18th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry

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=== Brief History  ===
 
=== Brief History  ===
  
18th Infantry Regiment was assembled during the winter of 1861-1862 with men from Laurens County and other counties in the northwestern part of the state. After serving in the Department of South Carolina, Georiga, and Florida, it was ordered to Virginia. During the war it was assigned to General Evans', Elliott's, and Wallace's Brigade <ref>National Park Service, [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] (accessed 4 January 2011).</ref> .  
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The 18th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry was assembled during the winter of 1861-1862 with men from Laurens County and other counties in the northwestern part of the state. It was mustered into Confederate servic for three years in May 1862. After serving in the Department of South Carolina, Georiga, and Florida, it was ordered to Virginia. During the war it was assigned to General Evans', Elliott's, and Wallace's Brigade. The 18th Regiment surrendered on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.<ref>National Park Service, [http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System] (accessed 4 January 2011).</ref><ref name="Seigler">Robert S. Seigler. ''South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States''. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 179-194. {{FHL|1639482|item|disp=FHL book 975.7 M2sr  v. 3}}. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in.  Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.</ref>
  
 
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Men often enlisted in&nbsp; a company recruited in the counties where they lived&nbsp;though not always.&nbsp;After many battles,&nbsp;companies might&nbsp;be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.&nbsp; However if you are unsure which company your ancestor&nbsp; was in, try the company recruited in his county first.  
 
Men often enlisted in&nbsp; a company recruited in the counties where they lived&nbsp;though not always.&nbsp;After many battles,&nbsp;companies might&nbsp;be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.&nbsp; However if you are unsure which company your ancestor&nbsp; was in, try the company recruited in his county first.  
  
A Company - many men from [[Union County, South Carolina|Union]]  
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:Company A (also known as the Unionville Rifles) - many men from [[Union County, South Carolina#Military|Union District (County)]]
  
B Company - many men from [[Union County, South Carolina|Union]]  
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:Company B (also known as the Union District Volunteers) - many men from [[Union County, South Carolina#Military|Union District (County)]]
  
C&nbsp;Company - many men from [[Union County, South Carolina|Union] ] D&nbsp;Company - many men from [[Anderson County, South Carolina|Anderson]]  
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:Company C (also known as the Cross Keys Company) - many men from&nbsp; [[Union County, South Carolina#Military|Union District (County)]],&nbsp;western area and [[Spartanburg County, South Carolina#Military|Spartanburg District (County),]] southern area.<br>
  
E Company - many men from [[Spartanburg County, South Carolina|Spartanburg]]  
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:Company D - many men from [[Anderson County, South Carolina#Military|Anderson District (County)&nbsp;]]&nbsp;
  
F&nbsp;Company - many men from [[Union County, South Carolina|Union]]  
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:Company E - many men from [[Spartanburg County, South Carolina#Military|Spartanburg District (County), a]] few men from [[Union County, South Carolina#Military|Union District (County)]],&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Greenville County, South Carolina#Military|Greenville District (County)]] and [[Laurens County, South Carolina#Military|Lauens District (County)]]&nbsp;
  
G&nbsp;Company - many men from [[York County, South Carolina|York]]  
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:Company F - many men from [[Union County, South Carolina#Military|Union &nbsp;District (County), a]] few men from [[York County, South Carolina#Military|York District (County)]] and [[Spartanburg County, South Carolina#Military|Spartanburg Distirct (County)]]
  
H Company - many men from [[York County, South Carolina|York]]  
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:Company G (also known as the Mountain Guards) - many men from [[York County, South Carolina#Military|York District County and]] [[Spartanburg County, South Carolina#Military|Spartanburg District (County)]]
  
I Company - many men from [[Darlington County, South Carolina|Darlington]]  
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:Company H (also known as the Bethel Rifles) - many men from [[York County, South Carolina#Military|York District (County)]]
  
K Company (also known as Broad River Guards), man men from&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Spartanburg County, South Carolina|Spartanburg]]
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:Company I (also known as the Darlington Rifles) - many men from
  
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&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Darlington County, South Carolina#Military|Darlington District (County)]]
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:Company K (also known as the Broad River Guards) - many men from&nbsp;&nbsp;[[Spartanburg County, South Carolina#Military|Spartanburg District (County)]]
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Information about the companies, their nicknames and county of origins taken from Seigler's book.<ref name="Seigler" />
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The [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/soldiers-and-sailors-database.htm Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database] lists 2,091 men on its roster for this unit. [http://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers.htm?submitted=1&SDunitCode=CSC0018RI Roster].
  
 
=== Other Sources<br>  ===
 
=== Other Sources<br>  ===

Revision as of 02:58, 11 January 2013

United States  Gotoarrow.png  U.S. Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Military  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina in the Civil War  Gotoarrow.png  South Carolina Civil War Confederate Units 15th through 51st   Gotoarrow.png   18th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry

Contents

Brief History

The 18th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry was assembled during the winter of 1861-1862 with men from Laurens County and other counties in the northwestern part of the state. It was mustered into Confederate servic for three years in May 1862. After serving in the Department of South Carolina, Georiga, and Florida, it was ordered to Virginia. During the war it was assigned to General Evans', Elliott's, and Wallace's Brigade. The 18th Regiment surrendered on April 9, 1865 at Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.[1][2]


Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Company A (also known as the Unionville Rifles) - many men from Union District (County)
Company B (also known as the Union District Volunteers) - many men from Union District (County)
Company C (also known as the Cross Keys Company) - many men from  Union District (County), western area and Spartanburg District (County), southern area.
Company D - many men from Anderson District (County)  
Company E - many men from Spartanburg District (County), a few men from Union District (County),  Greenville District (County) and Lauens District (County) 
Company F - many men from Union  District (County), a few men from York District (County) and Spartanburg Distirct (County)
Company G (also known as the Mountain Guards) - many men from York District County and Spartanburg District (County)
Company H (also known as the Bethel Rifles) - many men from York District (County)
Company I (also known as the Darlington Rifles) - many men from

     Darlington District (County)

Company K (also known as the Broad River Guards) - many men from  Spartanburg District (County)

Information about the companies, their nicknames and county of origins taken from Seigler's book.[2]

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 2,091 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.

Other Sources

  • Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 and 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. Locate this book at other libraries. Lists 10 companies A-I, K; also regiment activies from November 1861 to February 1865.
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.

References

  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 179-194. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.