
  4. "Twelfth South Carolina Infantry Regiment". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010. This Internet site lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in. The site gives the county of organization and nicknames listed.
  5. "12th Infantry Regiment". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/22/2010. Lists a brief Regiment History and Company Rosters for B, C, and G.
  6. 12th South Carolina Infantry. Wikipedia article. Internet site, accessed 12/30/2010. Gives a brief history, company officers and some rosters of enlisted men.

 

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